In community and public health nursing, what is the major goal
to preserve the health of the community and surrounding populations by focusing on health promotion and health maintenance of individuals, families, and groups within the community.
What is Community/public health nursing
is the synthesis of nursing practice and public health practice. Also associated with health and the identification of populations at risk rather than an episodic response to patient demand.
What is public health?
often described as the art and science of preventing disease, prolonging life and promoting health through organized community efforts to benefit each citizen.
what is the mission of public health
social justice, which entitles all people to basic necessities such as adequate income and health protection and accepts collective burdens to make this possible
what is community?
a group or collection of individuals interacting in social units and sharing common interests, characteristics, values, and goals; a group of persons who share a common identity and environment.
what is an example of community?
residents of a small time
what is the definition of population?
denotes a group of people with common personal or environmental characteristics; can also refer to all of the people in a defined community
what is an example of population
all elders in a rural region
what is aggregates?
subgroups or subpopulations that have some common characteristics or concern
what is an example of aggregates?
pregnant teens within a school district
What are the overarching goals and leading health indicator topics for healthy people 2020 (4)
-Attain high quality, longer lives, free of preventable disease, disability, injury, and premature death
-Achieve health equality, eliminate disparities and improve the health of all groups.
-promote quality of life, healthy development and healthy behavi
what are the 12 healthy people 2020 leading health indicators topics
-assess to health services
-clinical preventable services
-injury and violence
-maternal, infant, and child health
-nutrition, physical activity and obesity
-reproductive and sexual health
what is the purpose of healthy people 2020?
What are leading indicators?
Selected high-priority issues for the current 10-year period
Overarching goals of Healthy People 2020
To enable the nation to achieve health equity, to eliminate disparities, and to create a social and physical environment that promotes good health, quality of life, healthy development, and positive health behaviors across all life stages
Identify the essential public health services
List the three levels of prevention, and give examples of each
Primary- Prevention of problems before they occur
secondary-Early detection and intervention Ex.Screening for sexually transmitted disease
Tertiary- correction and prevention of deterioration of a disease state ex. Teaching insulin admini
Explore inequities in the distribution of resources and factors that contribute to wide variations in health disparities
In the U.S inequities in the distribution of resources pose a threat to the common good and a challenge for community and public health nurses
Factors that contribute to wide variations in health disparities
Education, income, occupation
Describe the concept of upstream thinking and it's implication on health care
Upstream is focusing on correcting the problem before it has occurred.
ACTIONS FOCUS ON MODIFYING ECONOMIC, POLITICAL, AND ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS THAT ARE THE PRECURSORS OF POOR HEALTH THROUGHOUT THE WORLD
preventive and population-based care
Differentiate between upstream and downstream interventions
downstream- interventions correcting the problem after it has occurred
upstream- interventions preventing the problem before it happens.
Examine microscopic versus macroscopic approaches to solving community health problems
microscopic examines the individual, and sometimes family , response to health and illness. Nursing interventions are often aimed at modifying an individual behavior through changing his or her perceptions or belief system.
Macroscopic- examines interfami
Review different theoretical approaches and their application to community/public health nursing
Describe the major features of a community
-Aggregate of people- community of people who have common characteristics.
-Location of space and time
-Social system- relationships that community members form with one another
Discuss healthy communities
-Low Crime rate
-Good place to bring up children
-Strong Family Life
-Good environment quality
Identify sources of data in assessing a community
shoe leather epidemiology windshield survey( direct observational method first step)
Explain the process of conducting a windshield survey and community needs assessment
-Walk or drive through area making observations
-Gain an understanding of geographic features and the location of agencies, services, business and industries
- locate possible areas of environmental concern through "sight, sense, and sound'
-gives the nur
Identify steps of the nursing process in a community
-synthesizing data in which the nurse examines the data and creates a list of actual or potential problems
-Diagnosing health problems (actual or potential)
Formulate community and aggregate diagnoses
Identify the relationship between stress and anxiety
Stress- A stressor is an external pressure that is brought to bear on the individual.
Anxiety- is the subjective emotional response to that stressor
Describe identifying symptoms of various types of anxiety disorder.
Explain the difference between mild, moderate, severe, and panic anxiety.
Mild- seldom a problem
moderate- perceptual field diminishes
Severe- perceptual field is so diminished that concentration centers on one detail only or on many extraneous details
Panic- the most intense state
List behavioral techniques to lower stress and anxiety.
Acknowledge the impact of psychological illness on health care.
Recognize common defense mechanisms and the reason for their use.
1. major means of managing conflict
3.Discrete from one another
4. Hallmarks of major psychiatric syndromes, which are reversible
5.Adaptive as well as pathologic
Identify teaching topics for client and family education relevant to anxiety related disorders
Demonstrate use of therapeutic communication through role-play and recognition on questions.
Recognize general psychological terms identified in PowerPoint and class.
Be able to state the steps of the Communication Process
State the basic use and manifestations of psychotropic drugs used in anxiety disorders.