Chapter 12 Q&A History

What were the motivations for the new imperialism?

Economic: raw materials and new markets (oil, tin, rubber)
Nationalistic Rivalries: increased their power over other nations
Ideological: a sense of moral democracy, and capitalism social Darwinism

What led to Western dominance in Southeast Asia respond to colonial rule?

Great Britain, France, and the United States all sough access to China through its Asian neighbors. Britain also sought to protect its possessions in India.

How did indigenous people in Southeast Asia respond to colonial rule?

Resistance took 3 forms: resistance form ruling class, peasant revolts, Westernized urban middle class began to demand national independence

Why were European countries interested in West Africa and North Africa?

Both regions were sought because of their raw materials and products: peanuts, timber hides, and palm oil.

Why did European countries compete for colonies in Central and East Africa?

Europeans wanted colonies in Central and East Africa for national pride, to spread their religion, and civilize the local indigenous people.

How was European dominance different in South Africa?

In South Africa, the British had to contend not only with a native population, but with a significant population of Boers who felt that the land was theirs Competition between white groups over land and over rich mineral resources led to war.

How did European governance led to African nationalism?

Young intellectual Africans hoped to create independent states that reflected Western values. Their resentment was intensified because the Western rulers refused to acknowledge their idealistic aims.

Explain why the Muslim League was created. What were the advantages of its formation? What were the disadvantages?

Hindus dominated National Congress; represented Muslim interests; split nationalist movement.

List the economic costs to the Indian people that resulted from India being ruled by the British. What benefits to the Indian populations, if any, resulted in British rule?

British textiles destroyed local industry, peasants overtaxed, cotton growing led to mass starvation; new school system.

What led to an Indian independence movement?

Indian nationalists formed the Indian National Congress, which called for as share in governing. On 1914, Mohandas Gandhi revitalized the independence movement with nonviolent protest.

What was the impact of US involvement in Latin America in the early 1900s?

US involvement intensified Latin America;s problems: Latin America produced raw materials but depended on other for foreign goods.

What were the causes and effects of the Mexican Revolution?

Causes include workers' wages declining and ineffective reforms. Effects include a constitution with male suffrage, and reform, and workers rights.

How did prosperity change Latin America after 1870?

The middle sectors of society grew. They advocated reform but often sided with landowning elites.