unit 1 vocab

City Upon a Hill

a name for Mass. Bay Colony coined by Winthrop to describe how their colony should serve as a model of excellence for future generations

House of Burgesses

Elected assembly in colonial Virginia, created in 1618.

Push and Pull Factors

Conditions that draw people to another location (pull factors) or cause people to leave their homelands and migrate to another region (push factors)

Royal colony

A colony under the direct control of a monarch

Proprietary colony

colony run by individuals or groups to whom land was granted


A religious group who wanted to purify the Church of England. They came to America for religious freedom and settled Massachusetts Bay.

Virginia Colony

First settlement was Jamestown. Charter to stock company/royal.

John Smith

English explorer who helped found the colony at Jamestown, Virginia

John Rolfe

He was one of the English settlers at Jamestown (and he married Pocahontas). He discovered how to successfully grow tobacco in Virginia and cure it for export, which made Virginia an economically successful colony.


A native Indian of America, who was one of the first to marry an Englishman, John Rolfe, and return to England with him

Starving Time

Winter of 1609-1610

Massachusetts Bay Colony

1629 - King Charles gave the Puritans a right to settle and govern a colony in the Massachusetts Bay area. The colony established political freedom and a representative government.

Mayflower Compact

the first governing document of Plymouth Colony


belief in the benefits of profitable trading; commercialism.

Salutary Neglect

An English policy of not strictly enforcing laws in its colonies

Triangle Trade

a trade route that exchanged goods between the West Indies, the American colonies, and West Africa

Indentured Servants

Immigrants who received passage to America in exchange for a fixed term of labor