Sociology Chapter 4 Sections 1 & 2


the process by which individuals internalize the values, beliefs, and norms of a given society and learn to function as members of that society


our understanding and evaluation of who we are

Looking Glass Self (Cooley)

Charles Cooley; we evaluate self image through
1. How do I appear to others?
2. What must others think of me?
3. Revise how we think about ourselves.

Significant others

those people whose reactions are most important to your self-concept

Role taking

assuming the viewpoint of another person and using that viewpoint to shape the self-concept

Imitation stage

Mead's first stage in the development of role taking; children begin to imitate behaviors without understanding why

Play stage

the second stage in Mead's theory of the development of self wherein children pretend to play the role of the particular or significant other

Game stage

Mead's third stage in the development of role taking; children anticipate the actions of others based on social rules

Generalized other

the common behavioral expectations of general society


the part of the self formed through socialization