Criminal Justice


a secret plan by a group to do something unlawful or harmful


the act of requesting or strongly urging someone to do something


A serious criminal offense punishable by a prison sentence of more than one year


less serious crimes usually punishable by a sentence in a local jail

mens rea

criminal intent

case law

the rules of law announced in court decisions

civil law

A law that governs relationships between individuals and defines their legal rights.

administrative law

the body of law that regulates the operation and procedures of government agencies.

criminal law

A law that defines crimes against the public order.

procedural law

Rules that define the manner in which the rights and duties of individuals may be enforced.


the crime of betraying one's country


the killing of one person by another

first degree murder

killing that is premeditated, deliberate, and done with malice

second degree murder

killing that is done with malice, but without premeditation or deliberation

voluntary manslaughter

A homicide in which the intent to kill was present in the mind of the offender, but malice was lacking.

involuntary manslaughter

killing in which there is no intent to kill at all

negligent homicide

causing death through criminal negligence


the act of intentionally taking one's own life


the act of painlessly killing a suffering person or animal; mercy killing


falsely making or materially altering a writing to defraud another


Desire to harm others


considered beforehand