Chapter 11 Review- World History

What are the three dynasties?

The Han dynasty is considered to have set the standard for the Chinese dynasties that followed. In fact, the Chinese word for someone who is Chinese means "a man of Han

What is the Sui dynasty?

-The Han dynasty ended in 220, and China fell into chaos.
-For the next three hundred years, the Chinese suffered through disorder and civil war.
-Then, in 581, a new empire was set up under a dynasty known as the Sui (SWAY).
-The Sui dynasty (581-618) di

What was the Tang Dynasty?

-A new dynasty, the Tang, soon emerged.
- It would last for nearly three hundred years, from 618 until 907.
-The early Tang rulers created a more stable economy by giving land to the peasants and breaking up the large estates to reduce the power of their

What is the Song Dynasty?

-In 960 a new dynasty known as the Song rose to power.
-The Song ruled during a period of prosperity and cultural achievement, from 960 to 1279.
-From the start, the Song also experienced problems, especially from northern neighbors.
-These groups crossed

What is the government and economy like in China?

The era from the beginning of the Sui dynasty to the end of the Song dynasty lasted nearly 700 years.
-During that period, a mature political system based on principals first put into practice during the Qin and Han dynasties gradually emerged in China.

What is Chinese Society like?

Economic changes such as increased trade had an impact on Chinese society.
-For wealthier city dwellers, the Tang and Song eras were an age of prosperity.
-There was probably no better example than the Song capital of Hangzhou.
-In the late thirteenth cen

Who are the mongols?

-Due largely to their military prowess, the Mongols rose to power in Asia with stunning speed.
-The Mongols were a pastoral people from the region of modern-day Mongolia who were organized loosely into clans.
-Tem�jin, born during the 1160's gradually uni

What were some of the problems that led to the Mongol downfall?

too much spending on foreign conquests
corruption at court
growing internal instability
-In 1368 Zhu Yuanzhang, the son of a peasant, put together an army, ended the Mongol dynasty, and set up the Ming dynasty

What is the religion and Government like for the new dynastys that were popping up like the Sui and Tang dynasty?

-Confucian principles became the basis for Chinese government during the Han dynasty.
-By the time of the Sui and Tang dynasty, Buddhism and Daoism rivaled the influence of Confucianism

What happened with Buddhism and Daoism?

-Buddhism was brought to China in the first century A.D. by merchants and missionaries from India
-At first, only merchants and intellectuals were intrigued by the new ideas.
-However, as result of the insecurity that prevailed after the collapse of the H

Buddhism teachings?

Buddhists taught that the material world was not real, but an illusion.

Confucianism teachings?

the need for devotion to family and hard work.

What is net-confucianism?

-From the Song dynasty to the end of the dynastic system in the twentieth century, official support went to a revived Confucianism, which became the heart of the state government.
-This new doctrine, called net-confucianism served as a Confucian response

What is a golden age in Literature in Art for the dynasties?

-The period between the Tang and Ming dynasties was in many ways the great age of Chinese literature.
-The invention of printing during the Tang dynasty helped to make literature more readily available and more popular among the educated elite.
-Most Chin

What does poetry have to deal with a golden age in literature and art?

-It was in poetry, above all, that the Chinese of this time best expressed their literary talents
-The Tang dynasty is viewed as the great age of poetry in China
-At least 48,000 poems were written by some 2,200 authors.
-Poetry was expected to encourage

Who were the mongols?

-When news of the Mongol conquests in Asia reached Europe, emissaries traveled to Mongol territories to learn about them.
-The historian Matthew Paris, relying on a mixture of facts and embellishments, painted an alarming picture.
-Marco Polo, writing abo

What did painting and ceramics have to deal with the Mongols?

-During the Song and Mongol dynasties, landscape painting reached its high point.
-Influenced by Daoism, artists went into the mountains to find the Dao, or Way, in nature
-Chinese artists tried to reveal the hidden forms of the landscape
-Rather than dep

What is early Japan like?

-Japan's history has been marked by power struggles between rulers and independent families.
-Geography has also played an important role in the development of Japanese history.
-Chinese and Japanese societies have historically been very different
-One of

What was the Nara period?

After, Shotoku Taishi's death in 622, political power fell into the hands of the Fujiwara clan.
-A Yamato ruler was still emperor
-He was, however, strongly influenced by the Fujiwara family.
-In 710 a new capital was established at Nara.
-The emperor now

What is the Heian Period?

-In 794 the emperor moved the capital from Nara to nearby Henan-Kyo, on the site of present day Kyoto.
-The emperor continued to rule in name, but actual power remained in the hands of the Fujiwara clan.
-In fact, the government was returning to the decen

What is the Kamakura Shogunate?

-By the end of the twelfth century, rivalries among Japanese aristocratic families had led to almost constant civil war.
-Finally, a powerful noble named Minamoto Yoritomo defeated several rivals and set up his power near the modern city of Tokyo.
-To str

What is the collapse of central rule?

-The power of the local aristocrats grew during the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries.
-Heads of noble families, now called daimyo, or "great names", controlled vast landed estates that owed no taxes to the government
-As family rivalries continued, the

What is life in Early Japan like?

-Early Japan was mostly a farming society
-Its people took advantage of the limited amount of farmland and abundant rainfall to grow wet rice.
-Trade in Japan was slow to develop
-Barter was used until the twelfth century
-Manufacturing began to develop d

What was the role of women in early japan?

In early Japan, women may have had a certain level of equality with men.
-An eighth-century law code, for example, guaranteed the inherence rights of women.
-In addition, wives who were abandoned could divorce and remarry
-Later practices, however show th

What is early japan religion and culture like?

-Early Japanese people worshipped sprits, called kami, whom they believed resided in trees, rivers, and mountains
-The Japanese also believed that the spirits of their ancestors were present in the air around them.
-In Japan, these beliefs evolved into a

What is the emergence of Korea?

-The Korean Peninsula, only slightly larger than the state of Minnesota, is relatively mountainous.
-It's closeness to both China and Japan has greatly affected its history.
-Indeed, no society in East Asia was more strongly influenced by the Chinese mode

What is India after the Guptas?

-For hundreds of years, Buddhism retained widespread acceptance among the Indian people
-The teachings of the Buddha came to be interpreted in many different ways, however people did not always agree on the meaning of Buddha's teachings, resulting in a sp

What is the Eastward Expansion of Islam?

In the early eighth century, Islam has became popular in the NW part of Indian subcontinent and had a major impact on Indian civilization.
-This impact is still evident today in the division of the subcontinent in mostly Hindu India and two Islamic states

What is Indian society and Culture like?

-The imposition of Islamic rule by Mahm?d of Ghazna and his successors created a level of general tension in Indian society.
-The life of the typical Indian, however, remained about the same as it had been fr the past several hundred years
-The Muslim rul

What is the formation of states in Southeast Asia?

Between 500 and 1500, a number of organized states developed throughout Southeast Asia.
-When the peoples of the region began to form states, they used models from China and India.
-At the same time, they adapted these models to their own needs and create

What is Vietnam all about?

-The Vietnamese were one of the first peoples in Southeast Asia to develop their own state and their own culture.
-After the Chinese finally conquered Vietnam in 111 B.C., they tried for centuries to make Vietnam part of China.
-However, Chinese officials

What is Angkor, Thai, and Burma?

-In the ninth century, the kingdom of Angkor arose in the region that is present day Cambodia
-The kingdoms was formed when a powerful figure named Jayvarman united the Khmer people and established a capital at Angkor Thom.
-In 802, Jayvaraman was crowned

What is the Malay World? (finish )

-In the Malay Peninsula and the Indonesian archipelago, a different pattern emerged.
-For centuries, this area had been tied to the trade that passed from East Asia into the Indian Ocean.
-The area had never been united under a single state
-The vast majo

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