vocab# 2-Parts of Speech

noun

person, place or thing.
Examples: teacher, school, desk, book, language

proper noun

a specific person, place or thing that is ALWAYS CAPITALIZED.
Examples: Ms. Taylor, Daniel, September, Tuesday, Hunt Park

pronoun

Takes the place of a noun in a sentence.
Examples: he, she, it, her, his, they, their, we
She called her mother.

interjection

a word or phrase that shows emotion and is followed by a comma or exclamation point.
Examples: Ouch! Hooray! Oh! Yes! Wow!

adverb

describes a verb or an adjective.
Examples: loud, quiet, fast, slow, quick
She ran home quickly. (quickly)

adjective

describes a noun.
Examples: small, heavy, yellow, many, new, soft
It has been a good day. (good)
The young boy rode his red bike. (red)

verb

action or state of being word.
Examples: see, run, read, swim, think
Sam waited in the car. (waited)

preposition

shows the position of where something is.
Examples: in, with, from, about, to, above, on
The boy with curly hair ate lunch in the park. (in)

prepositional phrase

a group of words that starts with a preposition and includes a noun.
Example: The boy with curly hair ate lunch in the park. (in the park)

conjunction

join words, phrases and clauses together.
Examples: and, as, or, so, because, however
Randy and Kim called because it was my birthday.

articles

three special words that can be used before a noun.
Examples: a, an, the
A bird flew in the tree. (a)

subject

one of the two main parts (subject and predicate) of a sentence; the subject is the part that is not the predicate; typically, the subject is the first noun phrase in a sentence and is what the rest of the sentence "is about"
eg: "THE RAIN WATER was dirty

predicate

one of the two main parts (subject and predicate) of a sentence; the predicate is the part that is not the subject and usually begins with the verb
eg: "My brother IS A DOCTOR" , "WHO DID you CALL?", "The woman wearing a blue dress HELPED ME" (Words that

tense

form of a verb that shows us when the action or state happens (past, present or future). Note that the name of a tense is not always a guide to when the action happens. The "present continuous tense", for example, can be used to talk about the present or

prefix

affix that occurs before the root or stem of a word
eg: impossible, reload

suffix

affix that occurs after the root or stem of a word
eg: happiness, quickly