The goal of the Jacksonians was to

ensure that people could rise to prominence on the basis of their own talents and energies.

During the Jacksonian era, the number of voters

view that institutionalized parties were a desirable part of the political process.

Which of the following did Jackson and the Jacksonians NOT attack?

the "spoils system

Which of the following was NOT a democratic reform of the age of Jackson?

adoption of the secret ballot

The most significant change regarding "party" to take place in the Jacksonian era was the

view that institutionalized parties were a desirable part of the political process.

Historians of the Jacksonian era

have debated whether he was really a supporter of the "common man.

The South Carolina Exposition and Protest condemned as unconstitutional the

tariff of abominations.

John C. Calhoun advanced the theory of nullification as

a moderate alternative to secession.

The most significant result of the Eaton affair was that

Martin Van Buren emerged as Jackson's choice to succeed him.

Robert Y. Hayne supported the continued sale of western lands in an effort to

get western support for efforts to reduce the tariff.

Daniel Webster's "Second Reply to Hayne" was made in an attempt to

refute Calhoun's theory of nullification.

The "force bill" of 1833

authorized the president to use force to see that acts of Congress were obeyed.

The Black Hawk War

occurred because Black Hawk and his followers refused to recognize a treaty by which they ceded their lands to the U.S.

The "Five Civilized Tribes" were the

Cherokee, Creek, Seminole, Chickasaw, and Choctaw.

The Cherokees were supported in their unsuccessful battle against removal by

the Supreme Court.

The Seminoles

were never completely removed from their lands in Florida.

When the Indian removal was completed,

only elements of the Seminoles and Cherokees remained.

Under Nicholas Biddle, the national bank

restrained poorly managed state banks.

The national bank was supported by

eastern business interests.

Determined to reduce the Bank's power even before its charter expired, Jackson

removed government deposits from the Bank

After the Panic of 1837, the Democrats' efforts to produce a new financial system resulted in the creation of

the "independent treasury" or "subtreasury" system.

The campaign of 1840

featured a prot�g� of Jackson's who proved unable to convince the electorate that he was a supporter of the "common man.

The penny press

did not use banner headlines to attract a readership.

The Whig Party

A) favored expanding the power of the federal government.
B) encouraged industrial and commercial development.
C) advocated knitting the country together into a consolidated economic system.
D) both favored expanding the power of the federal government an

Roger B. Taney's tenure as chief justice

helped modify Marshall's vigorous nationalism.