The Southern failure to create a flourishing commercial or industrial economy was in part the result of
a set of values distinctive to the South that discouraged the growth of cities and industry.
The most important economic development in the mid-nineteenth-century South was the
shift of economic power from the "upper South" to the "lower South.
The expansion of Southern agriculture from 1820 to 1860 was due to the expanded cultivation of
short-staple cotton in the Black Belt.
The South in 1860, in contrast to 1800, had become
increasingly unlike the North and increasingly sensitive to criticism.
A minority of Southern whites owned slaves,
but the slaveholding planters exercised power and influence far in excess of their numbers.
The South had a "colonial" economy in that
it produced raw materials and purchased finished products.
According to the "cavalier" image, Southern planters were
The Southern concept of honor
resulted in the adoption of an elaborate code of chivalry.
Most Southern white "ladies" were
relatively isolated from people outside their own families.
The typical white Southerner was
a modest yeoman farmer.
Although most whites did not own slaves, most supported the plantation system because
A) it controlled the slaves.
B) they had economic ties to it.
C) slaveholder and nonslaveholder were often related.
D) they identified with fierce regional loyalties.
E) All these answers are correct.
Which of the following was NOT a condition of slave life in the South?
the freedom to use the time after work as they wished
The slave codes of the Southern states
contained rigid provisions but were unevenly enforced.
Slaves seemed to prefer to live on larger plantations because
they had more opportunities for privacy and for a social world of their own.
Which of the following statements about Southern slavery is true?
The majority of slaveowners were small farmers, but the majority of slaves lived on plantations of medium or large size.
Slave resistance in the South often took all of the following forms EXCEPT
Slaves used music
as a means of expressing their dreams and frustrations.
The historical debate over the nature of plantation slavery demonstrates
the extent to which historians are influenced by the times in which they write.
In The Black Family in Slavery and Freedom (1976), Herbert Gutman argues that
the black family survived slavery with impressive strength.
sometimes combined Christianity with traditional African religions.
The only "successful" slave insurrection in the nineteenth-century South was led by
Black adaptation to slavery
produced a rich and complex culture in support of racial pride and unity.
consistently operated on the model of the "nuclear family.