human behavior cognitive part 2 behaviorism vocab

key theorists

john watson, ivan pavolov, bf skinner for behavioral theory and albert bandura for social learning theory

behaviorism overview

Challenged the principles of psychoanalysis; if we can't observe 'mental' or 'psychic phemena, why bother trying to explain behavior in such terms
Focus on observable behaviors rather than the unconscious
Short term treatment, clear oals, and rapid change

key principles of behaviorism

Genetics play a role but individual differences are primarily derived from differing experiences (ie. The child's pro-social behavior was reinforceed by his parents by his parents and teachers vs the child who had little/no reinforcement)
Behavior is lear

john watson and little albert

Put through expeirments as a baby to make him fearful of rabbits
Introduced him to a variety of animals like the rabbit and realized he was engaging typically with a new thing, ok with it at first.
They started to couple the introduction of the animal wit

ivan pavlov

Born 1949
Russian physiologist
Intially educted in a seminary, he left his religious career to devote his life to science
Studied the physiology of digestion which led him to study the reflex regulation of the digestive glands (how saliva is produced when

pavlovs theory classical condtioning

A way to explain all aspects of human psychology
Famous research on dogs- a neutral stimulus (metronome sound) was coupled with the presentation of food (meat paste); overtime, the sound of the metronome alone would provoke salivation

classical condtioning key terms

Presented food with bell. Present this over and over again to point where they can remove the food and upon bell the salviate. The combined uncondtioned stimulsu with a neural stimulus to create a condtioned response
Uncondtione d stimulus- food

classical condtioning: practice examples

A teacher attempts to reduce student anxiety about performing role plays in class by explaining how fun role plays are! Couplign role plays with 'fun' yeields a decrease in anxiety. Trying to decondtion anxiety when thinking about role play.
Teaching a cl

radical behavorism: bf skinner

What happens after an interaction matters, if a kindgergartin raises hher hand and gets postiviely reinforced for engagement and with consitency from teacher you learn that school is fun and you like academics and you want to be invovled because the situa

bf skinner

- Born in 1904 in susquehanna, pa
- Son of a laywer and housewife
- Spent most of his childhood buildign contraptions, like a flotation system that separate ripe from green berries
- Attended hamilton college and wanted to be a writer, then stumbled on so

skinners radical behavorism theory with operant reinforcement theory and focus of learning

Not exactly a humanist! Believed that human free will was an illusion all behavior was the consequence of previous behavior
Operant reinforcement theory: bheavior is determined by the events that follow the behavior
Drawing on pavlov's principles of class

radical behavorism major terms

Reinforcement: behvaior that is reinforced will be repeated and behavior that is not will be extinguished (can be positive and negative) negative reinforcement is removal of a positive stimulus
Neural doperants: neither increase nor decrease the probabilt

behavorism real world practice example

Every time a student participants in class, they get a piece of candy (positive reinforcement)
Every time a student participants withotu raising their hand, the teacher takes the student's candy away (negative reinforcement
Every time a student calls out

intensive exposure therapy abc video

Case example of classical condtioning example
Women doesn't want to go through subway. Once she goes through stalls she cant because then she has to commit to going through and takeing subway
She begins anxiety therapy to handle thoughts during panic atta

behavorism in ation video expsure theray and aba

Exposure therapy
Implsovie therapy (flloding)
Progressive muscle relxation
Guided imagery
Social skills training
Paradoixal intention
Aba: applied behavioral analysis

behaviroism questions that arise

What types of problems/clients may be successfully treated with behavioral therapies?
Pros/cons of behaviorally focused treatment? Will all clients respond to positive and negative reinforcment? Punishment? Why/why not?
Aba requires stellar consistency. D

albert bandura

Born in a very small candian town in 1925
Attneded a small school with only two teachers, which led him to take an active role in advancing his education
Started out as a biology major in college then took a psychologicy class as a 'filler course,' which

banduras social lerning theory

Thought bandura is typically categorized as a behaviorist, he never felt that he fit into his category
Social learning theory: people learn within their social context; learning is facilitated through modeling and observation. Social learning theorists 'r

banduras research

People learn through observation
Bobo doll: kids watch women beat doll and then kids when left with bobo doll they hit it, learned they were supposed to take aggression out on, his theory began with this study
Learning does not necessarily lead to behavio

the brain a secret history video

How much of what we do and feel is learned from other people?
In 1961 bandura sought out how watching ifnleunces behavior
Bandura choose to study aggression
At time widespread view was watchign aggression reduced violence but he questioned this
To find ou

why blamign video games for iolence is wrong opinion video

Video games are everywhere taking the blame for society ills like school shootings
Opinion video with research
President urged america 'to stop using violent video games'
Leets stop vilijzning violent video games, person talking has over 2 million on his

discussion social learning theory and vioelnce (more in notes)

Bandura believed that aggression renforced by family members was the most prevalent type of modeling behavior Yes playing violent games can model but how the family tatlks about what is modeled and emphasize/reinforce whats wrong and right can show hos it

cognitive beahvorial theory

Aaron beck Born in rhode island, the son of russian jewish immigrants
Four children: judith beck is a psychologica/clinican in the cbt trdition (present of beck institine in philly))
Attened brown u and yale medical school
Psychiatrist and proessor emerit

essential terms and concepts of cognitive bfehavioral theory

Thoughts, behaviors and feeligns are all connected
Intenrveitons are at the level of thougth and/or behavior
Core beliefss: beleifs that serve the basis for screening, cateogrizing, and itnerpreting the world (ie. If my core belief is that inm unlovalbe)

cbt traid

Thoughts feelings and behaviors inform one another
Intervn at level of thought of behavior
Behaviors: escape form the situation avoid it in the future > thoughts: I cand do this what is wrong with me? Everyone is looking at me > feelings: I feel anxious I

practice example social phobbia/ panic disorder

Problem: a student's fear of public speaking
Feelings (physiological and psychological): heart palpitations, sweaty palms, lump in throat, trouble breathing, dizziness, feelings of fear, anxiety, panic tension
Thoughts: "if I speak in public, others will

interventions reframing thoughts

Identify negative thoughts challenge hem and repalce with positive messages change the perspective
'I may feel anxiosu but that doesn't mean others will ntoice.' 'anxiety is a feeling and it will pass.' 'ive never faintee boefre in public so why should it

weakness of cbt discussion

If you arent willing to put work in over time then it might not be successfully. When reframing thoughts some clients migth hear you are telling me its simple as changing my thoughts don't you know ive been thinking my thoughts for 30 years. Easy to think