Special Education

Related Services

Supports that are not directly related to a student's instruction but that are needed so that a student can access instruction are:

Supplemental Aids and Services

Preferential seating, computer access, and a on-on-one teaching assistant are examples of:

Separate cannot be equal

The 1954 Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas, decision resulted in which of the following:

P.L. 94-142 Education of the Handicapped Act

Which is considered the "basis for all subsequent special education practice

Zero Reject

Mr. Edwards is a single dad whose son has recently been diagnosed with Tourette's syndrome. He will begin kindergarten in the fall. Mr. Edwards knows that by law his is entitled to specialized instruction, related services, and supplemental aids and services. Mr. Edwards and his son are guaranteed these rights by which provisions of IDEA?

More than one test is used to assess the presence of a disability

Based on the section of IDEA concerning nondiscriminatory evaluation, which statement is true?

Information regarding a student with a disability may not be shared with anyone who is not directly working with the student.

As Mrs. Vanstory read over the transcript of one of her new students, Audrey, she was amazed. Audrey had a long and colorful history of medication difficulties and multiple behavioral challenges. Mrs. Vanstory later called her close friend who was also a teacher (at another school) and proceeded to tell her Audrey's history. How did she violate the rights of both Audrey and her family?


IDEA was most recently reauthorized in:

Americans with Disabilities Act

By far, the most comprehensive legislation protecting the rights of individuals with disabilities, no matter their age, is:

Students who are gifted, students with ADHD, and students who are at risk for school failure

What groups of students are NOT specifically included in IDEA?

federal legislation

The term Inclusion does not appear in:

educate all students so that they can reach their potential

Inclusion is described as a belief system that focuses on the responsibility to:

Universal Design for Learning

Ms. Eddy has been teaching eighth grade for five years. She has learned that planning lessons from the beginning to meet a wide range of diverse learners is the most effective and time efficient way to plan. Ms. Eddy is demonstrating which concept?

Differentiated Instruction

Ms. Manno verbally explains concepts, illustrates those concepts through the use of pictures and demonstrations, and gives students a variety of activities from which to choose to practice those concepts and demonstrate understanding. She is demonstrating:

Positive behavior supports

Marty's dysfunctional behavior is so severe he is no longer able to learn alongside his peers. Which would be the most appropriate intervention to decrease Marty's dysfunctional behavior?

positive terms

work at your desk is an example of:

Response to intervention

a positive trend that may contribute to reducing disproportionate representation in special education is

Bilingual special education teacher

students who have disabilities and whose first language is NOT English sometimes receive their special education services from a:

special behavior management techniques

bilingual special education teachers generally have expertise in each of the following except:

school psychologist

professionals who are licensed to administer intelligence tests and other assessment used in determining whether a student is eligible to receive special education services is a:

Intervention assistance team

Mrs. Byrd needs assistance. In spite of her efforts to use a variety of strategies to assist Donna in math, she continues to lag behind her classmates. Donna is becoming increasingly frustrated and often cries during math, Mrs. Byrd decides to ask that Donna's case be reviewed by the:

Response to Intervention

a new option for addressing serious student learning problems that may indicate a learning disability is:

reading and math problems

tier 1 interventions are most often used with

small-group instruction several times a week

tier 2 interventions generally involve

annual review

mr. fuentas called sarah's parents to schedule a meeting to update information on sarah's learning progress and to set goals for the upcoming year. this type of meeting is call an:

the school has the services needed by the student

the multidisciplinary team does not determine that

annual goal

jenna will increase her decoding and reading comprehension from a first grade level to a second grade level is an example of an

present level of performance

which IEP component comprises achievement test scores, teacher ratings of student behavior, and scores on specialized assessments?

must be include on the IEP

how a student's progress in meeting goals and objectives will be measured

emotional disturbance

the term used in IDEA for emotional and behavioral disorders is:

conduct disorder

the most common type of social maladjustment is

mood disorder

which of the following is also called affective disorders

2 times

how much likely are African american students to receive special education services for this disability than are students overall?

boys are diagnosed three or more times more than girls

which of the following statements are true regarding the prevalence of emotional and behavior disorders and boys and girls

biological factors

genetics, environmental toxins, accidents, and illness are examples of:


what percent of children and adolescents in the US experience depression?


during which stage of the assessment for special education services do general education teachers frequently implement behavior reward systems and other strategies, request input from a team of other professionals, and implement response to intervention procedures to address student behavior problems?

rating scales

which of the following is an example of classroom assessment

strength-based assessment

measuring a student's social and emotional strength, the characteristic that gives them confidence, and the traits that help them cope with adversity refers to


what is the estimated dropout rate of students with emotional and behavior disorders

duration recording

a record of the length of time a behavior occurred is

implement a specific intervention

a functional behavior assessment involves each of the following steps EXCEPT

economic status

which of the following demographic characteristics form a barrier to partnerships between families of children with emotional and behavior disorders and professionals

less than 20 percent

of the 14 million youth diagnosed with mental illness, how many actually receive services?


what occurs when a student is involuntarily confined to a room, left alone, and prevented from leaving


the identification of intellectual disability is made only if the condition is present by the time the student is how old

prader-willi syndrome

compulsive eating is a characteristic associated with

fetal alcohol syndrome

what isn't a postnatal cause of an intellectual disability

the extent of their intellectual impairment

in traditional classification sysems, individuals with intellectual disabilities are grouped based on


in which category would jake be placed considering his IQ is 28 and he has low adaptive ability?

Interacting appropriatley

cognitive functioning includes each of the following except:


has difficulty remembering the rules and gives up easily if he is not good at a certain game or skill, this falls under what category


immature behaviors, often misinterpret others' actions, resulting in rejection by their peers, this falls under what category

learning to type on the computer

what is not an example of adaptive behaviors in which a student must display deficits to be indentified as having an intellectual disability

school psychologist

who administers the tests given to these students


IQ must be under what to qualify for special education services

applied academic skills

students who are using real money to practice making change are demonstrating

high school

which group of students is most likely to be educated primarily in special education settings

life skills curriculum

learning how to successfully complete and application is an example of

traditional thinking favoring seperate placement

what factor strongly influences inlcusive practices for students with intellectual disabilites

task analysis

the instructional strategy that ensures systematic learning is called

peer tutoring

putting a child in with learning buddy during science centers in order to help meet her unique needs.

culture and religion

what are two factors that affect parent's reactions

expectations for high stakes testing and the right for students to make their own decisions

two current issues within this field

with variations in activities and assignments, these students are capable of learning far more than those supporting alternative curricula have assumed.

critics of increasing inclusion of students with intellectual disabilities in general education settings are each of the following except:

requiring a traditional high school diploma as a condition of eligibility for financial aid

the higher education opportunity act removed the barrier of

cold mothers

an early belief of the cause of autism was

pervasive developmental disorder

autism used to be one of the subcategories of

4 times higher in males than in females

the prevalence of ASD is


what percentage of students with autism are nonverbal?


some students with ADHD may receive special education services when their disorder is significant enough that they are indentified as having an :


_____ refers to the way in which professionals interact with each other and with parents or family members as they work together to educate students with disabilities

continuous progress monitoring

the ongoing use of data to determine whether a student is responding to the interventions being implemented is referred to as:


IDEA requires that all states offer ___ at no cost to parents as another early formal step in resolving differences

Strengths based

____ assessment refers to measuring students social and emotional strengths, the characteristics that give them confidence, and the traits that help them cope with diversity

behavior intervention plan

based on the hypothesis the team makes, the next task is to create a ______, a set of strategies designed to address the function of the behavior in order to change it.

restraint and seclusion

_________ and ________ is such a controversial topic that the US department of Educations in 2012 produced a resource document concerning its use.

community based instruction

__________ is experience in applying skills learned in the classroom within the larger context of the community in which students live.

classwide peer tutoring

___________ assumes that peer tutoring should be reciprocal- that all participating students should have opportunities to be both the teacher and the learner

rote memory

_________ is the ability to easily remember things without necessarily knowing what they mean

developmental disability

because autism spectrum disorder is considered a ___________ comprehensive assessment also must include asking parents about fine- and gross-motor skill development, language development and other areas.

home-school collaboration

for successful inclusion, educators and parents must work together in a strong partnership to ensure that a comprehensive program is implemented for the student with an autism spectrum disorder and that the skills the student learns at school are generalized at home an din the community in a process called _______

research based

just as for other disability areas, concern exists in the field of autism spectrum disorder to find effective and ______________ approaches for teaching students