> American history questions of the day

In the southern U.S. during the 1960s, many African-Americans protested jim Crow laws by taking seats in and refusing to leave white-only restaurants. Often, such protestors were arrested. One desired effect of such sit-ins was to:

Help bring about the repeal of segregation laws

Historians evaluate the credibility of sources using a number of criteria. What is one of the criteria that historians consider?

The accuracy and internal consistency of the source

A student is researching pop culture in the U.S. She has found a book on the subject and will need to determine whether it is a credible source. Which piece of information should she evaluate to determine the source's credibility

The author's qualifications

A government of a certain country has the following characteristics
1. The leader inherits power through the family
2. There are no limits to power
The gov't of this country can be described as:

Absolute Monarchy

How do citizens living in a dictatorship typically succeed in achieving governmental change?

Through participating in a revolution to overthrow the government

The Dec. of Ind. States, "That whenever any form becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or abolish it." These words describe the enlightenment idea of a:

Social contract between gov't and people

Which statement best reflects the philosophy of the Enlightenment thinkers regarding the power of a federal government

The gov't may exercise all powers necessary and proper to meet its responsibilities

During the debate over the ratification of the Constitution, Federalists and Anti-Federalists disagreed most often over:

Division of power between the federal government and the states

Under the Articles of Confederation, the gov't faced many challenges. The Passage of the Northwest Ordinance of 1787 was considered one of the primary successes of the period. Why was the Northwest Ordinance important?

It addressed the need for gov't in the Northwest Territory and established precedents for future governing of the U.S.

One way in which the U.S. Constitution differed from the Articles of Confederation was that the Constitution:

Created a federal gov't having three branches

How did the removal of federal troops after Reconstruction change the South?

It allowed racial discrimination to be institutionalized with the passage of Jim Crow Laws

Select all of the factors that enabled racism to become institutionalized in the U.S. following the end of the Reconstruction period.

Federal troops were removed from Southern states
The Supreme Court affirmed the principle of "separate but equal" in Plessy v. Ferguson

in the late 1800s and early 1900s, many changes occurred in U.S. agriculture as a result of industrialization, What is one way industrialization affected agriculture?

it reduced the amount of labor needed to grow crops

The goals of national labor unions in the late 1800s were mainly a response to the:

Poor working conditions and low wages in many industries

which source would provide the most credible information about the daily life of factory workers in the 1880s

a journal written by an employee at a factory

In the late 19th and 20th centuries, immigration to the U.S. who settled large cities typically lived in ethnic neighborhoods that were populated by people of similar backgrounds. What was one effect of these housing patterns?

Immigrants preserve their cultural heritage and some features of their cultures eventually became part of the mainstream culture

What is one way immigration to the U.S. in the late 1800s impacted the population distribution of the country?

It increased the population density of urban areas

How does the U.S. gov't use anti-trust laws to regulate economic activity

These laws prevent any one company from within an industry from forming a monopoly

Had the Industrial Revolution not taken place in the U.S., which of the following would have been a likely occurrence?

Fewer immigrants would have come to the U.S.

Consider the following developments in the late 19th century in the U.S:
1. the growth of industry
2.The passage of the Jim Crow laws in the southern states
What was on effect of both developments on human migration in the U.S?

The movement of African Americans from the south to the north

In a market economy, business owners are not regulated by the gov't and make production decisions based on the interaction of supply and demand. In a mixed economy, to what extent are business owners free to make production decisions?

business owners have freedom to make most decisions with some regulations from the gov't

Economic systems answer the question of how goods and services are produced. What statement reflects conditions in a market economy?

There is no gov't regulation of industry

The populist and the progressive movements were similar in their approaches to reform in that both:

Opposed the strict Laissez-Faire attitudes of the federal government

One objective of middle class reformers, such as the Progressives in the U.S. was to:

Curb the worst abuses of industrialization by gov't regulation

What is one of the political reforms that Progressive leaders advocated?

They wanted to end the corruption of the political machines that existed in many cities

The annexation of Hawaii, the Open Door Policy with China, and the construction of the Panama Canal were all motivated by an interest in:

Acquiring new markets and sources of raw materials

Which of the following was an economic reason for the U.S. to declare war on Spain in 1898

Hh

During the Spanish-American War, the U.S. Navy destroyed the entire Spanish fleet in Cuba and the Philippines. The U.S. Congress later voted for annexation of the Philippines. What was one reason for this act of U.S. Imperialism

To provide the U.S. with a valuable naval base in the Pacific

Why was it difficult for the U.S. to stay neutral during the first part of World War 1?

The U.S. had a close relationship with Great Britain, and the war interfered with trade

Vladimir Lenin, leader of the Russian Revolution said: "There can be no doubt that our army is absolutely in no condition to beat back a German offensive successfully." This quote could be used to support the thesis that:

Lenin believed that Russia should withdraw from World War I in 1917

What foreign policy did the U.S. pursue after its involvement in World War I?
A. The U.S. limited its involvement in international affairs
B. The U.S. led the League of Nations to promote peace
C. The U.S. paid for the rebuilding of England and France
D.

A. The U.S. limited its involvement in international affairs

After WW1, president Wilson played a role in shaping the treaty of Versailles. Despite President Wilson's efforts, the US Senate refused to ratify the Treaty. Which concern led the US Senate to reject the Treaty of Versailles?
A. The treaty would be too f

D. the treaty would draw the US into foreign entanglements through the league of nations

What is one way that the Federal Reserve System promotes economic stability in the U.S?

By regulating the actions of banks and lending institutions

Following WWI, large U.S. cities experienced increased competition for jobs and housing. Which development was a significant result of this pattern of urban changes?
A. New Deal legislation to create jobs and stimulate the economy
B. A population shift to

C. Race riots fueled by intolerance and continuing African-American migrations

Which social and economic movements are most closely identified with the 1920s?

Adopting women's suffrage and Prohibition

The Great Depression was caused by several key factors, resulting in a dramatic change in American society. Identify all factors that led to the Depression

Excessive lending and consumer debt
Speculation and the stock market crash
Federal Reserves constricts money supply

Which of the following statements is true about the impact of the Great Depression on the American people?

The Great Depression left large numbers of Americans without food or jobs

What policy might the Federal Reserve adopt to speed up an economic recession in the U.S. economy?

Lower its interest rates to encourage people to spend money

Which two factors caused residents of the Great Plains region to migrate to other areas of the country during the Dust Bowl or the 1930s?

Economic and Environmental

In 1933, FDR pledged to help bring an end to the Great DEpression. What is one way the U.S. gov't promoted economic stability during the early years of the New Deal?

By employing citizens through federal work programs

During the administration of FDR, Congress passed a series of laws that created agencies collectively labeled as the New Deal. In what way were the gov't actions under the New Deal significant for the U.S. in the 20th century?

They increased the role of the gov't in the nation's economy

Which of the following provides a possible explanation as a cause of the Great Depression of the 1930s?

American industries overproduced goods during the 1920s

How did the U.S. govt's role in the economy change as a result of the Great Depression?

The gov't expanded its role in regulating economic activity and promoting economic growth

A major reason for the isolationist trend in the United States following World War 1 was:

The disappointment over the outcomes of the war

If you wanted to learn what it was like to live in your town during WW1, why would reading a collection of letters written by townspeople during the war be a more credible source of info than a recent history book?

The letters contain firsthand knowledge of events when they occurred

During the late 1930s, the U.S. foreign policy can be best characterized by which of the following statements?

A desire to be isolated from the problems of Europe

In what way did the Treaty of Versailles create conditions that led to World War ||

It imposed harsh reparation payments on Germany, which led to resentment towards the Allies

In 1923, Adolf Hitler, the future leader of Germany declared, "The day must come when a German gov't shall summon up the courage to declare to the foreign powers: The Treaty of Versailles is found on a monstrous lie! We fulfill nothing more." This quote w

Hitler used German resentment toward the Treaty of Versailles to gain power

The attack on Pearl Harbor caused changes in American domestic policies. Which event was a consequence of the attack on Pearl Harbor?

The U.S. forced Japanese-Americans to relocate to interment camps

As WW2 was nearing an end it was clear that the Allies would be victorious Relations between the U.S. and the Soviet Union could be described as:
A) Never better as the two nations agreed on postwar issues
B) Good as both Truman and Stalin trusted each ot

Becoming increasingly suspicious of each others' motives

1945, the us dropped atomic bombs on the japanese cities of hiroshima nagasaki how did the soviet union respond to this military action?

it invested deployment on and successfully tested its own nuclear weapons

During WW2, the us gov't created a system to ration the distribution of certain resources such as gasoline. How did this new system of regulations affect the distribution of resources in the us?

it limited the number of goods individuals could purchase

What legal justification has the U.S. gov't used for restricting freedom of the press during wartime?

Reporting military secrets could threaten national security

The change in the nation's attitude towards membership in the League of Nations and membership in the United Nations shows the contrast between:

isolationism and interventionism

The U.S. followed a policy of containment during the Cold War in response to the spread of Communism. How did the Marshall Plan aim to contain the spread of Communism

It helped to rebuild and strengthen western European economies

President Truman: "The seeds of communism are nurtured by misery and want. The free peoples of the world look to us for support in maintaining their freedoms..." This statement would be helpful in supporting the thesis that in 1947, Truman believed that t

Should help maintain democratic governments in other countries

The Berlin Blockade, The Berlin Airlift, The Warsaw Pact, and the construction of the Berlin Wall. These 4 events of the Cold War are examples of:

Situations that increase tensions between communist and democratic nations in Europe

Who was in charge of investigating claims of communist activity in the businesses, armed forces, universities, and other areas of American life during the 2nd red scare in the early 1950s?

House Un-American Activities Committee

What was President John F. Kennedy's response to Soviet plans to install nuclear missiles in Cuba in 1962?

He placed a blockade around Cuba and threatened war

The Soviet Union and the U.S. clashed over how Korea should be governed after WW||. How did the ideological conflict between the Soviets and the U.S. affect the division of the Korean peninsula?

It created political conflict, leading to a communist-controlled north and an anti-communist south

Following WW|| the Soviet Union dominated the countries of eastern Europe. Forty years later, the Soviet Union bloc disinterested, and the Soviet Union broke apart as well. These later events led to:

Struggles for political control in countries formerly under the control of the Soviet Union

How did the methods advocated by the Black Panthers to achieve their goals differ from those of Dr. Martin Luther King?

They considered the use of violence to protect their own communities