World Geography Notes 2020 (Europe)

Scandinavian Peninsula

Norway and Sweden

Jutland Peninsula

Denmark and Germany

Iberian peninsula

Spain and Portugal

Balkan Peninsula

Serbia, Montenegro, Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia

Aegean Peninsula


Italian (Apennine) Peninsula


-Ancient, eroded hills and low mountains
-Contains Norway and the fjords that were carved out by glacial movement

NW Highlands

-Broad coastal plain that stretches from France to the Urals
-Excellent water and soil resources
-Many large cities located on Northern European Plain/ Densely -populated
-Home to most developed agricultural and industrial sites

Northern European Plain

-Area with hills, small plateaus, forests, and fertile valleys
-Old, eroded region
-Has significant coal deposits

Central Uplands

-Has Europe's major mts. ---> Alps, Carpathians and Apennines
-Stretches from France's Mediterranean coast to the Balkan Peninsula
-The youngest physical region

Alpine Mt. System

How much of the Netherlands is below sea level?

about 27%

What does the name Holland mean?

Wooded land

How did the Dutch reclaim land from the sea?

they created polders, drained the swamps and built up the land

The Netherlands is famous for what?

The Netherlands is famous for its many canals that cut through the country. They drain the land and serve as waterways.

Major Waters in Europe

North Sea, Mediterranean Sea,

North Sea

Fishing, trade, oil and gas deposit

Major Rivers of Europe

Danube and Rhine and Thames

flows eastward through 9 countries in central and eastern Europe and empties into the Black Sea

Danube Riv.

starts in the Swiss Alps and flows into the North Sea

Rhine Riv.

runs through London, England

Thames Riv.

Most of the region used to be part of the __________ Empire

Roman Empire

When did the the Roman Empire collapse?

400s AD

Roman Empire gives the biggest influence of _________________

Language and Imperialism

What does Romantic languages originate from?


What were Europe's languages?


What religion was the majority when the Roman Empire took power?

Christianity ; The Crusades

In the late 1400s what kinds of renaissance spread throughout Europe

Art, politics, culture, religion

What occurred in the 1500s

Protestant Reformation

What happened in the early 1700s

Enlightenment Era

Mid 1700s

Industrial Revolution

20th Century

WWI, WWII (1939 - 1945), and Cold War

What were the Central Powers?

Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire, Bulgaria

What were the Allied Powers?

Great Britain, France, Russia

When was the Treaty of Versailles signed?


70% of workers are in the

Tertiary Industry

What were some transportations

Roads, rail lines, waterways, airline routes

What was the EU

-One trading community
-Eliminates tariffs and other trade barriers


the splitting apart of countries


- Multinational state containing many ethnic (cultural) and religious groups.
- They opposed the domination of one ethnic group, the Serbs (Serbia).
- Tensions rise b/n Muslims and Christians.