Coloniel Period

Ann Hutchinson

Expelled in 1637 for believing that there is a spark of God in everyone, not just a selected few. She was eventually killed by Indians.

Roger Williams

Expelled in 1635 for arguing that te government has no control over what people think or say. He sets up Rhode Island and gives the people freedom of religion and speach.

Thomas Hooker

He was a clergyman in Massachusetts Bay Colony who supported Roger Williams and Ann Hutchinson. He quarreled with the leaders of the community and was expelled. He founded Connecticut.

Massachusetts Bay Colony

Founded in 1630 under the leadership of John Winthrop by Puritans leaving Britain in pursute of religious freedom. It was a theocracy and had a very rigid structure.


A government system beased on religious beliefs

Sir Walter Raleigh

Started a business (1585-1587) where he shipped people over to the new world and got them settled. After the first group was settled in, he went back to England to get another but when he returned everyone was gone and strange symbols were carved into the

Virginia CO

The first real colonization by England (1607). The company sold stocks and brought people over to the New World. They established Jamestown.


At first it seemed like it wouldn't survive because it was placed on a river coming in form the ocean so it was hot and humid and very unhealthy; there were mosquitoes. The people living there were alo not very well trained. The leadership was not very st

John Rolfe

Saved Jamestown by discovering that tobacco could be grown there. Tobacco was very demanded for in England and this profitable cash crop kept the colony alive.

House of Burgesses

The first representative assembly in America. It was a group of elected individuals who helped run the colony.


An economic theory based on the idea that the resources of the world are limited. Every government wants to have as many resources in their possession as possible.

Proprietary Colony

Land given to friends of the king so they can start and run a colony.

George Calvert (Lord Baltimore)

A nobleman granted a proprietary colony which he named Maryland after Queen Mary (Bloody Mary) who tried to purify England of Puritans. He was Catholic and wanted to establish a community for Catholics which is why he was given the land; the king wanted t

Toleration Act

Passed in Maryland in 1649, it said that all religions were tolerated in Maryland. It was passed because Catholics were a minority in the New World and the only way they would be tolerated was if they tolerated everyone else.