Hyper Text Markup Language
What does HTML describe?
the structure of a Web page
What are HTML elements represented by?
defines document to be HTML5
the root element of an HTML page
contains meta information about the document
specifies a title for the document
contains the visible page content
defines a large heading
defines a paragraph
element names surrounded by angle brackets
HTML tags normally come in
pairs, like <p> and </p>
The first tag in a pair is the ? tag, the second tag is the ? tag.
The end tag is written like the start tag, but with a ? inserted before the tag name.
The start tag is also called the ?, and the end tag the ?.
opening tag, closing tag
The purpose of a web browser is
to read HTML documents and display them.
The browser does not display the HTML tags, but uses them to
determine how to display the document.
The <!DOCTYPE> Declaration (4)
represents the document type and helps browsers to display web pages correctly; must only appear once, at the top of the page; not case sensitive
The <!DOCTYPE> declaration for HTML5 is
All HTML documents must start with a
document type declaration; <!DOCTYPE>
The HTML document itself begins with ? and ends with ?
The visible part of the HTML document is between ? and ?
HTML headings are defined with the ? and ? tags.
? defines the most important heading.
? defines the least important heading.
HTML paragraphs are defined with the ? tag.
HTML links are defined with the ? tag.
The HTML link's destination is specified in the ? attribute.
? are used to provide additional information about HTML elements.
HTML images are defined with the ? tag.
HTML buttons are defined with the ? tag.
HTML lists are defined with the ? (unordered/bullet list) or the ? (ordered/numbered list) tag, followed by ? tags (list items).
<ul>, <ol>, <li>