Chapter 3- Alabama History

____ and ____were allies of the American colonists during the Revolutionary War.

France and Spain

Benjamin Hawkins wanted the Creek Indians to ______.

adopt the ways of the settlers.

At the end of the Revolutionary War the Treaty of _____ recognized American Independence.


The 1795 Pinckney Treaty established the border between Florida and Alabama at the _______.

31st Parallel

Tecumseh was a Shawnee chief who wanted the Creek Indians to:

a. Keep the traditions of their people.
b. fight the Americans.

The Creek nation divided into two groups. The _____ wanted to go to war and the ______ wanted peace.

Red Sticks
White Sticks

List four groups that helped the settlers in their war against the Red Sticks.

a. Choctaw
b. Chickasaw
c. White Sticks
d. Tennessee Volunteers

The Red Sticks were defeated by General Jackson at the Battle of _______, the final battle of the Creek War.

The Horseshoe Bend

The Trail of Tears refers to __________________.

forced relocation of the Indians to Oklahoma Reservations

Most of the pioneers who moved to Alabama after the Creek War came from __________.

the south

The Vine and Olive Company was settled by

French Military Officers

The Enabling Act game Alabama some federal land to ________.

build a capitol and to establish a state university.

Before the Alabama Territory could become a state it had to _________.

write a constitution

Alabama became a state in _____.


Alexander McGillivray

Creek chief who made treaties with Spanish and Americans


created an alphabet for the Cherokee language

William Weatherford

a Creek chief known as Red Eagle


Choctaw chief who helped the Americans during the Creek War.

Andrew Jackson

defeated the Creeks at Horseshoe Bend


wanted Creek Indians to keep the traditions and ways of their people.

Describe and explain causes, alliances, and outcome of the Creek War of 1813-1814.

Cause of Creek war of 1813-1814:
The young Red Stick Creek Indians who were aligned with the British wanted to return to the old ways and throw the Americans out. The Red Sticks wanted to fight the settlers. The economic pressure of the Indians caused a s

Alliances of Creek War:

Tennessee, Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Mississippi came together to fight against the Creek Red Sticks.

Outcome of the Creek War

The Red Sticks lost, and Andrew Jackson ceded the Creek Indians land.