cell division

reproduction, 2 genetically identical daughter cells = result


structures that contain most of cell's DNA

asexual reproduction

the creation of genetically identical offspring by a single parent, without a sperm or egg

sexual reproduction

requires fertilization of an egg by sperm

binary fission

A form of asexual reproduction in single-celled organisms by which one cell divides into two cells of the same size, means "dividing in half


genetic complex made of equal amounts of DNA and protein, proteins maintain structure + control gene activity

sister chromatids

duplicates of each other, each chromatid is half of a chromosome


region at which chromatids are tightly cinched and attached along

cell cycle

An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell


where most of the cycle is spent in, metabolic activity = high + cell performs normal functions (growing phase)

mitotic phase

cell physically divides