Plymouth

Plymouth

English settlement in Massachusetts founded in 1620 by Separatists and others.

Separatists

also known as pilgrims; people who refused to belong to the Church of England and settled in Plymouth for religious freedom

Pilgrims

a person who takes a religious journey

Mayflower

name of the ship that carried the Pilgrims to the new world

Mayflower Compact

an agreement to help the Separatists (Pilgrims) and Anglicans live together peacefully in Plymouth; established a civil body politick and was the first example of self-rule in the colonies

Squanto

Native American from the Wampanoags who taught the Pilgrims how to plant corn, catch fish, and get sweet syrup from Maple trees

Wampanoags

a Native American tribe near Plymouth that helped the Pilgrims and had a peace treaty with them promising to protect one another

Thanksgiving

three day feast where the Wampanoags and Pilgrims ate together and gave thanks for the good harvest

King James

king of England who said that everyone in England had to belong to the Church of England; also sent settlers to Jamestown which is named after him