Glencoe World History Chapter 1


the period of time before writing was invented


the study of past societies based on what people left behind


objects made by humans


the study of human life and culture


rocklife remains of biological organisms


a humanlike creature that walked upright

Olduvai Gorge

where Louis and Mary Leaky found the oldest remains of humans. The nickname of the "human" was "Lucy


southern ape", or better known as "Lucy

Homo sapiens sapiens

wise, wise humans

out-of-Africa" theory

The theory that Homo sapiens sapiens appeared in Arica between 150,000 and 200,000 years ago and that they probably spread out of Africa to other parts of the world about 100,000 years ago, replacing populations of earlier honinids in Europe and Asia.

Paleolithic Age

Used to designate the early period of human history (approximately 2,500,000 B.C. to 10,000 B.C.) in which humans used simple stone tools. Means "old stone

Neolithic Revolution

The revolution that occurred in the Neolithic Age, the period of human history from 8000 to 4000 B.C.

Systematic agriculture

the keeping of animals and the growing of food on a regular basis`


the adaptation of animals for human use.


inhabitants of present-day Mexico and Central America


one of the first Neolithic villages (located in modern day Turkey) that existed between 6700 B.C. and 5700 B.C. and had about 6,000 inhabitants


skilled workers that made goods for trade with neighboring people

Bronze Age

a period of time form 3000 B.C. to 1200 B.C., during which people began using bronze, rather than copper or stone, to fashion tools and weapons

Iron Age

A period of time following the Bronze age in which tools and weapons were made out of iron, about 1000 B.C.


the way of life


a complex culture in which large numbers of human beings share a number of common elements


kings or queens who rule a kingdom


an important and powerful person who supervised rituals aimed at pleasing the gods and goddesses