Rabbits

Ferret
Male
female
babies

Mustelaputorius furo
hobs
jills
kits

Rats
male
female
babies

...

mice
Male
female
babies

...

Hamster
male
female
babies

...

Gerbil
male
female
babies

...

Rabbit
male
female
babies

...

Guinea pig
male
female
babies

...

Belgian Hare

himalayan

Dutch

Dwarf lop

flemish giant

white Netherland dwarf

New Zealand white

English Angora

satin

rex

mini rex

housing
large rabbits
small rabbits
height
padded area to protect feet/hock
high temps
bring inside or use fan
low temps, need unfrozen water

min 5sq ft
min 3sq ft
at least 14" tall
if wire bottom...
don't do well in?
over. 85degrees, humid over 40%
acclimate well to

daily
acidic
substrate that won't cause harm if consumed
encourage lb use

enclosures should be cleaned
urine has high crystal content, requires___________ cleaners
litter box requires
put hay in litter box or next to it to

Rabbits in Research

stainless steel or plastic caging
wire mesh bottoms w tray under
padded area to rest on
62-7degrees, 30-70% humidity
models:
- atherosclerosis, cancer studies, AIDS studies, eye irritancy tests (draize test), skin irritancy test, toxicity tests

Unique characteristics

2nd pair of upper incisors
hypsodontic
high muscle to bone ratio
females usually larger
rear legs longer than front
no foot pads
straight toenails
urine thick and creamy
duplex uterus
males - scrotum anterior to penis

Diet - Rabbit

Herbivores
high in fiber
hindgut fermenters
20-30% fiber
feed based on life stage
look at product dating
measure and serve DAILY requirements
<10% fruit and veg
fresh water

GI
normal round pellets
"cecotrophs" softer, wetter (recycle vit B and proteins)

cannot vomit
- prone to hairball gut blockages
coprophagic
- day feces ____________
- night feces ___________

life span

9-12 years

restraint

never put on slippery surface
use towels
can place on back
scruff (as long as supported)

posterior paralysis

rabbit should never be allowed to exert a full kick on a slippery surface

vitals
130-325bpm
30-60bpm
100-104 degrees F
4-6 mo (9-12 in larger rabbits)

HR
RR
Temp
sexual maturity

reproduction

induced ovulators
ovulate 10hrs after breeding
gestation = 29-35 days
nesting when close to delivery
birthing = kindling
litter size = 4-10 (prone to cannabilism)
post-partum receptivity
nurse infrequently, rabbit milk highly enriched
wean at 5-8 wks

Identification

cage cards
ear tags
tattoos
microchips
temp ID w pens or dyes

Behavior
bite?
first LOD?
trained?
housing together?
frightened?

rarely, but can
escape, kick w hind legs, scratch, bite, vocalize
litter box
challenging, unless raised as litter mates
thump hind legs

Med Admin

- SQ, IV, IM, ID, (can be intranasal as well)
oral meds
- added to water if permitted
admin through diastema
oral stomach tube
nasogastric tube

blood collection

marginal ear vein
central auricular artery
jugular
cephalic
lateral saphenous
cardiocentesis (usually only terminal procedures)

GI diseases

wool block"
obesity
overgrown incisors
loose stool, diarrhea - POOR HUSBANDRY
parasites - do fecal exams
cecal impactions
hepatic lipidosis - fat builds up in liver

integumentary diseases

Ulcerative pododermatitis = sore hocks
- obesity, LG breed, wire mesh cage, dirty cage
- can progress to severe infections
fungal infections

uterine tumors

COMMON
SPAY YOUR RABBIT

pseudopregnancy

nest building, fur pulling, mammary development, aggression
USUALLY non-problematic, but could lead to pyometra
or mastitis

Pasteurellosis

upper resp form = "snuffles"
most common bacterial infection
causative agent - Pasteurella multocida
present in many rabbits, only symptomatic when stressed/compromised
can lead to secondary infections (wry neck)
HIGHLY CONTAGIOUS

Enteritis

Mucoid enteropathy
enterotoxemia
Tyzzer's Dx
Coccidiosis

Mucoid Enteropathy

unknown cause; poor prognosis
usually in young rabbits, but can occur in old
symtoms range (constipation to diarrhea, hypothermia, depression, crouched posture)
hard to diagnose
PREVENT - high fiber diet, min stress

Enterotoxemia

normal bacteria growing out of control
"fatal diarrhea"
often caused by high energy diet
can be caused by ABX
nearly 100% mortality

Tyzzer's Disease

exposure to Clostridium spores
bacterial infection usually spread bc of poor husbandry
diarrhea, dehydration, anorexia
tough to eradicate

Coccidiosis

exposure to protozoan
younger animals may develop symptoms, older animals remain asymptomatic
can result in complete blockage of bile duct

Common parasites

ear mites
fur mite
flea and tick
fly larvae (cuterebra)
pinworms