when ones country dominates another country, military, politically , economically, and sometimes culturally

Sphere of Influence

and area or region of a country where the economic and political situation is dominated by another country


a situation where one country dominates another , but the dominant country allows


this is when a country absorbs new territory and makes it part of the country


the aggressive building-up of military forces by a country ; the strong military can be used as a tool of diplomacy. this may also cause tensions with other countries and lead to an arms race


intense pride in ones country; simple patriotism ; the belief that a country should always do what is best for themselves and take care of their self-interests ; this can also lead to tension between countries; can be taken too far ... genocide

Anglo-Saxon Superiority

the belief by people of western and northern european ancestry that they were the dominant race , the British and Americans believed that their ways (cultural, political, economic, military, religious) were the best and all other people should adopt them

global balance of power

European imperial powers and their allies dominated the world (colonies on every continent); each country or group of allied countries was/were relatively equal; if any country gained territory it would upset the balance... could lead to war

Social Darwinism

many Americans believed that "survival of the fittest " should apply to countries; European countries dominated the world ; the US may get left behind ; the US , therefore, needed to build and empire

Alfred T. Mahan

US naval officer , taught at Naval War College ; wrote The Influence of Sea Power Upon History; said (1) US was expanding trade overseas, (2) US needed a strong navy to protect trade , (3) Navy needed coal, water , and supplies,(4) US needed island for co

Senator John Tyler Morgan

Former Confederate General from Alabama. served in the US senate following the civil war Was a big supporter of US imperialism. Supported the annexation of Hawaii and going to war against Spain

Cause of Spanish American War

- yellow journalism (main cause)
- sinking of the USS Maine
- De Lom´┐Ż Letter
- sympathy for the Cuban rebels
- US economic interests in Cuba (sugar)

Yellow Journalism

exaggerating the truth or sometimes falsifying stories in order to sell newspapers; William Randolph Hearst and Joseph Pulitzer competed for newspaper sales in NY ; they made-up stories to sell papers ; most exciting headline = newspaper sales ; main caus

USS Maine

exploded in Havana Harbor killing many US sailors ; although most likely and accident , US newspapers reported that the Spanish blew it up with a mind ; sent to Havana Harbor to "evacuate Americans if necessary " really there to send the Spanish a message

Rough Riders

a volunteer cavalry unit , led by Col. Leonard Wood and Lt. Col. Teddy Roosevelt, that's fought the Spanish in Cuba ; they are famous for charging up San Juan Hill , but they were actually on nearby Kettle Hill ; their horses were left in Florida so they

San Juan Hill

the most important land battle in the Spanish- American War; an African American Army unit defeated the Spanish which led to the Spanish Army fleeing the island; yellow journalists give all the credit to the rough riders for the victory

Gen. Joseph (Joe) Wheeler

former confederate general who later re- joined the us army and led troops during the Spanish - American War; he fought against the Spanish in Cuba and later against the Filipino rebels in the Philippine - American War; he represented Alabama in the US Ho

Emilio Aguinaldo

leader of the Filipino rebels who helped the US defeat the Spanish in the Philippines during the Spanish - American War ; he later led the Filipino rebels in a war for independence for the US

Treaty of Paris 1898

this was the treaty that ended the Spanish-American War ; as a result of the treaty :
- the US annexed Guam and Puerto Rico
- the US paid Spain $20 million for the Philippines
- Cuba became " independent" (really a US protectorate)
- the US became an impe

Platt Amendment

proposed by US senator Orville Platt ; the US forced the new cuban gov't to add this to their constitution ; made Cuba a protectorate; the amendment said :
- Cuba could not sign treaties that would weaken their independence
- no foreign countries could co

Monroe Doctrine

proposed by president James Monroe (1818-1825) ; he announced that the European powers much stay out of the Western Hemisphere ( North , Central, and South America and the Caribbean) ; the Europeans did stay out , but mainly because they were fighting eac

Roosevelt Corollary

President Theodore (Teddy) Roosevelt (1901-1909) addition to the Monroe doctrine; TR declared that in addition to the European powers staying out of Latin America, the US had the right to intervene in Latin American affairs (military) to protect the US in

Dollar Diplomacy

President William Howard Taft's (1909-1913)policy towards Latin America ; the US would provide loans to Latin American countries to help them build up their industries and stabilize their economies (if people are working and making money they won't revolt

Missionary Diplomacy

President Woodrow Wilson's policy towards Latin America the US would not recognize deal with any country/government/leader which was hostile to US interests this was also apply to leaders Wilson believe there was not elected

john hay

secretary of state for President William McKinley and President Teddy Roosevelt ; a devout imperialist he proposed the open door policy in the go she ate it over 50 treaties to expand US power and empire

Open Door Policy

do US proposal which would allow all countries to trade at any port in China with equal treatment the US for year did the Europeans were carve- up china and close trade with the US no country formally agreed to the policy but the US and outs we would begi

Panama Canal

The US (TR) encourage panama to go in declare independence from Columbia we recognize their independence and signed an agreement with panama to build a canal ; the final canal project began in 1904 and was completed in 1914 the canal cut the travel distan

William Gorgas

US Army medical officer in Cuba during the Spanish American war he was one of the first to discover that mosquitoes transmitted yellow fever and malaria he came to Panama and begin draining swaps to for prevent mosquitoes from hatching this allowed the US