MGT 268- ERP Systems

what is application integration?
the integration of a company's existing management info systems

in which of the five basic supply chain activities do you build relationships with suppliers to procure raw materials?
source

which activities do accounting and finance components perform?
manage accounting data and financial processes within the enterprise with functions such as general ledger, accounts payable, budgeting, and asset management

what takes a new approach to middleware by packaging commonly used applications together, reducing the time needed to integrate applications from multiple vendors?
enterprise application integration middleware

what is supply chain event management (SCEM)?
enables an organization to react more quickly to resolve supply chain issues

what allows separate systems to communicate directly with each other, eliminating the need for manual entry into multiple systems?
integration

which of the following describes an ERP system?
have been widely adopted in large organizations to store critical knowledge used to make the decisions that drive the organizations' performance, enables people in different bus areas to communicate, and provides a foundation for collaboration between dep

what is key for business process support that spans functional areas and legacy systems?
data integration is key for bus process support that spans functional areas and legacy systems

which of the below represents the bullwhip effect?
distorted product-demand info ripples from one partner to the next throughout the supply chain

which of the following best describes an enterprise system?
enterprise wide support and data access for an organization's operations and bus processes

what is RFID?
uses electronic tags and labels to identify objects wirelessly over short distances

what is a backward integration?
sends info entered into a given system automatically to all upstream systems and processes

what connects the plans, methods, and tools aimed at integrating separate enterprise systems?
enterprise application integration

which application's primary bus benefits include market demand, resource and capacity constraints, and real time scheduling?
SCM

what is a supply chain planning system?
uses advanced mathematical algorithms to improve the flow and efficiency of the supply chain while reducing inventory

what is data integration?
the integration of data from multiple sources, which provides a unified view of all data

which of the following is one of the bus areas of the supply chain management?
logistics, materials management, and procurement

where would you find the manufacturer and distributor in a typical supply chain?
in the middle

what is the integration of a company's existing management info systems?
application integration

Charles works in the warehouse. which of the following are inventory management steps he would complete related to the fulfillment process?
create outbound delivery and post goods issue

what are robotics?
focus on creating artificial intelligence devices that can move and react to sensory input

what distributes goods and services to customers?
outbound logistics

which of the following occurs when everyone involved in sourcing, producing, and delivering the company's product works with the same info?
cuts down wasted time, removes misinformation, and eliminates redundancies

what is middleware?
translates info between disparate systems

what takes info entered into a given system and sends it automatically to all downstream systems and processes
forward integration

what is forward integration?
takes info entered into a given system and sends it automatically to all downstream systems and processes

what is the purchasing of goods and services to meet the needs of the supply chain?
procurement

what is collaborative engineering?
allows an organization to reduce the cost and time required during the design process of a product

a system that supports bus processes end to end and across the organization is an?
enterprise system

what is the ability to view all areas up and down the supply chain in real time?
supply chain visibility

what is enterprise resource planning (ERP)?
Integrates all departments and functions throughout an organization into a single IT system (or integrated set of IT systems) so employees can make decisions by viewing enterprise-wide information about all business operations

which extended component collects info used throughout an organization, organizes it, and applies analytical tools to assist managers with decisions?
bus intelligence

what is enterprise application integration (EAI)?
connects the plans, methods, and tools aimed at integrating separate enterprise systems

what focuses on keeping suppliers satisfied by evaluating and categorizing suppliers for different projects?
supplier relationship management

most bus processes are cross functional or cross departmental processes that span the entire organization, which of the following does NOT represent a cross-functional bus process?
processing payroll

what includes activities that govern the flow of tangible, physical materials through the supply chain such as shipping, transport, distribution, and warehousing?
materials management

what modifies existing software according to bus or user's requirements?
software customization

what enables an organization to react more quickly to resolve supply chain issues?
supply chain event management

what allows an organization to reduce the cost and time required during the design process of a product?
collaborative engineering

what is an organization performing when it asks questions such as "which customers are at risk of leaving?"
CRM predicting technologies

what provides enterprise wide support and data access for a firm's operations and bus processes?
enterprise systems

in which of the five basic supply chain activities do you prepare to manage all resources required to meet demand?
plan

what is the integration of data from multiple sources, which provides a unified view of all data?
data integration

what is logistics?
includes the processes that control the distribution, maintenance, and replacement of materials and personnel to support the supply chain

what is customer relationship management (CRM)?
a means of managing all aspects of a customer's relationship with an organization to increase customer loyalty and retention and an organization's profitability

which activities do human resource components perform?
Track employee information including payroll, benefits, compensation, performance assessment, and assumes compliance with the legal requirements of multiple jurisdictions and tax authorities