The Southern failure to create a flourishing commercial or industrial economy was in part the result of

a set of values distinctive to the South that discouraged the growth of cities and industry.

The most important economic development in the mid-nineteenth-century South was the

shift of economic power from the "upper South" to the "lower South.

The expansion of Southern agriculture from 1820 to 1860 was due to the expanded cultivation of

short-staple cotton in the Black Belt.

The South in 1860, in contrast to 1800, had become

increasingly unlike the North and increasingly sensitive to criticism.

A minority of Southern whites owned slaves,

but the slaveholding planters exercised power and influence far in excess of their numbers.

The South had a "colonial" economy in that

it produced raw materials and purchased finished products.

According to the "cavalier" image, Southern planters were

genteel aristocrats.

The Southern concept of honor

resulted in the adoption of an elaborate code of chivalry.

Most Southern white "ladies" were

relatively isolated from people outside their own families.

The typical white Southerner was

a modest yeoman farmer.

Although most whites did not own slaves, most supported the plantation system because

A) it controlled the slaves.
B) they had economic ties to it.
C) slaveholder and nonslaveholder were often related.
D) they identified with fierce regional loyalties.
E) All these answers are correct.

Which of the following was NOT a condition of slave life in the South?

the freedom to use the time after work as they wished

The slave codes of the Southern states

contained rigid provisions but were unevenly enforced.

Slaves seemed to prefer to live on larger plantations because

they had more opportunities for privacy and for a social world of their own.

Which of the following statements about Southern slavery is true?

The majority of slaveowners were small farmers, but the majority of slaves lived on plantations of medium or large size.

Slave resistance in the South often took all of the following forms EXCEPT

armed revolts.

Slaves used music

as a means of expressing their dreams and frustrations.

The historical debate over the nature of plantation slavery demonstrates

the extent to which historians are influenced by the times in which they write.

In The Black Family in Slavery and Freedom (1976), Herbert Gutman argues that

the black family survived slavery with impressive strength.

African-American religion

sometimes combined Christianity with traditional African religions.

The only "successful" slave insurrection in the nineteenth-century South was led by

Nat Turner.

Black adaptation to slavery

produced a rich and complex culture in support of racial pride and unity.

Slave families

consistently operated on the model of the "nuclear family.