mnt quiz 1

gastr

the word root for stomach in gastr/itis, gastr/ectomy, and gastr/ic

the foundation of the word is the

word root

combining vowel

a word root plus a vowel (therm/o)

compound word

adding a vowel to a word root to create a combining form allows two or more word roots to be joined with a suffix to form a word; vowel makes it easier to pronounce; "o" is the most common used combing vowel

cytometer

instrument used to count cells

combining form

in the words micr/o./scope, micr/o/film, and micr/o/be, micr/o is a ...

word root

micr is a ...

combining form rule

when adding a word root to another word root or suffix that begins with a consonant

neurospasm

nerve spasm

word root rule

use a word root when joining a word root to another word root or suffix that begins with a vowel

lymphoma

lymphatic tumor

otalgia

ear pain

compound words

formed when two or more word roots are used to build the word

underage, brainstem, and chicken pox

are examples of compound words

micr/o

small

microscope

instrument used to see small things

microsurgery

surgery using a microscope

micrometer

device used to measure small things; one millionth of a meter

herpetic lesion

herpes viral blister

chickenpox

a disease also known as varicella; viral infection with varicella zoster

zostervax

type of immunization that may help prevent those with a history of childhood chickenpox from developing shingles after age 60

analgesic

medication that reduces or eliminates pain

Postherpatic Neuralgia

Pain persisting or recuring in shingles-affected areas.

hydr/o

water

hydrophobia

fear of water

hydrocele

herniation or sac containing water (fluid)

hydrotherapy

treatment using water

#NAME?

an adjective suffix; means pertaining to

thermometric

adj. of or relating to thermometry

radiographer

one who makes x-ray images

acrodermatitis

inflammation of the skin of the extremities

cystitis

inflammation of the bladder

suffix

the ending that follows the word root or combining form is called

#NAME?

means one who or one which

port (word root)

means to carry

porter

the one who carries

medical practitioner

one who practices medicine

cynanosis

bluish discoloration

cyanotic

Bluish skin color due to lack of Oxygen

anemia

A condition in which the blood is deficient in red blood cells, in hemoglobin, or in total volume.

anemic

lacking vigor or energy

mucus

A thick, slippery substance produced by the body

mucous

specialized membranes that line the body cavities

ilium

specific region of the pelvic bone (latin singular)

iliac

hip bone

condyle

rounded articular projection

condylar

pertaining to a rounded projection on a bone

carpus

wrist

carpal

wrist bone

emesis

vomiting

emetic

causing vomiting

#NAME?

condition, state or theory

#NAME?

condition

#NAME?

specialist

#NAME?

one who

#NAME?

quality

#NAME?

possession, having, full of

#NAME?

ability

hyperthyroidism

condition or state of too much secretion by the thyroid gland

darwinism

presents a theory of evolution

mendelism

presents a theory of heredity

contraction

a condition of muscle shortening

relaxation

condition of diminished tension

psychiatrist

a specialist who practices psychiatry; specialist in treating mental disorders

conductivity

expresses the quality of conducting nerve and muscle impulses

sensitivity

expresses the quality of nervous tissue excitability related to receiving stimuli

serous

refers to the nature of having, possessing material lining closed body cavities such as the abdomen

nervous

refers to having, possessing too much stress, or having a type of tissue made of nerve cells

adjectives

words ending in -ous

lungs are inflatable

lungs have the ability to inflate

adejectives

words ending in -ible and -able

injectable forms of medication

ampule, cartridge, multidose vial

singular suffix -on

plural -a

singular suffix -ma

plural -mata

singular suffix -sis

plural -es

singular suffix -nx

plural -ges

singular suffix -a

plural -ae

singular suffix -us

plural -i

singular suffix -um

plural -a

singular suffix -is

plural -es

singular suffix -ex

plural -ices or -lces

singular suffix -ix

plural -ices or -lces

singular suffix -ax

plural -aces

spermatozoon

sperm cell (greek singular)

spermatozoa

sperm cells (greek plural)

ganglion

collection of nerve cell bodies in the peripheral nervous system (greek singular)

ganglia

Collections of nerve cell bodies (greek plural)

carcinoma

cancerous tumor made up of cells of epithelial origin (greek singular)

carcinomata

more than one cancer (greek plural)

lipoma

benign fatty tumor (greek singular)

lipomata

Plural of lipoma (greek plural)

crisis

A sudden, unpredictable, and potentially dangerous event (greek singular)

crises

plural of crisis (greek plural)

prognosis

a forecast of the probable course and outcome of a disease or situation (greek singular)

prognoses

multiple prognosis (greek plural)

larynx

the hollow muscular organ forming an air passage to the lungs and holding the vocal cords in humans and other mammals; the voice box (greek singular)

larynges

plural of larynx (greek plural)

pharynx

the membrane-lined cavity behind the nose and mouth, connecting them to the esophagus (greek singular)

pharynges

plural for pharynx (greek plural)

protozoan

An animal-like protist (greek singular)

sarcoma

malignant tumor of connective tissue (greek singular)

sarcomata

plural of sarcoma (greek plural)

protozoa

animal-like protists (greek plural)

diagnoses

medical conditions determined by a doctor (greek plural)

diagnosis

Identification of an injury or disease (greek singular)

phalanges

fingers, toes (greek plural)

phalanx

one finger or toe (greek singular)

vertebra

single backbone (latin singular)

vertebrae

backbones (latin plural)

conjunctiva

Delicate membrane lining the eyelids and covering the eyeball (latin singular)

conjunctivae

the mucous membranes of the eye (latin plural)

bacillus

Rod shaped bacteria (latin singular)

bacilli

Rod shaped bacteria (latin plural)

bronchus

one of the two tubes that connect the lungs with the trachea (latin singular)

bronchi

two short branches located at the lower end of the trachea that carry air into the lungs (latin plural)

testis

male reproductive organ that produces sperm and hormones (latin singular)

testes

male reproductive organs that produce sperm and hormones (latin plural)

ilia

large, flaring bone portion of hip bones (latin plural)

cortex

outer layer of the kidney (latin singular)

cortices

plural of cortex (latin plural)

appendix

A small, fingerlike extension of the vertebrate cecum; contains a mass of white blood cells that contribute to immunity (latin singular)

appendices

plural of appendix (latin plural)

thorax

chest (latin singular)

thoraces

plural of thorax (latin plural)

cocci

spherical bacteria (latin plural)

coccus

A spherical bacterium (latin singular)

calcanea

heel of foot (latin plural)

calcaneum

heel bone (latin singular)

vertices

The point of intersection of two sides of a polygon. The point of intersection of three edges of a space figure (latin plural)

vertex

The common endpoint of an angle (latin singular)

cervices

plural of cervix (latin plural)

cervix

The opening to the uterus (latin singular)

prefix

a word part that attaches in front of the word root

ex- prefix

means either from or out from

express

means to "squeeze out

implant

to set in firmly; to insert in the body surgically

supplant

to take the place of, supersede

transplant

to plant in another place

adjective

a suffix may change a noun to an..

verb

a suffix may change the tense of a...

dysmenorrhea

painful menstruation

#NAME?

inflammation

cyst-

the bladder

#NAME?

specialist in the study of

dermat-

pertaining to the skin

dermatologist

a physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating disorders of the skin

abdomin-

pertaining to the abdomen

abdominocystic

pertaining to the abdomen and bladder

gastro-

pertaining to the stomach

-enter-

pertaining to the intestine

gastroenteritis

inflammation of the stomach and intestines

#NAME?

excision, removal

hyster-

uterus

-salping-

fallopian tube

-oophor-

ovary

hysterosalpingo-oophorectomy

excision of the uterus, uterine tubes, and ovaries

#NAME?

fungal infection

dermatomycosis

fungal infection of the skin

#NAME?

process of visually examining

cystoscopy

visual examination of the urinary bladder

acr/o

extremities

acroparalysis

paralysis of the extremities

megal/o

enlarged, large

acromegaly

enlargement of the extremities

acrocyanosis

blueness of the extremities

acromegalic gigantism

a specific disorder of the body; signs are enlargement of the bones of the hands and feet as well as some of the bones in the head

#NAME?

suffix meaning the process or condition that makes a word a noun

#NAME?

greek for study

#NAME?

noun, study of

papule

solid, elevated lesion less than .5 cm in diameter; ex. warts, elevated nervi

macule

localized changes in skin color of less than 1 cm in diameter; ex. freckle

wheal

localized edema in the epidermis causing irregular elevation that may be red or pale; ex. insect bite or a hive

crust

dried serum, blood, or pus on the surface of the skin; ex. impetigo

boil (furuncle)

skin infection originating in gland or hair follicle; ex. furunculosis

bullae

same as a vesicle only greater than .5 cm; ex. contact dermatitis, large-second degree burns, bulbous impetigo, pemphigus

pustule

vesicles or bullae that become filled with pus, usually described as less than .5 cm in diameter; ex. acne, impetigo, furuncles, carbuncles, folliculitis

cyst

encapsulated fluid-filled or semi-solid mass in the subcutaneous tissue or dermis; ex. sebaceous cyst, epidermoid cyst

#NAME?

suffix that means condition, status, or process

dermatosis

any disorder of the skin

exacerbated

make (a problem, bad situation, or negative feeling) worse

erythema

redness of the skin

hypopigmentation

Absence of pigment, resulting in light or white splotches.

fissures

deep grooves

adj

adjective

ccu

critical care unit

er

emergency room

gr

greek

HSV-1, HSV-I

herpes simplex virus 1

HSV-2, HSV-II

herpes simplex virus 2

L

latin

n

noun

PA

physician assistant

pl

plural

s

singular

v

verb

VAR

varicella zoster vaccine (chickenpox vaccine)

VZV

varicella zoster virus

anemia/anemic

lack of blood, noun/adjective

appendix/appendices

glandular structure below cecum, singular/plural

bacillus/bacilli

rod-shaped bacteria, singular/plural

bacterium/bacteria

microorganism group, singular/plural

brainstem

brain structure that includes: midbrain, pons, medulla oblongata

carcinoma/carcinomata

cancerous tumor (epithelial origin), singular/plural

carpus, carpal, carpi

wrist bone(s), noun/adjective/plural

disease

abnormal function or condition

extension

stretching or elongation

gastrectomy

excision of the stomach

gastric

stomach (adjective form)

gastritis

inflammation of the stomach

gastroduodenoscopy

examination by looking into the stomach and the duodenum with a scope

gastroduodenostomy

make a new surgical opening between the stomach and duodenum

inflammation

condition defined by redness, swelling, pain, and warmth

inject, injected, injecting

put in using a needle, verbs

injectable

able to be injected (adjective form)

lymphadenopathy

disease of a lymph gland

microbe

very small organism

microfilm

image reduced to small size on film

mucus/mucous

watery substance produced by a membrane, noun/adjective

condyle/condylar

rounded bony process, noun/adjective

cyanosis/cyanotic

condition of blueness, noun/adjective

kg

kilogram(s) (1000g)

hg

hectogram (100g)

dag

decagram (10g)

gm or g

gram

dg

decigram (.1g)

cg

centigram (.01g)

mg

milligram (.001g)

mcg, ug

microgram (.001mg)

lb, #

pound

oz, 3

ounce

dr, 3

dram

gr

grain

cu mm

cubic millimeter (mm3)

cc

cubic centimeter (cm3)

cu m

cubic meter (m3)

cu in

cubic inch (in3)

cu ft

cubic foot (ft3)

cu yd

cubic yard (yd3)

in

inch (2.54cm)

ft

foot (12 in)

yd

yard (36 in)

um

micrometer (.000001m)

mm

millimeter (.001m)

cm

centimeter (.01m)

m

meter

km

kilometer (1000m)

t, tsp

teaspoon

T, Tbsp

tablespoon

c

cup

m, min

minim

ml

mililiter (.001L)

cc liquid

cubic centimeter (1ml)

cl

centiliter (.01L)

dl

deciliter (.1L)

L

liter (1000ml)

dal

decaliter (10L)

hl

hectoliter (100L)

fl dr, fl 3

fluid dram (60 min)

fl oz, fl 3

fluid ounce (8fl dr)

pt

pint (16 oz)

qt

quart (32 oz)

gal

gallon (4 qt)

gt

drop (1 min)

gtt

drops

at wt

atomic weight

C, kcal

calorie

c, Ci

curie

ht

height

mA

miliampere

mEq

milliequivalent

MHz

megahertz

mg%

milligram percent

mm Hg

millimeters of mercury

mw

molecular weight

ms

millisecond

IU

international units

U

units

Ag

silver (argentum--Latin)

AgNO3

silver nitrate

Al

Aluminum

Ar

argon

As

arsenic

Au

gold

B

boron

Ba

barium

Br

bromine

C

carbon

C6H12O6

glucose

Ca

calcium (Ca++ ion)

Cd

cadmium

Cl

chlorine (cl- ion)

Co

cobalt

CO2

carbon dioxide

Cr

chromium