Reproductive system proctorio

Match the number with the organ or structure.

1 C. seminal vesicle
2 B. bulbourethral gland
3 A. teste
4 D. epididymis

Match the number to the organ (note: #2 is not used).

1 B. ovary
3 A. uterus
4 D. cervix
5 C. urethra

The male gonads have both sperm-producing and testosterone-producing functions and are called:

testes

Androgens such as testosterone are produced by the:

interstitial cells

The correct descending order of the male duct system (from inside to outside) is:

epididymis, ductus deferens, ejaculatory duct, urethra

Maturing sperm gain their ability to swim while in the:

True

Which one of the following is NOT true of the spermatic cord:

it encloses the epididymis

A fertilized egg, which is the first cell of a new individual developing within the uterus is called a(n):

zygote

Each spermatid and ovum have:

23 chromosomes

Fertilization usually occurs in the:

uterine (fallopian) tubes

For women aged 40-49, the American Cancer Society recommends mammography every __________ to detect breast cancer too small to feel.

two years

Labor is initiated by prostaglandins and __________.

Oxytocin

Parturition is another term for:

childbirth

Spermatogenesis begins:

during puberty

The corpus luteum is a special glandular structure of the ovaries that primarily produces:

progesterone/estrogen

The clusters of specific glands that produce milk when a woman is lactating are called:

alveolar glands

The final outcome of meiosis within both the testicles and the ovaries is:

four gametes

The hormone responsible for ovulation is:

luteinizing hormone

The hormone secreted in increasing amounts during puberty that causes the spermatogonium to produce one type A daughter cell and one type B daughter cell is:

follicle-stimulating hormone

The mammary glands are:

modified sweat glands in both males and females

The ________ is the muscular layer of the uterus.

myometrium

The corpus luteum serves which role?

It produces progesterone to prepare the uterus.

Which of the following female structures is homologous to the male scrotum?

labia majora

The structures that receive the ovulated oocyte, providing a site for fertilization, are called the ________.

Fallopian tubes

The soft mucosal lining of the uterus is the endometrium.

True

The primary function of the uterus is to ________.

receive, retain, and nourish a fertilized ovum

The most important risk for testicular cancer in young males is ________.

undescended testes

How do the testes respond to exposure to excessive body warmth?

They move away from the pelvic cavity.

The most common STD is syphilis.

False