World History

_____ was spread by disciples of _____ and by ____ __ ______. With an emphasis on _____, _____ ____ ______, and the promise of ___ _____, Christianity appealed widely to lower classes and ______. By the 3rd century CE, Christianity became the most influen

Christianity, Jesus, Paul of Tarsus, compassion, grace through faith, eternal life, women, Roman Empire, trade, warfare, migration, Buddhism, Hinduism, Roman Empire, Silk Road, Indian Ocean, East, Southeast

______ grew up in the city of _____ in the ____ desert where he was exposed to many different beliefs because of trade routes through Mecca. Muhammad as a child was exposed to _____, _____ and many polytheistic faiths. Once he starts preaching the monothe

Muhammad, Mecca, Arabian, Judaism, Christianity, Judaism, Christianity, religious, economic, Medina, Arab, Dar al Islam, House of Islam

The _____ literally means _____ which was apparent in the _____. In ______, powerful families in city states such as Florence, Venice and Milan became rich on ____ which fueled the arts. The _____ Family in Florence turned to showcase ____ and _____ by ac

Renaissance, rebirth, arts, Italy, trade, Medici architecture, beauty, patrons, printing press, middle class, papercrafting, literate, educated, religious, Bible, Reformation

Prior to the ____ ______, most of the world believed that the Earth was the center of the universe and that the Sun, stars and planets revolved around the Earth. As Europe changed with the _______ and the ___ ____, the growth of ____ grew and gave way to

Scientific Revolution, Renaissance, Protestant Reformation, universities, Nicolaus Copernicus, Galileo Galilei, observation, reason, experiment , mathematical, microscope, telescope, practical, labor-saving, water, wind

The ____, ____ ____ and the conquest of the ________ __ _________ was made possible by new financing schemes that now form the basis of our modern economies. Timing was on the Europeans side. First, the _____ gave in to the state interests by revising the

trading, empire building, Ago of Exploration, church, charging interest, joint-stock company, shares, stocks,

How do you calculate centuries?

Divide the year by 100, drop the decimals and add one. Ex. To calculate the century in which the year 1955 is, divide 1955 by 100. You will get 19.55. Drop the decimals and add one (19 + 1). The result is 20.

Greece Map

Rome Map

Most of the world's early civilizations were located in...

river valleys

Why were ancient civilizations drawn to river valleys?

Supply of water, rich nutrient soil for farming, a lot of plants and animals for food and transportation.

What does Mesopotamia mean?

between the rivers

What were the two rivers in Mesopotamia?

Tigris and Euphrates

What civilization rose in the southern part of Mesopotamia?

Sumerian Civilization

What is the Sumerian Civilization known for?

cuneiform (a form of writing that set down laws, treaties, and important social and religious customs), the wheel, a 12-month calendar and a mathematical system based on units of 60, the usage of geometry to survey the land, develop architectural enhancem

What river did the ancient Egyptian Civilization build their farms, cities and towns around?

Nile River

Does the Nile flood at predictable times of the year? Why is that a good thing?

yes. It helps with farming and leads to substantial gains in food supplies

Fill in the blanks: Rulers of Egypt known as _________, directed the construction of obelisks and the pyramids which were enormous _______ for the afterlife. Egyptians used a writing system based off of a series of pictures called _________. The Egyptians

pharaohs, tombs, hieroglyphics, astronomy

Shang China rose in the ____ _____ __________ and like other river-basin communities used is agricultural surplus to build a _____________ civilization. At its height, the ______ ______ controlled large parts of northern China and were ________ quite powe

Yellow River Valley, trade-centered, Shang Dynasty, militarily, bronze, horse-drawn, spoked, pottery, decimal, accurate, important, patriarchal, gods, spirits.

The ________ Empire arose in India and it would come to be the largest in the country to date. The main reason it grew so powerful and wealthy was because of _______. The Indian Merchants traded _____, _______ and __________ to Mesopotamia and the Eastern

Mauryan, trade, silk, cotton and elephants, Ashoka, Pillar, generous, Buddhism, declined, Chandra Gupta II, Gupta, peace, science, pi, 9

Isreal lies in the crossroads linking __________, ___________ and ___________. Areas rich in resources were often ________ by others. The Hebrews were a ________ people that occupied areas near ____________ and eventually developed an ____________ way of

Egypt, Mesopotamia, and Arabia, controlled, nomadic, settlements, agricultural, trading network, Judaism, monotheistic, invaded, God's chosen people, freed, captivity

Approximately 2000 BCE to around 500 CE, two Mediterranean civilizations, ________ and ___________, dominated the region. Western Civilization began with these two empires. The most important contribution was the concept of _______ _________ but the _____

Greece, Roman, representative government, Greeks, Romans, Persians, art, architecture, science, philosophy

Ancient _____ was located on a peninsula between the waters of ____ and the Mediterranean Seas. Because Greece is mostly _______ there was not much possibility of agricultural development. But Greece did have _____ ______ and _____ ________ and its ______

Greece, Aegean, mountainous, natural harbor, mild weather, coastal position, polytheistic, human failings, Pericles, cultural, Pericles, democracy, males, Philosophy, comedies, tragedies, architecture, Doric, Ionic, Corinthian, Math, Science

_______ is well situated with the Alps providing protection from a land attack and the ______ peninsula protecting against a naval attack while at the same time being at a crossroads and easily accessible to northern Africa, Palestine, Greece and the Iber

Rome, Italian, civil rights, Twelve Tables of Rome, imperial, pax romana

____ ____, in combination with external pressure, brought the ____ of the Roman Empire. The sheer _____, expenses to maintain it, the _________ of the weak and a series of ______ all caused the empire to collapse. Emperor ______ tried to deal with the inc

internal decay, fall, size, succession, epidemics, Diocletian, two regions, co-emperors, imperial, budget, capped, inflation, civil war, Constantine, Constantinople, shrinking, external pressures, thrived, fallen, Sassanid Persian Empire, Visigoths, Visig

The fall of _____ left Europe fragmented with tribes and lords fighting for supremacy. ____ declined and self-sufficiency became necessary. The estates of wealthy landowners became centers of _____ _____ and provided a degree of __________. This system ga

Rome, trade, agricultural production, protection, Feudalism, hierarchy, Nobles, vassals, fiefs, manors, lords, peasants, worked, protection, Japan

Describe Japanese Feudalism.

In 1192, Yorimoto Minamoto was given the title of chief general or ___shogun__ by the emperor. Below the shogun was the __daimyo___, owners of large tracts of land. The daimyo were powerful _samurai____ who were both part __warrior___ and part _noble_____

Compare and Contrast European and Japanese Feudalism.

They were the same in political and social structure and honor code. They were different in the treatment of women and legal arrangements. In Europe, the feudal contract was just a contract - obligation enforced by law. In Japan, the feudal arrange was ba