Legislative & executive branch committees and agencies involved in food/ag policy
Government Accountability Office (GAO); Congressional Research Service (CRS); Congressional Budget Office (CBO)
Major Provisions of the 2018 Farm Bill with Nutrition Impact
Farm subsidies ; SNAP ; Conservation program ; Legalization of hemp
Funding for farmers markets, local food programs, veteran, and minority farmers
Updates to SNAP
Updates to Food Distribution Programs - know what the programs are that are outlined on slides
Commodity Supplemental Food Program; (CSFP)
mainly supplies supplemental food packages to low income elderly - reauthorized
Food Distribution Program on Indian Reservations (FDPIR)
Provides commodities (instead of SNAP) to low income households on Indian reservations - expands federal funding and increases flexibility
Emergency Food Assistance Program (TEFAP)
provides food commodities and cash through states to food banks - increased funding
What is the Thrifty Food Plan?
Specifies foods and amounts of foods to provide adequate nutrition
What is a farm resource region and which 2 provide most of the agricultural value added to the US economy?
9 regions in the U.S based on climate and production patterns; Heartland and Fruitful Rim provide 25% EACH of the agricultural value added to the U.S. economy
The types of farm based on ownership and gross cash farm income
Major cash commodity crops and animals/industry groups
What are they? Cotton, wheat, corn, soybeans, rice; Who is mainly producing them? Large family farms
Differences among ag price supports
What sustainability is and why it matters
It requires maintaining resource space that agriculture depends on (ex: land, water); Matters because: with a growing population, limited resources, and environmental impact of production it can be difficult to manage sustainability for agriculture
What does organic mean and what types of labels are allowed
Organic: up to 5% nonorganic ingredients allowed by National List
What is the dirty dozen? The clean fifteen? (you don't have to memorize the list - just know what they are)
Dirty dozen: most amount of pesticides (sub for destroying insects/harmful organisms); Clean 15: least amount of pesticides
What is bioengineering and what are the major bioengineered crops?
Bioengineering: crop or agricultural product altered by biological engineering for drought resistance, increased growth, and resistant to pests; Crops: Corn, soybeans, cotton, sugarbeets, canola
Know what Herbicide Tolerant and Insect Resistant mean
What is the Codex Alimentarius is and its significance?
Internationally recognized standards, guidelines, codes of practice for all foods and food products; Significance: To protect consumer health and promote fair practices