8th grade - Social Studies - Chapter 17 Lesson 3, 4, 5

People who were not in the army.

Civilians

Northerners who wanted to work out a compromise with the South.

Copperheads

Tax on what a person earns.

Income tax

Law requiring men to serve in the military if called.

Draft

Right to have charges filed or a hearing before jail.

Habeas Corpus

Rise in prices caused by a decrease in the value of money.

Inflation

Person who overcharged the government for goods desperately needed for the war.

Profiteer

What advances in weapons made the Civil War more deadly than previous wars?

Cone shaped bullets, which made riffles twice as accurate, New Cannons could hurl exploding shells several times.

How did women help the war effort?

Some went in disguise as soldiers, others were spies, nurses, worked in factories, and helped made goods for the war.

Whats did each side do to get more soldiers?

Each side sent out drafts so they could get more soldiers.

How did eacg side raise money for war?

each side raised money by raising taxes, income tax, inflation, and profiteers.

How did the Union blockade hurt the South?

The South's trade with Britain ended because the couldn't get import and export.

To set free.

Emancipate

Statement issued by President Lincoln that freed slaves in the Confederate states.

Emancipation Proclamation

All-black regiment that attacked Fort Wagner and Charleston in 1863.

54th Massachusetts

True or False:
The Civil War began as a war to restore the Union, not to end slavery.

True

True of False:
Lincoln had to handle the slavery issue cautiously because four free states remained in the Union.

False: Four slave states

True or False:
Lincoln decided to free enslaved African Americans living in the Confederacy, but not in the four slave states that remained in the Union.

True

True or False:
The Bill of rights changed the character of the war; now Union troops were fighting to end slavery as well as to save the Union.

False: Emancipation Proclamation

True or False:
As a result of the Emancipation Proclamation, it was less likely that any South American country would come to the aid of the South.

False: European

True or False:
Thousands of free African Americans volunteered to fight for the Confedereracy.

False: Union

True of False:
The Union assigned black volunteers to all-black units commanded by white officers.

True

A military blockade of an enemy town or position in order to force it to surrender.

Siege

Who won the Battle of Vicksburg and Gettysburg and was the tuning point of the Civil War?

The Union

Civilians as well as soldiers are affected.

Total War

What were Grant's orders to Philip Sheridan?

Leave nothing for the enemy to return. Destroy whatever cannot be consumed.

Grant also ordered William Sherman what?

Capture Atlantic, Georgia, and then march to the Atlantic coast.

When did General Robert E. Lee surrender?

April 9th, 1865