TEST REVIEW - 7th Grade SS - Chapter 5 - The Decline of Feudalism

Why was Thomas Becket killed?
A. He helped the French defeat the English.
B. He led the nobles in trying to take power.
C. He sided with the Church against the king.
D. He tried to stop the peasants from rebelling.

c

Which of these was a reform made by King Henry II of England?
A. Trials were held before a royal judge.
B. Ordinary people elected their rulers.
C. Nobles had to let their serfs go free.
D. England paid soldiers to be in the army.

a

What was the purpose of Magna Carta?
A. to make the Church weaker
B. to give the king more power
C. to strengthen common law
D. to protect the rights of nobles

c

Habeas corpus means that people cannot be held indefinitely in jail unless
A. they want to.
B. a court consents.
C. the king orders it.
D. the Church requests it.

b

What action by an English king gave ordinary people a voice in government?
A. calling the Model Parliament
B. putting a seal on Magna Carta
C. issuing the Constitutions of Clarendon
D. closing Canterbury Cathedral

a

How did political changes in England weaken feudalism?
A. Serfs had to live on the land that they farmed.
B. Nobles lost power to the king or common people.
C. Constant conflict led to a loss of social order.
D. Authority in government was given to the Ch

b

What was one human activity that contributed to the spread of the bubonic plague?
A. bathing too often
B. trading with Asia
C. eating rotten food
D. keeping mice as pets

b

How did the plague make life harder for Jews in Europe?
A. They had to move into the big cities.
B. They got sick more than other people.
C. They were often blamed for the disease.
D. Their food was not always safe to eat.

c

The event of 1164 led to conflict between King Henry II and
A. royal judges and juries.
B. common people of England.
C. the Roman Catholic Church.
D. monarch and nobles of France.

c

Which of these events took place during the Hundred Years' War?
A. Thomas Becket was killed.
B. The Model Parliament met.
C. Magna Carta was established.
D. Bubonic plague reached Europe.

d

Which date goes with an event on the timeline that took place in France?
A. 1215
B. 1295
C. 1381
D. 1429

d

What is one reason why the battle in 1429 had a different outcome from the battle in 1364?
A. Joan of Arc led the French.
B. The English had heavy armor.
C. The French used the crossbow.
D. Peasants fought for the English.

a

How did the plague increase the power of the common people?
A. Sick people moved into the castles.
B. It created a shortage of workers.
C. Lords were more likely to die from it.
D. Monarchs accused lords of spreading it.

b

What technological advantage helped the English win many early battles of the Hundred Years' War?
A. gunpowder
B. heavy armor
C. the longbow
D. larger horses

c

Which development in the Hundred Years' War was partly a response to Joan of Arc?
A. loss of royal authority
B. increase in foot soldiers
C. more powerful weapons
D. stronger national identity

d

How did the Hundred Years' War contribute to the decline of feudalism?
A. Hiring soldiers made monarchs less dependent on vassals.
B. Serfs ran away from the manors to fight in the battles.
C. Nobles insisted that monarchs consult them about new taxes.
D.

a

According to the Magna Carta, someone could not be tried for a crime unless there were people who would testify that they saw it. Which quote says this?
A.
B."To no one will we sell, to no one will we refuse or delay, right or justice."
C."No bailiff [off

c

People in England came to believe that Magna Carta promised a trial by jury for anyone charged with a
crime. The idea of trial by jury is suggested in Magna Carta in the phrase...
A.
B."To no one will we sell, to no one will we refuse or delay, right or j

d

How did Henry II improve English law?
a)by strengthening common law and the role of judges and juries
b)introduced Model Parliament which gave a voice in government to common people, as well as to nobles
c)he introduced the Magna Carta, agreeing to observ

a

How did King John improve English law?
a)by strengthening common law and the role of judges and juries
b)introduced Model Parliament which gave a voice in government to common people, as well as to nobles
c)he introduced the Magna Carta, agreeing to obser

c

How did King Edward I improve English law?
a)by strengthening common law and the role of judges and juries
b)introduced Model Parliament which gave a voice in government to common people, as well as to nobles
c)he introduced the Magna Carta, agreeing to o

b

What changes did the Magna Carta bring about in English government?
a)it strengthened common law and the role of judges and juries
b)it gave a voice in government to common people, as well as to nobles
c)by observing common law and the traditional rights

c

What was the Model Parliament, and why was it created?
a)it strengthened common law and the role of judges and juries
b)it gave a voice in government to common people, as well as to nobles
c)by observing common law and the traditional rights of the nobles

b

What areas of the world were affected by the spread of the plague in the 14th century?
a)Europe
b)Asia
c)India
d)Middle East
e)England
f)all of the above

f

Why was the plague called the Black Death?
a)the dark, evil nature of the disease
b)because people with the disease where quarantined in dark rooms
c)from black-and-blue swellings that appeared on the skin of victims
d)all of the above

c

How was the plague spread?
s)blood
b)air
c)food
d)fleas

d

trial by jury

How did Henry II improve English law?

a king needed consent to collect taxes, trial by jury - habeas corpus, introduced that the king is no longer above the law

What changes did the Magna Carta bring about in English government?

English governing body made up of commoners as well as nobles and church officials, intended to include more people in government

What was the model Parliment, and why was it created?

Magna Carta - weakened the power of the kings; Henry's II legal reforms - established trial by jury, gave more power to judges, Edward I's Modal Parliament - gave a voice to common people.

How did these political developments in England contribute to the decline of feudalism in Europe?

Magna Carta

Document in 1215 that limited the English king's power.

habeas corpus

A person can't be held in prison without first being charged with a crime.

heretic

a person who opposes accepted and established beliefs

Model Parliament

A government body made up of commoners, low ranking clergy, and noble officials

100 Years War

War that lasted from 1337-1453 between France and England ended when the French drove the English out

bubonic plague

Also called the Black Death was a deadly disease that spread through Europe and killed one out of every three people

Many medieval towns were built near what geographic feature?

a river

What had to happen in order for towns to develop during the Middle Ages?

There had to be enough food.

Who belongs in the blank space below?

merchants

If you were a customer who bought shoes from a cobbler, how might a guild help you?

by making sure cobblers made good shoes

5. Below are two examples of an economic process that helped local people become wealthy. What is the process?
� Venice was known for making glass.
� Flanders was known for making woolen cloth.

specialization

As merchants made money, many joined town councils. Which of the following statements best describes the situation that resulted?

Many merchants gained political power.

Which of these eventually replaced trial by ordeal or combat?

court inquiries

Which of the following describes a mystery play?

a story from the Bible

Where were most Medieval towns located?

along trade routes

What was the name given to groups that protected and set standards for craftspeople?

guilds

As medieval towns grew, what group gained more and more power?

merchants

Most town dwellers' homes were...?

uncomfortable.

What was one result of medieval towns being dirty?

People were often sick.

A major improvement in the 1200s for dealing with accused criminals was

independent courts.

Despite their difficult lives, people in towns took time to...?

have fun.

What was one human activity that contributed to the spread of the bubonic plague?

trading with Asia

Many workers died during the plague. How did their deaths affect those who remained?

They were able to demand better pay and more rights.

What technological advantage helped the English win many early battles of the Hundred Years' War?

the longbow

Both the plague and the Hundred Years' War had what effect?

They led to a shift in power from feudal lords to common people and monarchs.

King Henry II's reforms weakened the power of...?

feudal lords and clergymen.

A historian found a document that included the passage below, knowing only that it was from the 1200s.
In the first place we have granted to God, and by this our present charter confirmed for us and our heirs forever, that the English church shall be free

At the time the document was written, freemen had very few rights.

What political event in England gave commoners a voice in their government?

King Edward I's Model Parliament

What was one key result of the signing of the Magna Carta?

Monarchs could not take away anyone's rights and liberties.

What was a major effect of political changes in England in the 1200s?

They weakened feudalism.

How did Europe's economy change after the bubonic plague wiped out so many people?

Workers gained money and power.

Which group lost the most power as a result of the Hundred Years' War?

feudal lords

In this chapter, you have read about various aspects of daily life in medieval towns. These aspects can be divided into three categories: economic, political, and social. Fill in the blank spaces in the web below to show more details about these three cat

Possible answers: Economic, produced: food, clothing, household items, specialized goods such as woolens, glass, and silk; Economic, distribution: trade routes, markets, merchant fairs; Political, independence: purchased charter or had violent revolt; Pol

Many important events, such as the bubonic plague, took place in England in the 12th through the 15th centuries. Choose three key historical events from this period to put on the spectrum below. Order the three events from the one you believe is least sig

Possible answers: After the plague and the Hundred Years' War, fewer workers were available, so those who remained had more power. Peasants rebelled against nobles. Nobles lost power as kings no longer needed them to supply soldiers, and common people gai

Many important events, such as the bubonic plague, took place in England in the 12th through the 15th centuries. Choose three key historical events from this period to put on the spectrum below. Order the three events from the one you believe is least sig

Spectrums might address such historical events as the plague, trial by jury, the signing of the Magna Carta, the Model Parliament, the Hundred Years' War, or the increasing power of the common people. Student should be able to explain why the events are o

the Magna Carta is also known as the

Great Charter

Magna Carta

a written agreement that limited the king's power & strengthened the rights of nobles.

As feudalism declined, the Magna Carta contributed to ideas about

individual rights and liberities in England

The Bubonic Plague is also known as the

Black Death

Bubonic Plague

a deadly contagious disease caused by bacteria and spread by fleas

Hundred Years' War

a series of wars fought by France & England between 1337 and 1453.

King Henry II

made legal reform a central concern of his, which strengthened the power of royal courts

Which king made the first judicial (court) system

King Henry II

Constitutions of Clarendon

issued by King Henry II that spelled out the king's traditional rights, such as, the right to try clergy accused of serious crimes in royal courts instead of church courts

King Henry's Constitutions of Clarendon led to the death of

Thomas Becket, the Archbishop of Canterbury

King John was the son of

King Henry II

When John became king, how did he make powerful enemies?

lost most of the lands the English controlled to France; he taxed his barons heavily & ignored traditional rights; he fought with the Church & collected large amounts of monies from the Church's properties

What happened in the meadow called Runnymede?

angry barons forced King John to put his seal to the Magna Carta

By putting his seal on the Magna Carta, King John agreed to

observe common law & the traditional rights of the barons & the church

habeas corpus

the right not to be held in prison without first being charged with a specific crime; the principle that accused persons cannot be held in jail without the consent of a court

People in England came to regard the Magna Carta as

one of the foundations of their rights and liberties

King Edward I was King John's

grandson

King Edward I called together a governing body called the

model parliament

the model parliament included

commoners & lower ranking clergy, as well as church officials and nobles

commoner

a person who is not of noble rank

How did political developments such as the magna carta & habeas corpus contribute to the decline (weaken) of feudalism

strengthened royal authority & shifted power to common people

The Magna Carta established what?

idea of rights and liberties that even the king cannot violate; affirmed that monarchs should rule with the advice of the governed

Henry II's legal reforms did what?

strengthened English common law & the role of judges and juries

Edward I's Model Parliament did what?

gave common people a voice in government

The ideas of the Magna Carta & Model Parliament became part of the tradition that later gave rise to the

modern democratic institutions

Historians believe the Bubonic Plaque traveled along the

Silk Road

What was Silk Road

the main trade route between east & west

What are symptoms of the Bubonic Plague?

fever, vomiting, couching, sneezing, bumps

Where did the name Black Death come from?

the black and blue clotches that appeared on the skin of many Bubonic Plague victims.

What contributed significantly to the spread of the bubonic plague?

dirty conditions people lived in

the bacteria that caused the bubonic plague disease was carried by

fleas that fed on the blood of infected rodents like rats

What did the fleas do when the rats died?

jumped to other animals & people

Terrified people falsely blamed the bubonic plague on everything from the

positions of the planets to lepers & Jews

During the Black Death, many German cities ordered

Jews to leave

what is the # of estimated deaths due to the bubonic plague?

about a third (1/3) of the population

the death of so many people from the bubonic plague, speeded changes in Europe's

economic and social structure that contributed to the decline of feudalism

What slowed to almost a halt during the bubonic plague?

trade and commerce

After the bubonic plague, why was there a shift of power from the nobles to the common people?

because of all the deaths, there were fewer workers left, which meant they could demand more money & rights

why was there a weakening of the manor system & a loss of power for feudal lords?

many serfs moved to towns & cities seaking better opportunities

when nobles tried to return to the way things had been before the bubonic plague,

peasants rebelled & revolted in France, Flanders, England, Germany, Spain & Italy

the most famous peasant revolts was the

English Peasants' War in 1381

What happened during the English Peasants' War of 1381?

they succeeded in entering London & presenting their demands to King Richard II

during the bubonic plague, why did those who remained healthy dance

to express their joy of life during those black times

Why did England & France fight a series of wars?

over the control of lands in France

truce

an agreement to stop fighting

crossbow

a weapon made up of a bow that was fixed across a wooden stick & operated by a trigger

what was used to fire feathered arrows?

longbow

What happened at the Battle of Crecy?

the English army's light armor and longbows won over the French knights' heavy armor & crossbows

During the Battle of Crecy, the French army relied on

horse mounted nobles or knights

During the Battle of Crecy, the English army relied on

lightly armored knights, foot soldiers & archers armed with longbows

During the Battle of Crecy, the English recruited some soldiers from the

common people & paid them to fight

Who inspired the French during their fight with the English?

Joan of Arc

What did Joan of Arc claim?

that she heard the voices of saints urging her to save France

What did Joan of Arc do because of the voices of the saints?

put on a suit of armor & fought where she led a French army to victory in the Battle of Orleans

Joan of Arc was also known as the

Maid of Orleans

What did the English accuse Joan of Arc of being?

a witch and a heretic

what did the English do to Joan of Arc after they captured her?

burned her at the stake

heretic

a person who holds beliefs that do not agree with the teachings of the church or other groups

What did the Roman Catholic Church make Joan of Arc?

a saint

How did the 100 Years' War contribute to the decline of feudalism?

by helping to shift power from lords to monarchs and common people

During the 100 Year's War, monarchs on both sides collected taxes & raised large armies, which resulted in

kings no longer relying on nobles to supply knights for the army

Changes in military technology made

the nobles' knights and castles less useful

Castles became less important as armies learned to use

gunpowder to shoot iron balls from cannons and blast holes in castle walls

The war created a new sense of

national unity and patriotism on both sides

Who bore the heaviest burden of the war?

peasants

Why did the peasants bore the heaviest burned of the war?

they were forced to fight in the army & pay higher taxes

The common people emerged from fight the war with

greater influence and power

How old was Joan of Arc

17 years old

What political developments during the 12th & 13th centuries helped weaken feudalism?

the shifting of power to the king and the common people

After the bubonic plague, the need for workers to rebuild Europe led to

a shift in p ower from lords to the common people

The Hundred Years' War brought

a rise in national feeling in both England & France & reduced the importance of nobles & knights on the battlefield

How did the bubonic plague spread to Europe?

by ship

Magna Carta

A written legal agreement signed in 1215 that limited the English monarch's power.

Model Parliament

A governing body created by King Edward I that included some commoners, Church officials, and nobles.

Hundred Years' War

A series of battles fought by France and England between 1337 and 1453.

habeas corpus

The legal concept that an accused person cannot be held in jail indefinitely without being charged with a crime.

bubonic plague

A deadly contagious disease caused by bacteria and spread by fleas; also called the Black Death.

Battle of Crecy

The battle which was fought at the village of Crecy in northern France went into history for the disastrous defeat of the French despite the fact that they had a considerable numerical superiority.

Siege of Orleans

One of the greatest successes of the French army during the entire war enabled Charles VII to travel to Rheims to be crowned as King of France but it also significantly increased the morale among the French soldiers.

Battle of Castillon

The battle which ended with the French victory marked the end of the Hundred Years' War between France and England, although a peace treaty was never signed.

King John of England

compelled to negotiate further and, on 19 June at Runnymede on the River Thames, he accepted the baronial terms embodied in the Magna Carta, which limited royal power, ensured feudal rights and restated English law.

Joan of Arc

A 17-year old French peasant girl who claimed divine guidance lifted the Siege of Orleans which marked the turning point in the Hundred Years' War and built French national pride.

Hanseatic League

Alliance formed by Northern European cities such as Hamburg, Cologne, and Krakow to protect trade routes.

Products traded from Europe to Asia

wool cloth, silver, wine, grain

Products traded from Asia to Europe

perfume, spice, and silk

Number of European deaths from the Black Plague

About 20 million

Venice

City that controlled trade between Europe and Asia. The Plague was spread easily there.

Genoa

City that controlled trade in the western Mediterranean Sea

European Sea Routes

Crossed the Baltic, North, Black, and Mediterranean Seas.

Thomas Becket

The Archbishop of Canterbury. He was killed in front of the Cathedral by knights wishing to gain the favor of King Henry II

Constitutions of Clarendon

document that spelled out the king's traditional rights, including trying clergy in royal courts, rather than Church courts

Longbow

weapon that helped the English win early battles of the Hundred Year's War

Jewish persecution

Persecution of Jews was made worse as people blamed Jews for the plague.

Impact of the plague on feudalism

The need for workers to rebuild Europe led to a shift in power from feudal lords to the common people.

Impact of political developments on feudalism

Legal reforms, the Magna Carta, and the Model Parliament strengthened common law, established universal rights and liberties, and gave a voice in government to the common people and nobles.

Impact of the Hundred Year's War on feudalism

The series of battles strengthened the national identities and monarchs of France and England and reduced the importance of nobles and knights on the battlefield.

Magna Carta monarch

Negative- they had to obey laws, limited king's power, fair taxes, run his ideas by Great Council, can't take land without paying for it

Magna Carta Nobles

Positive- fair taxes and fair trials

Magna Carta knights

Neutral

Magna Carta p/s

Positive- more rights, fair taxes, fair trials, voting

Three groups responsible for magna carta

Pope, people, king john

Magna carta date

June 15,1215

Causes for magna carta-king john

Raised taxes unfairly, kept losing wars to france, angered the pope

Causes for magna carta-pope

Archbishop of canterbury- traditional for monarch to elect, but they disagreed, pope excommunicated john and interdict on england, king hogn was angry and banished monks

Magna carta causes- common people

Unfair taxes, unhappy people

What is a crusade

A quest or mission for something you strongly belive in- maybe even die for it

reason for first crusade

Series of missions and quests led by christians to take back the holy land from the muslims

How did the pope initially get people to join the fighting

Indulgence, free pass into heaven if you died in battle

Who won the crusade

Christians the first, muslims the rest

Why did 2cnd crusade happen

Muslims were recapturing lands that belonged to the christians

Result of second crusade

Muslims won; both the French and German armies got slaughtered badly by the muslim seljuk turks along the way, remaining forces tried to attack Damascus but failed miserably

Leader of muslims third crusade

Saladin

3 groups that led christian crusade

Henry 11 died- Richard the Lionheart (1) of England, Philip 11 of France, Fredrick Barbarossa of Holy Roman Empire

What happened during the third crusade

Freddy drowned, army turned around, richard and philip were arguing over spoils of war after conquering acre, so richard turned around and began conquering french lands, richard and saldin called for a peace treaty, muslim still controlled jerusalem but c

Crusades monarch

Positive- gained land (lords manors) and got more money from taxes and trade

Crusades nobles

Negative- sold off land to fight crusades, pay peasants more to stay

Crusades knight

Negative- development of crossbows and gunpowder

Peasants crusades

Positive- economic oppurtunities

ROTGOT monarch

Positive- made money off of taxes from trade, property tax in cities and towns, well-liked because they protected trade

ROTGOT nobles

Negative- workers leaving for better, have to pay remaining more

ROTGOT knights

Neutral- maybe jobs in law enforcement?

ROGOT peasants/serfs

Positive- economic oppurtunities, some of them formed middle-class

Why did trade need to be revived

After roman empire fell, people didn't trade because it wasn't safe and manirs became self-sufficient.

How did crusades lead to ROTGOT

agreement in crusades said that christian pilgrims could travel to holy land, cultural diffusion, people brought goods back, wanted exotic merchandise

Who was the first to benefit and why ROTGOT

italian trading cities-they had the boats

Where did the black death come from

Central asia (china, mongolia) and traveled to Caffa, first trading city in Europe where it began to spread, touchdd Europe first in Sicily, Italy and spread through Italy

Bad domino effect black death

Traveled on rats, when they died, fleas jumped from person to person, very dirty, spread eaily, big cities, could travel from person to person, happened from trade because it was brought on trade ships from asia, 1/3 of people died in 4-5 years

Black death monarchs

Negative- less people meant less taxes

Black death nobles

Negative- less workers, pay remaining workers more

Black death knights

Negative- smaller armies meant harder job

Black death common people

Positive- economic oppurtunities

Why did HYW start

Conflict begween french and english over french land under english control

Instances when english took french land

William the conqueror brought normandy, eleanor of aquitaine when she brought over lands to her marriage with h2

Why did english win many early battles

Light armor, well trained foot soldiers, longbow

What is national identity

People feel proud to live in their country, happy to be citizens, WANTED to fight for their country

Joan of Arc

She dressed as man to fight, led a small group of troops to victory, people thought, if she can do it, we can do it, 22 years after her death (burned at stake for being a heretic by english) french finally kicked the english out, 17 year old peasant girl

Monarch HYW

positive- more support from the people, love for their country meant love for their king, national identity

Nobles HYW

Negative- lost loyalty to their king because they no longer controlled the armies, they had in feudal system

Knights HYW

negative- longbows, canons, new military advances. Who needs knights?

P/s HYW

Positive- towns offered economic oppurtunities

Feudalism

A political, military and social system in the middle ages, based on the holding of lands in fief or fee and on the resulting relations between lord and vassal.