Phonology Sounds

Articulation

coordinated movements of articulators to produce speech sounds

Place

where the constriction occurs

Manner

How the airstream modified as it passes through the vocal tract

Stops

air pressure behind the point of constriction

Fricative

friction like air through a narrow passage

Affricates

starts as stop, ends as fricative

Phonological Processes

-Patterns heard in younger speech
-Typically resolve over time
-Considered a problem if it doesn't resolve

Final Consonant Deletion

deletion of the final consonant in a syllable or word
EXAMPLE - bed pronounced as beh

Cluster Reduction

deletion of one or more consonants in a cluster
EXAMPLE - clap pronounced as cap

Syllable Reduction

deletion of a syllable from a word containing 2 or more syllables
EXAMPLE - computer pronounced as puter

Fronting

substitution of a more anteriorly produced sound for the target sound
EXAMPLE- get pronounced as det

Stopping

substitution of a stop for a fricative or affricate
EXAMPLE - ship pronounced as tip

Prevocalic voicing

voicing of an initial voiceless consonant
EXAMPLE - pig pronounced as big