World History: Modern Ancient World

Polis

A city-state in ancient Greece.

Spartan Government

consisted of two kings who controlled (one king dealt with the military while the other took care of matters at home), a Council of Elders, and an assembly

Athenian Democracy

A type of government used in Athens which is sort of a combine of majority rule and democracy.

Socrates

(470-399 BCE) An Athenian philosopher who thought that human beings could lead honest lives and that honor was far more important than wealth, fame, or other superficial attributes.

Moses

the Hebrew prophet who led the Israelites from Egypt across the Red sea on a journey known as the Exodus received the 10 commandants from Gods

Exodus

the departure of the Israelites out of slavery in Egypt across the Red sea

Hellenistic Judaism

a form of Judaism in the ancient world that combined Jewish religious tradition with elements of Greek culture.

God-fearers

Gentiles who embraced Jewish theology, worship, and morality, but who did not convert fully to Judaism, viewing such matters as circumcision and purity laws as being for ethnic Jews only.

Tribunes

An officer of ancient Rome elected by the plebeians to protect their rights from arbitrary acts of the patrician magistrates.

Julius Caesar

100-44 B.C. Roman general who became the republic's dictator in 45 B.C.

Augustus Caesar

a Roman statesman and military leader who was the first emperor of the Roman Empire, reigning from 27 BC until his death in AD 14. His status as the founder of the Roman Principe has consolidated an enduring legacy as one of the most effective and controv

Septimius Severus (193-211)

was a Roman emperor. His reign is notable for the militarization of the government, growing Oriental influences in society, and high development of civil law. Severus was an African from Leptis Magna.

Docetism

heterodox doctrine that the phenomenon of Jesus, his historical and bodily existence, and above all the human form of Jesus, was mere semblance without any true reality.

Arianism

a nontrinitarian Christological doctrine which asserts the belief that Jesus Christ is the Son of God who was begotten by God the Father at a point in time, a creature distinct from the Father and the son is therefore subordinate to him

Council of Nicaea

the first council in the history of the Christian church that was intended to address the entire body of believers. It was convened by the emperor Constantine to resolve the controversy of Arianism, a doctrine that held that Christ was not divine but was

Constantine

Emperor of Rome who adopted the Christian faith and stopped the persecution of Christians (280-337)

Roman Republic

Government ruled by a senate, spoke Latin, and borrowed heavily from Greek culture. They militarily expanded their territory for centuries but the senate eventually was overthrown by an imperial system.