American history unit 1 part 1

What were the requirements for receiving land under the Homestead Act?


Who were the exodusters?

Migrants, most who were former slaves, who left the South after the Civil War, and moved west.

How were conflicts between homesteaders and American Indians resolved in the wake of the Homestead Act?

The American government forced American Indians to leave the land.

What did the Chinese Exclusion Act do?

First law restricting immigration from China for ten years.

How were Mexican Americans discriminated against?


What impact did the expansion of railroads in the West have on the American Indians who lived there?

They were displaced from their tribal lands.

The government's continuous changing of American Indian policy caused?

Distrust of the federal government among American Indians.

One of the main problems with the Indian reservation system was that government agents?

Did not understand the power structure of American Indian tribes.

In the reservation system, American Indian tribes were confined to assigned land with?

defined borders

Many Plains Indians had trouble living on the reservations because they were

Nomadic hunters

What was one provision of the Dawes Act of 1887?

To divide and distribute land to American Indians.

Supporters of the Dawes Act said the act would help American Indians to

Become farmers

What was the aim of the Dawes Act?

To strongly encourage American Indians to become farmers

Why was the Dawes Act passed?

The Dawes Act was passed to make American Indians property owners and to open up more land for white settlers

What is assimilation?

Being completely absorbed into another culture, take on their characteristics.

To promote assimilation, American Indian children were

Forbidden to speak their native language

Under the Indian Appropriation Act,

American Indian tribes were no longer considered to be independent nations

How did the policy of allotment impact American Indians?

Many American Indian families received one hundred sixty acres of land.

Under the allotment system, many American Indian families

made an effort to succeed at farming but often failed

Why is the Battle of Little Bighorn sometimes referred to as "Custer's Last Stand"?

The Battle of Little Bighorn resulted in the death of General Custer and all two hundred of his troops.

The conflict between the Sioux and U.S military at Wounded Knee marked

The final battle in the American Indian Wars