NUTR 4349 EXAM 1 FOOD AG POLICY

Legislative & executive branch committees and agencies involved in food/ag policy

Government Accountability Office (GAO); Congressional Research Service (CRS); Congressional Budget Office (CBO)

Major Provisions of the 2018 Farm Bill with Nutrition Impact

Farm subsidies ; SNAP ; Conservation program ; Legalization of hemp

Funding for farmers markets, local food programs, veteran, and minority farmers

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Updates to SNAP

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Updates to Food Distribution Programs - know what the programs are that are outlined on slides

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Commodity Supplemental Food Program; (CSFP)

mainly supplies supplemental food packages to low income elderly - reauthorized

Food Distribution Program on Indian Reservations (FDPIR)

Provides commodities (instead of SNAP) to low income households on Indian reservations - expands federal funding and increases flexibility

Emergency Food Assistance Program (TEFAP)

provides food commodities and cash through states to food banks - increased funding

What is the Thrifty Food Plan?

Specifies foods and amounts of foods to provide adequate nutrition

What is a farm resource region and which 2 provide most of the agricultural value added to the US economy?

9 regions in the U.S based on climate and production patterns; Heartland and Fruitful Rim provide 25% EACH of the agricultural value added to the U.S. economy

The types of farm based on ownership and gross cash farm income

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Major cash commodity crops and animals/industry groups

What are they? Cotton, wheat, corn, soybeans, rice; Who is mainly producing them? Large family farms

Differences among ag price supports

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What sustainability is and why it matters

It requires maintaining resource space that agriculture depends on (ex: land, water); Matters because: with a growing population, limited resources, and environmental impact of production it can be difficult to manage sustainability for agriculture

What does organic mean and what types of labels are allowed

Organic: up to 5% nonorganic ingredients allowed by National List

What is the dirty dozen? The clean fifteen? (you don't have to memorize the list - just know what they are)

Dirty dozen: most amount of pesticides (sub for destroying insects/harmful organisms); Clean 15: least amount of pesticides

What is bioengineering and what are the major bioengineered crops?

Bioengineering: crop or agricultural product altered by biological engineering for drought resistance, increased growth, and resistant to pests; Crops: Corn, soybeans, cotton, sugarbeets, canola

Know what Herbicide Tolerant and Insect Resistant mean

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What is the Codex Alimentarius is and its significance?

Internationally recognized standards, guidelines, codes of practice for all foods and food products; Significance: To protect consumer health and promote fair practices