Chapter 28 and 29

The immediate cause for the outbreak of
World War I was

the assassination of Austrian Archduke
Franz Ferdinand.

The influence of technology on modern warfare
is demonstrated by all of these developments
in World War I EXCEPT:

mechanized warfare as demonstrated
during the Blitzkrieg.

It was inevitable that conflict in Europe would
become a world war because

the European combatants had colonies
and forces around the world.

The biggest battles outside of Europe during
World War I occurred in

the Middle East, where the Turks fought
Britain, Russia, and France.

The earliest result of World War I was the

rise of the United States as a great power

The principle of Woodrow Wilson that influenced
future decolonization was

popular self-determination.

The Indian National Congress Party

was initially loyal to the British rulers and
primarily concerned with the interests
of the Indian elite.

Which of the following statements concerning
British administration of India in the last
decades of the 19th century is most accurate?

British emphasis on the production of
cash crops such as jute, cotton, and
indigo led to shortages of food production
in India.

Who was the first Indian leader with a genuine
mass following?

B. G. Tilak

Egyptian nationalism differed from that of
India because

it originated in the precolonial period.

The series of treaties that ended World War I was negotiated at
Select one:

Versailles

The British promised support for a Jewish settlement in the Middle East in the
Select one:

Balfour Declaration.

Which of the following was NOT included in the final set of treaties that ended World War I?
Select one:

Russia was rewarded for its service to the Allies by the grant of substantial territories in Poland and the Baltic republics.

By 1915, conflict on the Western Front
Select one:

had settled into a deadly stalemate in which hundreds of thousands of lives were expended for a few feet of trench.

Which of the following groups did NOT benefit from the British economic reforms in Egypt?
Select one:

The peasants

What nationalist movement pioneered patterns of decolonization and European retreat?

India

In what region of India was the terrorist movement most concentrated before World War I?

Bengal

Which of the following statements concerning the leadership of the decolonization movement in India just prior to World War I is most correct?

Tilak's removal and the repression campaigns against terrorists, along with British reforms, strengthened the hands of the Western-educated moderates in the Congress Party.

In 1885, regional associations of Western-educated Indians came together to form the

Indian National Congress Party.

What British political officer dominated government policy in Egypt after 1882 and pushed for economic reforms intended to reduce the Khedival debt?

Lord Cromer

During World War I, the Ottoman Empire

long attached to German military advisors, joined Germany in the war effort.

Which of the following was NOT a feature of war on home fronts between 1914 and 1919?

Strict government regulation prevented material shortages and famine.

What was the Dinshawai incident?

The accidental shooting of the wife of a Muslim prayer leader by British officers

By 1913, the British

granted a constitution to Egyptian nationalists.

What British reform in 1909 provided educated Indians with expanded opportunities both to elect and to serve on local and all-India legislative councils?

The Morley-Minto reforms

Approximately how long did World War I last?

About four years

The radical wing of the Congress Party under B. G. Tilak proposed what formula as the basis for the party's political program?
Select one:

An appeal to conservative Hinduism, including boycotts of British goods, full independence, use of Hindu festivals as opportunities for rallies, and opposition to women's education

The British first occupied Egypt following the Orabi revolt in

1882.

Who was the first Indian nationalist leader with a genuine mass following?

B. G. Tilak

In what year did the German forces on the Western Front agree to end the fighting?

1918

What group within Egypt took up the cause of national independence and decolonization?

Sons of the effendi

Which of the following statements concerning the early nationalist movements of Africa is most accurate?

The early leadership of pan-African organizations was more often American and West Indian than African

Germany's leaders counted on what to help them overwhelm the Belgians and French?

Their country's superb railway system

What two European powers were directly involved in the Balkan diplomacy?

Russia and Austria-Hungary

On the Italian front, the primary combatants were Italy and

Austria-Hungary

Which of the following countries did NOT have colonies outside Europe at the outbreak of the war?

Austria-Hungary

Approximately how many soldiers died as a result of the carnage of World War I?

10 million

As a direct consequence of the war

women's participation in the labor force increased greatly

Before their surrender, the German generals running the government

installed a new civilian government to shoulder the blame of defeat.

The sea warfare during World War I consisted largely of

German submarine warfare.

Which nation joined the Triple Entente alliance in the early 1900s (and to complete the alliance)?

Britain

What was the region of Europe that produced the most diplomatic crises prior to World War I?

The Balkans

British occupation of Egypt meant double colonization, by the British and

the Turks.

Between 1914 and 1917, warfare on the Eastern Front

was as bloody as the Western Front.

Which of the following was NOT an event leading to the outbreak of World War I?

France's invasion of Belgium

What was the outcome of the Dinshawai incident in Egypt?

Mass support, including the emergence of ayan allegiance, for the national cause grew in Egypt.

Egypt is the one country in the Afro-Asian world in which

the emergence of nationalism preceded European conquest and domination.

Prior to World War I, what was the primary difference between Egyptian and the Indian nationalist movements?

In India a single political party dominated the nationalist movement, but in Egypt a variety of rival parties proliferated.

What nation profited most by warfare in Asia between 1914 and 1919?

Japan

Which of the following statements concerning the global aspects of World War I is most accurate?

American businessmen prior to 1917 profited by selling goods to both sides and by taking advantage of European distractions to seize new world markets.

Which of the following is NOT a reason for the quick suppression of the Russian armies during the first weeks of the war?

Destruction of the Russian fleet at Leningrad

By 1917 the war on the Eastern Front

led to a major revolution in Russia that toppled the tsarist government.

By the last years of the 19th century, the Congress Party in India was appealing to

investors and businessmen.

Which of the following statements concerning the position of the early Congress Party in India is most accurate?

It was loyal to the British rulers and primarily concerned with interests of the Indian elite.

What made colonial regimes particularly vulnerable to challenges from within in the late 19th and early 20th centuries?

Colonial governments were built in collaboration with indigenous elite groups

A large portion of the government of India's budget went to all of the following EXCEPT

state support for the development of Indian industries.

What foreign power played a major factor in Chinese domestic history from the mid-1890s to 1945?

Japan

The Chinese Nationalist Party received much of its early foreign assistance from

Soviet Russia.

In 1920 who was elected, bringing the Mexican Revolution to a close?

Alvaro Obregon

The initial goal of the May Fourth movement was

the creation of a liberal democracy along Western lines.

In the eight months following the beginning of the Russian Revolution, what term could best be used to describe the revolutionary government?

Liberal

Who were the "Cristeros"?

Conservative peasants backed by the church who fought to stop the slide toward secularism

An influential university reform movement began in

Cordob´┐Ż, Argentina.

What group succeeded the initial revolutionary government of Russia?

Lenin's Bolsheviks

The Mexican Revolution began in

1910

Which of the following was NOT a cause of the failure of the initial revolutionary government?

It did not wish to establish parliamentary government.

Who was the leader of the Russian government after the March Revolution?

Alexander Kerensky

The revolutionary political regimes were based on councils of workers, or

soviets.

The man who had been in charge of the Mexican government since 1876 at the time of the Mexican Revolution was

Porfirio Diaz

The Nationalist Party's greatest failure was its inability to

deal with the social and economic crisis of the Chinese peasantry.

The communal holdings created as part of the program of land reform following the Mexican Revolution were called

ejidos.

Early Marxist philosophers in China characterized all of China's society as

proletarian.

Which of the following organizations and publications was NOT associated with the early Marxist movement in China?

Guomindang

Which of the following reforms was NOT included in the revolutionary constitution of 1917 in Mexico?

State takeover of property belonging to the Catholic church

Who was the popular reformist president of Mexico who governed between 1934 and 1940?

Lazaro Cardenas

At the end of World War I, what nation emerged as the dominant foreign power in Latin America?

The United States

The Long March refers to

the march of 90,000 communists from Hunan to Shaanxi province.

Two events set in motion trends that would determine much of Latin America's subsequent history: World War I and

the Mexican Revolution.

What early Communist leader emphasized the role of the peasantry in revolutionary solutions to Chinese problems?

Mao Zedong

Most of the members of the early May Fourth movement were

intellectuals and students

Following Sun Yat-sen's death in 1925, what group seized control of the Nationalist Party?

Warlords and military chiefs

The last Manchu emperor abdicated in

1912.

How did early Chinese Marxist philosophy differ from Lenin's?

The study circle at the University of Beijing saw the peasants as the vanguard of revolution.

What was Chiang Kai-shek's initial role within the Chinese Nationalist Party?

Head of the Whampoa Military Academy

The leader of the Revolutionary Alliance, a loose coalition of anti-Qing political groups that spearheaded the 1911 revolt, was

Sun Yat-sen

Which of the following statements is most correct?

The intensity of the Great Depression had no similar precedence in the history of industrial society.

In 1919, Sun Yat-sen returned to China and attempted to unify the various political organizations struggling for political influence in China by reorganizing the revolutionary movement under what name?

The Nationalist Party of China

What was the primary goal of Zapata's forces within the Mexican Revolution?

Sweeping land reform

What politician first challenged the Mexican government in 1910?

Francisco Madero

Which of the following was included in the policy of "indigenism" that was incorporated into many of the post-revolutionary reforms in Mexico?

The Mexican muralist movement featuring works of Diego Rivera and Jose Clemente Orozco

What made Chinese thinkers aware of a possible Marxist solution to China's ills?

The Russian revolution of 1917

Which of the following statements most accurately summarizes the state of Mexican political organization after the revolution?

The revolutionary leadership institutionalized the regime by creating a one-party system under PRI.

The best-positioned contenders for power in the aftermath of the abdication of the Qing were the

warlords or military commanders.

What happened to the parliamentary government established in China by the Revolutionary Alliance in 1912?

Sun Yat-sen resigned the presidency in favor of the northern warlord Yuan Shikai.

What impact did the Nationalist smashing of the workers' movement have on the development of the Communist Party in China?

It allowed Mao's program of revolutionary activity among the peasants to come to the forefront.

Which of the following statements concerning the economy of Europe during the "Roaring '20s" is NOT accurate?

The United States lagged behind the European nations in both industrial production and mass consumption.

The center of the Communist Party in China from 1934 to the mid-1940s was

Shaanxi province.

Which of the following political and military leaders was NOT involved in the Mexican Revolution in 1910?

Juan Jose Arevalo

The man who headed the study circle at the University of Beijing and who first gave serious attention to Marxist philosophy was

Li Dazhao

Who emerged as the head of the Nationalist Party and de facto ruler of China by the late 1920s?

Chiang Kai-shek

Open warfare began between the communists and Nationalist Party following

the Nationalist slaughter of their former allies in Shanghai.

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