The reform movements of the first half of the nineteenth century reflected which of the following impulses?

both an optimistic faith in human nature, and a desire for control and order

The most important and popular American painters of the early nineteenth century

considered untamed nature the best source of spiritual inspiration

The first great American novelist was

James Fenimore Cooper.

Transcendentalists believed that

reason" was more important than "understanding.

In his essay "Resistance to Civil Government," Henry David Thoreau claimed an individual should

refuse to obey unjust laws.

American utopians

attracted thousands of followers during the antebellum period.

The Oneida Community

believed it liberated women from the demands of male "lust" and from traditional bonds of family.

Like other experiments in social organization of this era, Mormonism reflected

a belief in human perfectibility.

Evangelical Protestantism added major strength to which of the following reforms?


Each of the following was an example of new ideas about health in this era EXCEPT

reforms promulgated by city health boards to cure epidemics.

The emphasis on educational reform was consistent with the spirit of the age because it

focused on teaching children the values of order and discipline.

The creation of asylums

attempted to rehabilitate "unfit" people into useful citizens.

As women in various reform movements confronted the problems they faced in a male- dominated society, they responded by

setting in motion the first important feminist movement.

Which of the following groups was most involved in the feminist movement?


Educational reformers intended public schools to perform all of the following roles EXCEPT

to raise questions and criticisms of authority.

After 1830, which of the following reform movements began to overshadow the others?


The most noted black abolitionist of the day was

Frederick Douglass

Opponents of abolitionism in the North believed

A) abolitionists were dangerous radicals.
B) the movement would lead to a war between the North and South.
C) the movement would lead to a great influx of free blacks into the North.
D) All these answers are correct.

Immediate abolition gradually accomplished was the slogan of

moderate antislavery forces.

Personal liberty laws

forbade state officials to assist in the capture and return of runaways.

The movement that advocated keeping slavery out of the territories was known as the

free-soil movement.

Throughout the North, black Americans

defended their freedom and responded eagerly to the cause of abolitionism.

The creation of "asylums" for social deviants was an effort to:

reform and rehabilitate the inmates.