(L1) Match the statements with the Constitutional Convention compromises. Some answers will be used more than once.Virginia PlanCommerce and Slave Trade CompromiseVirginia PlanNew Jersey PlanNew Jersey PlanNew Jersey PlanNew Jersey Plan
Match the statements with the Constitutional Convention compromises. Some answers will be used more than once.supported by the larger states who wanted strong state governmentsstated that Congress couldn't act on the slave trade for 20 yearsbased congressional representation on population size and taxes paidpresented by William Patersona unicameral Congress, like that under the Articlesa plural executiveequal representation in Congress
(L1) Match the statements with the Constitutional Convention compromises. Some answers will be used more than once.New Jersey PlanCommerce and Slave Trade CompromiseVirginia PlanGreat CompromiseNew Jersey Plan
Match the statements with the Constitutional Convention compromises. Some answers will be used more than once.supported by smaller statesstates wanted to include three-fifths of slaves in population countpresented by Edmund Randolphbicameral Congress with equal representation in the upper house and representation by population in the lower househad a limited judiciary with no jurisdiction over America citizens
(L1) Select THREE facts about James Madison.
His detailed notes are a valuable source document from the Constitutional Convention.He was the author of the Virginia Plan.He became known as the father of the Constitution.
(L1) Select THREE points on which the Framers could agree.
The Articles were weak, but caution should be given in assigning too much power to the national government.The new government must be representative.The government should be a classical republic.
(L1) Which of the following statements would be the best title for the graphic below?
The Southern states wanted certain protections in a compromise.
(L1) The diagram describes ___.
(L1) Select TWO statements describing the Great Compromise.
It included a bicameral CongressRepresentation was equally distributed in the upper house and based on population in the lower house.
(L1) Select TWO statements describing the Commerce and Slave Trade Compromise.
Congress could not make laws against the slave trade for at least 20 years.Congress could limit slave imports after 1808.
(L1) Select TWO statements describing the Three-Fifths Compromise.
Each slave counted as a partial person.It required taxes on slaves who were counted in the population.
(L1) A(n) ____ is an official period of waiting or delay.
(L1) Which American leader was NOT at the Constitutional Convention?
(L2) What was a major difference between the Articles of Confederation and the Constitution?
Amending the Articles required all of the states' approval while amending the Constitution required approval from only nine states.
(L2) Select TWO reasons why Anti-Federalists did not support the ratification of the Constitution.
Anti-Federalists opposed the concentration of power in a central national government instead of in the states.The Constitution lacked a bill of rights.
(L2) Why was Article VII important in the ratification of the Constitution?
It provided a reasonable way for 9 of the 13 states to ratify the Constitution.
(L2) Choose the THREE authors of The Federalist Papers.
Alexander HamiltonJohn JayJames Madison
(L2) The Federalist Papers were ___ ratification of the U.S. Constitution.
85 essays written by members of the Constitutional Convention who supported
(L2) The first temporary capital of the new government was located in ___.
New York City
(L2) The graphic refers to the ____ Compromise.
(L2) Select THREE reasons why the Electoral College was created.
to select electors who were knowledgeable and informed on issues that affected all statesto find nonpolitical representatives who would make decisions in the best interests of the countryto give representation to all people through electors
(L2) A pen name used by a person to hide his identity is a(n) ___.
(L2) Match the terms and people with the descriptions.John AdamsThe Federalist No. 10New HampshireGeorge MasonJames MadisonGeorge Washington
Match the terms and people with the descriptions.first vice president of the United Statesessay about limiting of the executive branch to four yearsninth state to ratify the Constitutionone of the Anti-federalists who feared that a presidency could evolve into a monarchyfather of the Constitution and a Federalistfirst President of United States and a Federalist
(Proj. 1) Match the examples with the amendments.Sixth AmendmentSeventh AmendmentEighth AmendmentNinth AmendmentTenth Amendment
Match the examples with the amendments.John's family could not afford a defense attorney, so the state appointed one to represent him.Even though Jamal was only contesting a traffic ticket, he requested a trial by jury.Some states consider the death penalty to be cruel and unusual punishment. Those that allow it seek ways to make it humane.This amendment has been used to extend rights to groups not specifically mentioned in the U.S. Constitution.The states and local governments can establish tax-funded schools.
(Proj. 1) Match the examples with the amendments.First AmendmentSecond AmendmentThird AmendmentFourth AmendmentFifth Amendment
Match the examples with the amendments.The Constitution Party will be meeting for a political rally in a nearby park to urge Americans to return the government back to "We the People." They will hold rallies encouraging people to protest the lack of representation of the people by the two-party system (Democrats and Republicans) and to express their discontent with the government's lack of fiscal responsibility.Amanda keeps a rifle in a secure location in her home for protection of her family and property.The idea of allowing soldiers to quarter in our homes is foreign to us today, but was born out of the experience of having to quarter British soldiers before the American Revolution.During a routine traffic stop, a police officer asked to look inside the trunk of Eric's car. Eric declined and reminded the officer that he would require a search warrant to do so.Joanna exercised her right not to testify against herself in court during her criminal case.
(L3) Choose SIX basic principles that formed the foundation of the Constitution.
Power must be balanced by each branch checking the others.The government must be restricted to the rule of law to avoid abuse.The government exists by the consent of those governed.The government's power is divided to prevent abuse.Government exists because the people allow it to exist.Authority is shared between the states and the central government.
(L3) Who is being described by the following comments?
(L3) Select SIX purposes of the Constitution stated in the Preamble.
give the federal government power to maintain peaceprevent oppressive laws like those that Britain had placed upon the statesimprove upon the Articles of Confederation by forming a more perfect unionsecure liberty for future generationsrepresent the common peopleprovide for the common defense
(L3) In a representative democracy, or republic, ___.
citizens choose representatives who are held accountable through elections
(L3) Select the THREE parts of the Constitution.
the Preambleseven articlesBill of Rights and other amendments
(L3) The ______ Supreme Court decision said evidence may not be admitted in a court case if its seizure violated the Fourth Amendment.
Mapp v. Ohio
(L3) Which English lawyer organized British common law into a consistent system?
(L3) Which principle was James Madison describing when he wrote the following in The Federalist No. 51: "If men were angels, no government would be necessary. If angels were to govern men, neither external nor internal controls on government would be necessary. In framing a government which is to be administered by men over men, the great difficulty lies in this: you must first enable the government to control the governed; and in the next place oblige it to control itself."?
separation of powers and a system of checks and balances
(L3) Match the constitutional articles and amendments with the descriptions.Article VArticle VIIFirst AmendmentFourth AmendmentSecond AmendmentFifth AmendmentNineteenth Amendment
Match the constitutional articles and amendments with the descriptions.provides method by which Constitution can be amendedgives the number of states needed to ratify the Constitutioncannot establish a religion or prevent others from exercising their religionsright to be secure in person and homes against unreasonable searches and seizuresthe right of the people to keep and bear armsestablishes that no one can be forced to testify against themselves in criminal trialsgranted women the right to vote
(L3) Match the descriptions with the numbers.277310
Match the descriptions with the numbers.the number of times the Constitution has been amendedthe number of articles in the Constitutionthe number of articles that provide the duties of each branch of governmentthe number of amendments that enumerate natural rights and liberties of the populace
(L3) Match the scenarios with the amendments. Some answers will be used more than once.First AmendmentFifth AmendmentFourth AmendmentFifth Amendment; Eighth AmendmentTwenty-Second AmendmentSeventeenth Amendment
Match the scenarios with the amendments. Some answers will be used more than once.Believing that abortion ends a human life, demonstrators march peacefully outside federal buildings while displaying signs against the practice.The police raid a nearby hotel looking for illegal aliens who might be working in the country. Police hold the suspected aliens in jail for three months without any representation.City officials promote a plan to create a "weapon-free" town. However, a court strikes down the town's plans for surprise, random searches of homes and cars for weapons to confiscate.The government has detained American citizens suspected of terrorist activity. To get the suspects to talk, the government agents have used waterboards that simulate drowning and threats to get information from these suspected terrorists. (There are two amendments for this.)After serving two terms, the President of the United States leaves office according to law.Voters go to the polls to elect a senator to represent their state in the U.S. Senate.
(Q1) City officials refusing to allow citizens to hold public meetings in a public park for any reason is a violation of the ____ Amendment.
(Q1) The ______ Plan based the representation in Congress on population and wealth.
(Q1) The ______ of the Constitution declared that the Founders sought to "form a more perfect union" than that formed under the Articles of Confederation.
(Q1) ____ were opposed to the ratification of the Constitution because they feared a strong central government like the one they endured under English rule.
(Q1) _______ of the Constitution required approval of 9 of the 13 states.
(Q1) The ____ Plan proposed to retain a unicameral legislature as prescribed by the Articles of Confederation.
(Q1) What advantage did the Framers intend in establishing the Electoral College?
Knowledgeable, informed electors could select a President based on merit and not along party or state lines.
(Q1) The ______ Plan proposed equal representation among states.
(Q1) The ______ Amendment gave women the right to vote.
(Q1) "The proposed Constitution, therefore, is, in strictness, neither a national nor a federal Constitution, but a composition of both" is a statement likely taken from the ___.
(Q1) Which description is NOT a fact about George Washington?
Framer who conceived of the Great Compromise
(Q1) Select the answer that best completes the graphic.(freemen counted in population)(slave counted as 3/5 of a person in state population)(south required to pay taxes on slaves)
(Q1) Match the amendments from the Bill of Rights with the descriptions.First AmendmentSecond AmendmentFourth AmendmentSixth AmendmentSeventh AmendmentEighth Amendment
Match the amendments from the Bill of Rights with the descriptions.People have a right to freedom of religion, press, speech, and assembly, and may also petition the government.People have the right to own a weapon to protect themselves.The government cannot arrest one or search one's property without probable cause.A person has the right to a fair trial in civil cases.A person has the right to a trial by jury.The government cannot demand excessive bails or use cruel and unusual punishment.
(Q1) Which of these is NOT part of the Constitution?
Separation of Powers manifesto
(Q1) The Virginia Plan supported ____.
strong state governments
(Q1) ____ was an author of The Federalist Papers, supporter of the ten amendments of the Bill of Rights, and father of the Constitution.
(Q1) Select the answer that best completes the graphic.(bicameral congress)(house of representatives based on population)(senate representation equally distributed)
Great Compromise (Connecticut Compromise)
(Q1) Select the answer that best completes the graphic.(no laws against slave trade made for 20 years)(no tax on state exports)(limitations on slave trade importation after 1808)
Commerce and Slave Trade Compromise
(Q1) In a ______ democracy, citizens choose men or women to represent them in the government.
(Q1) Which statement does NOT describe the U.S. Constitution?
The states maintain a firm control over the central government.
(L4) Select THREE statements that represent the principle of federalism.
limits the power of governmentdivides power between the national government and the state governmentsshares power between the national government and the state governments
(L4) Select TWO questions that surfaced regarding the case of McCulloch v. Maryland that had to be resolved by the Supreme Court.
Did Congress have the implied powers to establish a national bank if that right was not expressed in the Constitution?Did states have the right to override the powers of Congress?
(L4) What did the Supremacy Clause in Article VI, Section 2 of the Constitution establish?
The interests of the federal government trump the interests of states.
(L4) Why is the Necessary and Proper Clause also called the Elastic Clause?
It allows Congress to stretch or adapt its powers to accomplish its constitutional responsibilities.
(L4) What is an expressed power?
Congressional powers that are specifically listed in the Constitution.
(L4) What is an implied power?
Congressional powers that are not specifically listed in the Constitution.
(L4) The extent of a government's legal authority is its ____.
(L4) James Madison argued in The Federalist No. 39 that the national and state governments were not intended to be "____.
mutual rivals and enemies
(L4) Choose whether the below statements are an Advantage or Disadvantage of a federal system of government.AdvantageDisadvantageAdvantageDisadvantageDisadvantageAdvantageAdvantageAdvantage
Choose whether the below statements are an Advantage or Disadvantage of a federal system of government.Personal liberties and freedoms are protected.Special interest groups have some political power.Individuals may participate in more levels of government.The citizens may not be nationally united because the state and national governments might conflict.Discrimination of people is often hidden.It prevents power from being centralized within one level.It unifies the states against threats from others, as well as natural disasters.It better addresses people's needs because of the various levels of government.
(L5) Match the statements with the types of federalism. Answers will be used more than once.creative federalismcooperative federalismnew federalismcreative federalism[new federalism]dual federalism[dual federalism][creative federalism]cooperative federalism[dual federalism]new federalismnew federalism
Match the statements with the types of federalism. Answers will be used more than once.President Johnson's Great Society initiatives"marble cake federalism"system under which states regained power but assumed responsibility for funding entitlements"picket fence federalism"distinct and separate sovereignty of each level of government with no overlap of responsibility"layered cake federalism"form of federalism that ushered in the Great Depressionsystem under which states were more confident and reliant upon themselvesform of federalism that provided assistance to the states through grants-in-aidform of federalism that created a relationship of interaction between the state and national government; a sharing of powerform of federalism currently in existence today"on your own federalism
(L5) Select TWO ways that federalism has impacted government.
Federalism has created a dual court system giving states the right to handle their own cases while reserving power for the federal court system.Federalism has guaranteed representation for the people in the government.
(L5) Federalism refers to the distribution of ____ and sovereignty between two political spheres: the states and the national government.
(L5) While the state cannot take away ____, federalism allows them to provide additional rights to its citizens.
(L5) Complete the graphic. (picket fence diagram)
(L5) Match the terms with the definitions.expressed powerentitlementrelinquishremnantimplied powerjurisdictionproponentamenable
Match the terms with the definitions.congressional powers specifically listed in the Constitutiona guaranteed benefit from a government programgive up; forfeita small quantity or partcongressional powers that are not specifically listed in the Constitutionthe extent of legal authorityone who favorswilling; agreeable to
(L5) Why is the Tenth Amendment important to states?
AMVMy answer: The Tenth Amendment limited the national government to the enumerated powers (delegated in Article I, Section 8 of the Constitution); inferred that state governments had authority in the areas of education, welfare programs, and fire and police protection.
(L6) Match the statements with the articles. Answers may be used more than once.Amendment IVAmendment IIAmendment IIIAmendment IAmendment II (?)Amendment IIIAmendment I
Match the statements with the articles. Answers may be used more than once.recognizes the power and limitations of the states' republican form of governmentoutlines impeachment processimplied judicial reviewcontains the Elastic Clauselists the executive powers and dutiesestablished lower federal courtsaddresses legislative powers and duties
(L6) Match the statements with the articles. Answers may be used more than once.Amendment IAmendment IVAmendment IIIAmendment IIIAmendment IIAmendment IV
Match the statements with the articles. Answers may be used more than once.defines implied powersrecognizes states' and national government's powers and limitationsestablished the Supreme Courthighlighted by Marbury v. Madison casemade the President the Commander in Chiefensures states' protection against foreign invasion and domestic violence
(L6) The delegated powers of the national government are referred to as ____ powers.
(L6) The powers guaranteed to the states are referred to as ____ powers.
(L6) What does the graphic describe?(demanded by the states before they would ratify)(supported by the Anti-Federalists)(ensured rights and liberties of the individual)(was added to limit national government power)
Bill of Rights
(L6) What does the graphic describe?(elastic clause)(spelled out potential powers of the national government)(article I, Section 8 of the constitution)
Necessary and Proper Clause
(L6) Why is the Supremacy Clause important, as stated in Article VI, Section 2?
The Supremacy Clause established the Constitution as the supreme law of the land.
(L6) Select TWO ways an amendment may be proposed according to Article V.
a constitutional convention at the request of the legislatures in two-thirds of the statesa two-thirds vote in both houses of Congress
(L6) Select TWO ways an amendment may be ratified according to Article V.
approved by legislatures in three-fourths of the statesapproved by special ratifying conventions in three-fourths of the states
(L6) Choose TWO ways the Constitution may be informally amended.
by customs and interpretations of the law through the judicial systemby the legislature passing laws to clarify and explain
(L6) Select TWO ways the Constitution's formal amendment process is an example of federalism.
The formal amendment process of the Constitution involves both the federal and state levels of government.Requiring three-fourths of the states to approve an amendment builds a consensus.
(L6) Why was Marbury v. Madison a landmark court ruling?
It established a precedent for informal amendments through the Court's interpretation of the Constitution.
(L6) Who becomes President if the President and vice president are unable to fulfill their duties?
speaker of the House
(L6) The secretary of transportation is ____ in the line of succession.
(Proj. 2) Article I of the U.S. constitution allows Congress to make all laws that are necessary to carry out the execution of the laws granted to Congress by the Constitution.
(Proj. 2) Article I of the U.S. constitution allows Congress to require an individual to pay a direct tax (income or property tax) or indirect tax (sales tax); however, the Sixteenth Amendment modified this clause.
(Proj. 2) Article I of the U.S. constitution allows Congress to make rules to regulate the armed forces and the navy.
(Proj. 2) Article I of the U.S. constitution allows Congress to establish and require the use of uniform measurements, including money.
(Proj. 2) Article I of the U.S. constitution allows Congress to determine how aliens become citizens and to pass laws relating to bankruptcy.
(Proj. 2) Article I of the U.S. constitution allows Congress to exercise authority over places purchased by the state's approval.
(Proj. 2) Article I of the U.S. constitution allows Congress to tax goods sent by water from one state to another (port to port).
(Proj. 2) Article I of the U.S. constitution allows Congress to train and organize the military while giving states the right to appoint officers.
(Proj. 2) Article I of the U.S. constitution allows Congress to inflict punishment without a trial or pass laws "after the fact.
(Proj. 2) Article I of the U.S. constitution allows Congress to regulate foreign and interstate trade.
(Proj. 2) Article I of the U.S. constitution allows Congress to borrow money.
(Proj. 2) Why is the Elastic Clause important?
It allows the federal government to extend its implied powers to execute powers delegated to it.
(Proj. 2) Article I of the U.S. constitution allows Congress to suspend the writ of habeus corpus (showing why someone is imprisoned) at any time.
(Proj. 2) Article I of the U.S. constitution allows Congress to provide for and maintain a navy.
(Proj. 2) In Article I, Section 9, which clause establishes the principle that "all men are created equal?
The clause preventing titles of nobility
(Proj. 2) Article I of the U.S. constitution allows Congress to provide for and maintain national armed forces.
(Proj. 2) The ____ is found in Article I, Section 8. It allows Congress "To make all Laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into Execution the foregoing powers...
(Proj. 2) Which powers are denied to the states by Article !, Section 10?
States cannot tax foreign imports or tax exports between the states.States cannot keep a standing army or navy; they cannot assume powers that the Constitution grants to the national government.States cannot make agreements or negotiate with foreign states, and cannot coin money.
(Proj. 2) Article I of the U.S. constitution allows Congress to tax.
(Proj. 2) Article I of the U.S. constitution allows Congress to provide for copyrights and patents.
(Proj. 2) Article I of the U.S. constitution allows Congress the power to tax state exports (part of the Great Compromise of 1787).
(Proj. 2) Article I of the U.S. constitution allows Congress to establish a postal system.
(Proj. 2) Article I of the U.S. constitution allows Congress to create lower federal courts beneath the Supreme Court.
(Proj. 2) In Article I, Section 10, Clause 3, states are forbidden from keeping a standing army or navy. Why would the Constitution restrict a state from "keeping a standing army"?
This restriction is meant to prevent the states from assuming powers that the Constitution grants to the national government.
(Proj. 2) The Tenth Amendment reserves specific powers to the states. What are those powers?
Those powers that are not granted to the national government.Those powers not forbidden to the states and to the people of each state.
(Proj. 2) Article I of the U.S. constitution allowed Congress to prohibit the importation of slaves before 1808 even though Congress could impose a tax on the slaves (part of the Great Compromise that was struck when the Framers were writing the Constitution).
(Proj. 2) Article I of the U.S. constitution allows Congress to define and punish acts committed outside the United States and against the law of any nation.
(Proj. 2) Article I of the U.S. constitution allows Congress to declare war.
(Proj. 2) Article I of the U.S. constitution allows Congress to establish nobility because "all men are created equally.
(Proj. 2) Article I of the U.S. constitution allows Congress to make a federal crime for falsifying money like U.S. coins.
(Proj. 2) Article I of the U.S. constitution allows Congress to require state militias to be a part of the National Guard when called upon by the President.
(Q2) Which statement is NOT a disadvantage of a federal system of government?
The state governments clearly have the most power.
(Q2) The Great Depression influenced ____, causing the national government to extend its power in order to grant more aid to states.
(Q2) "Marble cake federalism" is ____.
(Q2) The formal amendment process to change or amend the Constitution is an example of federalism.
(Q2) ____ powers are those specific powers listed in the Constitution that are divided between the states and the national government.
(Q2) Match the statements with the constitutional articles.Article VArticle IArticle IVArticle VIArticle IIIArticle II
Match the statements with the constitutional articles.established the process for formally amending the Constitutionaddressed the organization, powers, and limitations of the legislative branchaddressed the powers and limitations of the state and national governmentsestablished the U.S. Constitution as the highest law of the landaddressed the court system and its jurisdictionaddressed the office, powers, and duties of the executive branch
(Q2) Only Congress is responsible for proposing and ratifying an amendment to the Constitution.
(Q2) ____ is also referred to as "picket fence federalism" and was part of President Lyndon Johnson's Great Society.
(Q2) The graphic represents the ____.(found in Article VI)(extended power of national government)(established the law of the land)
(Q2) How did the Marbury v. Madison decision concerning an executive judicial appointment impact the development of federalism?
The Supreme Court established a precedent by which it can informally amend the Constitution through interpretations of the Constitution.
(Q2) Choose the best definition of federalism.
a system of government that divides power between two sovereign entities
(Q2) Referred to as "on your own federalism," ____ shifted the balance of power to the states to make them more self-reliant in the 1980s.
(Q2) There was a strong emphasis on grants-in-aid for state governments, and Johnson's Great Society exemplified ____.
(Q2) The _____ Clause allows Congress to "stretch" its powers to make laws that are needed to carry out the powers enumerated in the Constitution.
Necessary and Proper
(Q2) Powers retained by the states only are ___ powers.
(Q2) Which statement is NOT an advantage of a federal system of government?
Discrimination of people is often more difficult to discern.
(Q2) The graphic represents the ____.(power of the national government subject to limits)(reserves power for the states)(part of the bill of rights)
(Q2) Each level of government acts independently of the other levels of government, and power is fixed and unchangeable in ____.
(Q2) How did McCulloch v. Maryland impact the development of federalism?
The court ruled that the Constitution had implied powers under the Necessary and Proper Clause, extending the power of the national government to create a bank.
(Q2) "Layered cake federalism" is ___.
(L7) What is the difference between an inherent power and an implied power?
An inherent power is a power that belongs to the government because the government is a sovereign state. The implied powers are those powers created by the Necessary and Proper Clause.
(L7) Select THREE inalienable rights according to the Declaration of Independence.
lifelibertypursuit of happiness
(L7) The ____ branch of government is charged with ensuring that civil liberties are preserved by accurately interpreting the constitutionality of laws.
(L7) Select TWO ways civil liberties differ from inalienable rights.
Civil liberties include legal rights guaranteed by the Bill of Rights; inalienable rights are basic rights all people possess.Civil liberties are those legal rights guaranteed by a written law; inalienable rights are inherent rights that cannot be taken away.
(L7) An original purpose for including the Bill of Rights in the Constitution was to ___ the national government's power.
(L7) The law described above is ___.(guaranteed due process)(guaranteed equal protection)(made states accountable for protecting civil liberties)(limited power of the states)
the Fourteenth Amendment
(L7) The Supreme Court's Roe v. Wade decision legalizing abortion rested on ___.
an interpretation of the Due Process Clause ruling that women have a right to privacy
(L7) Match the descriptions with the words.Necessary and Proper ClauseSupremacy ClauseEqual Protection ClauseDue Process Clausesubstantive due process
Match the descriptions with the words.ushered in implied powerslegal declaration that the Constitution is the highest law in the landprohibited states from discriminating against any Americancourts must treat citizens fairly; includes procedural and substantive rightschecks whether government is justified in infringing on one's natural rights
(L7) Match the descriptions with the words.procedural due processFifth AmendmentThirteenth AmendmentFourteenth AmendmentDred Scott v. SandfordMiranda v. Arizona
Match the descriptions with the words.idea that the rule of law must be followed according to the correct procedures so all citizens receive fair treatmentamendment requiring due process on the national levelabolished slaverybrought states under the same legal requirements of the Bill of Rights as the national government, preventing all from carrying out unreasonable searches and seizures overturned the Missouri Compromise and was itselfoverturned by the Fourteenth Amendment and declared unconstitutionaloverturned a conviction because of police failure to honor a citizen's Fifth and Sixth Amendment rights
(L7) Match the descriptions with the words.denigratecompensationinalienableabridgearbitrarilysocial caste
Match the descriptions with the words.to abuse a group based on identity or beliefsrepaymentinherent; cannot be surrendered or taken awayto deprive by shortening or taking awaydecided by a person rather than by a lawa social group divided from others by distinguishing features such as occupation or socioeconomic status
(L8) Analyze each hypothetical case description. Then, choose whether it involves the Establishment Clause or the Free Exercise Clause.Establishment ClauseFree Exercise ClauseEstablishment ClauseEstablishment ClauseFree Exercise Clause
Analyze each hypothetical case description. Then, choose whether it involves the Establishment Clause or the Free Exercise Clause.Students at a local public high school have organized a religious club. The school principal will not grant their request to use the school cafeteria to hold their meetings.A student at a public high school brought a Bible to read during study hall. The study hall teacher took the Bible and said that students are not allowed to bring religious texts to school.A state legislature voted to allocate funds to private religious schools to help them cover the cost of purchasing nonreligious textbooks.Just before the start of each football game, a public high school principal says a prayer over the PA system during which he prays to God for the safety of the players.During recess, an elementary student was sharing her faith with another student. The supervising teacher stopped her, saying that students were not allowed to talk about religion at school. The teacher took the student to the principal, who told her she would be suspended if she continued to talk about religion at school.
(L8) Why did the Founding Fathers desire to protect religious liberty?
Many Americans came to the New World to escape religious persecution.
(L8) Select the FIVE basic rights that the Founding Fathers included in the First Amendment.
right to join with others in public meetings, political parties, and other associations to influence public policyright to speak, publish, and express one's viewsright to petition the government at any levelright to be able to practice religion as one choosesright to the protection of religious thought
(L8) Select the TWO First Amendment clauses that protect people's rights.
Free Exercise ClauseEstablishment Clause
(L8) Select TWO facts about the Establishment Clause.
The government cannot make laws that interfere with any religious establishments.The U.S. Congress cannot enact a law regarding a national religion.
(L8) Select TWO facts about the Free Exercise Clause.
The state must remain neutral concerning individuals' religious convictions.Citizens may believe and practice whatever they choose.
(L8) Match the statements with the court cases and legislation.Van Orden v. PerryEverson v. Board of Ed. of Ewing TownshipCurran v. Broward County School BoardHearn v. Muskogee Public SchoolsEngel v. VitaleBlaine Amendment
Match the statements with the court cases and legislation.The Supreme Court ruled that a Ten Commandments monument in Texas did not imply endorsement of religion.Establishment Clause - This case involved reimbursement for children riding public buses to their private religious schools.Free Exercise Clause - The Supreme Court upheld an 8th-grader's right to pass out flyers inviting students to attend a church function.A Muslim girl was allowed to wear a hijab as an expression of religious faith.Establishment Clause - School officials may not compose a school prayer and require students to recite it.President Ulysses S. Grant attempted to forbid direct government support of schools with a religious affiliation.
(L9) Select THREE things that you would be permitted to do under the First Amendment rights to assemble and petition the government.
call your legislator about your anger over her voting record on gun controlwear a shirt protesting the government's involvement in the Iraq Warread an obscene book in your home
(L9) The Supreme Court created the ______ to protect people from prosecution for expressing unpopular views while limiting free speech if it might harm others.
clear and present danger test
(L9) Which statement is NOT a protection of freedom of the press?
The government may not respond to reports made by the press.
(L9) Select FOUR types of unprotected speech.
fighting wordsobscenityfraudulent advertisinglibel and slander
(L9) Match the statements with the court cases.Miller v. CaliforniaSchenck v. United StatesTexas v. Johnson
Match the statements with the court cases.This case resulted in a three-part test to determine obscenity.A Socialist Party member constituted a clear and present danger by mailing leaflets urging soldiers to resist the military draft.The Supreme Court ruled that burning the U.S. flag as a political statement is acceptable.
(L10) Match the statements with the amendments.Nineteenth AmendmentFifteenth AmendmentFourteenth AmendmentThirteenth Amendment
Match the statements with the amendments.granted women the right to votegranted African Americans the right to votegranted citizenship to all persons born in the United Statesabolished slavery and overturned the Dred Scott decision
(L10) The ___ was instrumental in ending legal racial discrimination in the early 20th century.
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)
(L10) Which answer is NOT an example of legal discrimination?
Rental complexes may be for adults only.
(L10) The right to vote is also known as ___.
(L10) Select TWO ways that the Civil Rights Act of 1964 advanced civil rights.
created the Equal Employment Opportunity Commissionmade discrimination in public facilities such as motels and restaurants illegal
(L10) What are the TWO ways a legal immigrant may become a citizen?
(L10) Choose the best answer using the chart to identify the court cases. (four)
Dred Scott v. Sandford
(L10) Choose the best answer using the chart to identify the court cases. (two)
Plessy v. Ferguson
(L10) Choose the best answer using the chart to identify the court cases. (three)
Brown v. Board of Education
(L10) Match the laws and court cases with the intended purposes.Voting Rights Act of 1965National Origins FormulaChinese Exclusion ActEqual Pay Act of 1963Title IX of Higher Education Act
Match the laws and court cases with the intended purposes.outlawed literacy tests and other registration prerequisitesbased immigration on percentage of each ethnic group in the United Statesprohibited immigration of a particular people group due to jealousy for a period of ten yearsprohibited wage discrimination against womenwas intended to end discrimination against women in college sports
(L10) Match the laws and court cases with the intended purposes.Equal Opportunity Credit Act of 1974Indian Citizenship Act of 1924Indian Civil Rights Act of 1968Gideon v. WainwrightImmigration Reform & Control Act of 1986
Match the laws and court cases with the intended purposes.prohibited discrimination against women seeking to borrow money or charge cardscitizenship was granted to Native Americansextended civil rights to Native Americansright to representation that all Americans have when facing criminal chargesthreatens employers who hire illegal residents with heavy fines; might discourage employers from hiring Hispanic American citizens
(L10) What is the difference between jus soli and jus sanguinis?
AMVMy answer: Jus Soli ("law of the soil"), can determine one's citizenship. Children born to illegal immigrants in the United States are granted citizenship; while Jus Sanguinis— "law of the blood" means that congress grants a child born outside of the United States American citizenship if one of the parents is an American citizen and has lived in the United States.
(L10) Describe how expatriation differs from denaturalization.
AMVMy answer: Expatriation is renouncing one's citizenship; Denaturalization is when naturalized citizens may be stripped of citizenship by a court order in cases of fraud or deception.
(L10) What was the goal of the dream that Martin Luther King Jr. had?
AMVMy answer: That one day this nation will rise up and live up to its creed, 'We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men are created equal.'
(Q3) Which answer is NOT an inalienable right according to the Declaration of Independence?
(Q3) The ____ Clause states that the U.S. Constitution is the highest law in the land.
(Q3) The ____ greatly advanced civil rights by prohibiting both discrimination in public places and job discrimination.
Civil Rights Act of 1964
(Q3) Jus soli defines citizenship by the "law of the ________.
(Q3) A(n) ______ power belongs to the government because the government is sovereign.
(Q3) An act passed in 1882 banned _____ immigrants from entering the United States.
(Q3) _______ liberties are legal rights protected by written law.
(Q3) The ____ Clause gives the government implied powers that allow it to carry out its expressed powers.
Necessary and Proper
(Q3) The First Amendment's Establishment Clause and ____ Clause protect the rights of citizens pertaining to the freedom of religion.
(Q3) The voluntary renouncing of one's citizenship is _____.
(Q3) The ____ Clause protects a citizen's right to freedom of religion and prevents the government from endorsing a national religion.
(Q3) Match the descriptions with the constitutional amendments.Fifteenth AmendmentThirteenth AmendmentFourteenth AmendmentFirst AmendmentFifth AmendmentNineteenth Amendment
Match the descriptions with the constitutional amendments.recognized the right of African-American men to voteabolished slaveryexpanded citizenship to all persons born or naturalized in the United Statesfreedom of religion, speech, press, assembly, and petitionright of due processrecognized women's right to vote
(Q3) Match the descriptions with the constitutional amendments.separate but equalSchenck v. United StatesBrown v. Board of EducationMiranda v. ArizonaDred Scott v. SandfordVan Orden v. Perry
Match the descriptions with the constitutional amendments.established the separate but equal doctrineestablished the clear and present danger test used to determine the constitutionality of free speechoverturned separate but equal doctrine established by an earlier decisionaffirmed the right to legal counsel as part of procedural due processdenied slaves citizenship and overturned the 1820 Missouri Compromiseruled that a Ten Commandments monument on the Texas State Capitol grounds did not constitute endorsement of a religion
(Q3) The ____ Clause of the First Amendment protects the right of citizens to meet and make political plans to challenge current government leaders in the next election.
(Q3) ______ is the process of stripping citizenship from a naturalized citizen.
(Q3) Title IX of the Higher Education Act and the Equal Opportunity Credit Act of 1974 advanced the rights of ____.
(Q3) Choose T if the right is protected by the First Amendment or F if by another amendment.FTFTT
Choose T if the right is protected by the First Amendment or F if by another amendment.right against unreasonable searches and seizures without reasonable causeright to join with others in public meetings, political parties, and other associations to influence public policyright to own a firearmright to petition the government at any levelright to speak, publish, and express one's views
(Q3) Jus sanguinis defines citizenship by the "law of the ________.
(Q3) The ____ Clause ensures that legal proceedings are carried out fairly and do not infringe upon a person's rights to life, liberty, or property.
(PT) The _____ is the introduction to the Constitution.
(PT) The ___ called for a unicameral Congress similar to the one under the Articles of Confederation.
New Jersey Plan
(PT) The best title for the diagram would be ____. (federalism is evidenced...)
[Dual Federalism: Separate Government]
(PT) The voluntary surrendering of citizenship is _______.
(PT) According to the ____, Congress could not pass any legislation against the slave trade for 20 years.
Commerce and Slave Trade Compromise
(PT) Match the statements with the constitutional clauses.Supremacy ClauseDue Process ClauseNecessary and Proper ClauseFree Exercise ClauseEstablishment Clause
Match the statements with the constitutional clauses.This clause affirms that the Constitution is the highest law in the United States.This ensures that a person's rights to life, liberty, and property are not infringed upon during legal proceedings.Congress has implied powers that it can use to carry out its expressed powers.This First Amendment clause protects the rights of citizens to assemble peacefully and to petition the government for change.The government is not allowed to endorse or form a national religion, or interfere in citizens' religious beliefs and practices.
(PT) Select the type of federalism best described by the graphic.(nat. gov. ((policy)) st. gov)
(PT) Match the amendments with the rights guaranteed.191013141551
Match the amendments with the rights guaranteed.women's right to votereserved powers to the stateabolished slaverydefined citizenship by expanding it to all persons naturalized or born in the United Statesmale African Americans' right to votefreedom of expression, press, religion, petition, and assemblydue process in legal proceedings
(PT) The duties, responsibilities, and powers of the legislature are outlined in _______.
(PT) What was the lasting impact of the Civil Rights Act of 1964?
It created the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission to investigate unfair employment policies and prohibited discrimination on the basis of race, color, or national origin in public facilities.
(PT) The 1882 Chinese ______ Act prohibited Chinese immigrants from entering the United States.
(PT) _______ is a rule of citizenship involving to whom one is born.
(PT) The ____ called for a bicameral Congress with equal representation in the upper house and representation by population in the lower house.
This diagram refers to the type of federalism during ___.(picket fence)
President Lyndon Johnson's Great Society
(PT) ____ is remembered as the father of the Constitution and a major supporter of the Bill of Rights.
(PT) The ____ based representation on state population and monetary support.
(PT) Select the type of federalism best described by the graphic.(nat. gov. ((blank)) st. gov.)
(PT) Which rule was applied in order for the Constitution to be approved?
It had to receive approval from three-fourths (nine) of the states.
(PT) Article IV defines limits to the powers reserved to the states while ______ established the supremacy of the Constitution.
(PT) The first ten amendments of the U.S. Constitution are referred to as the _________.
Bill of Rights
(PT) _____ is a system of government that divides power between two sovereign entities.
(PT) Which answer is NOT a part of the Constitution?
list of grievances
(PT) Fearing a strong central government, the ____ opposed the ratification of the Constitution.
Match the descriptions with the Supreme Court cases. (66/100)Dred Scott v. StanfordMiranda v. ArizonaMarbury v. MadisonBrown v. Board of EducationPlessy v. FergusonSchenck v. United States
Match the descriptions with the Supreme Court cases.denied citizenship to slaves but was later overturned by the Thirteenth Amendmentaffirmed right to legal representation as part of procedural due processestablished that the Supreme Court interpretations can informally amend the Constitutionestablished the separate but equal doctrine that shaped segregation laws for decades afterwardsoverturned the separate but equal doctrine established by an earlier decisionestablished that the government could impose reasonable limits on free speech if those words could pose a clear and present danger to the country
(PT) ___________ provides for the methods by which formal changes can be made in the Constitution.