Chapter 3: Setting the Northern Colonies, 1619-1700

Principal motivation shaping the earliest settlements in New England was

religious commitment and devotion

Compared with the Plymouth colony, the Massachusetts Bay colony was

larger and more prosperous economically

One reason that the Massachusetts Bay colony was not a true democracy is that

only church members could vote for the governor and General Court

The most distinctive feature of the Rhode Island colony was that

it enjoyed the most complete religious freedom of all the English colonies

Before the first English settlements in New England, Indians in the region had been devestated by

disease epidemics cause by contact with English fishermen


The Indian Tribe that first encountered the Pilgram colonists in New England

The Puritan missionary effots to convert Indians to Christianity were

weak and mostly unsuccessful

King Philip's War represented

The last major Indian effort to halt New Englanders' encroachment on their lands

The primary value of the New England confederation lay in

providing the first small step on the road to intercolonial cooperation

The event that sparked the collapse of the Dominion of New England was

King Philip's War

The Dutch Colony of New England

enjoyed prosperity and peace under the policies of the Dutch India company

The short-lived colony conquered by the Dutch in (year)

New Sweden (1655)

William Penn's colony of Pennsylvania

set up Quaker religion as its tax supported established church

Besides Pennsylavania, Quakers were also heavily involved in the early settlement of

New Jersey and Deleware

The middle colonies of New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Deleware

all had powerful established churches that suppressed religious dissenters

Catholic Reform

Sixteeth-century religious reform movement begun by Martin Luther


English Calvanists who sought a thorough cleasing from within the church of England


Roadical calvinsts who considered the Church of England so corrupt that they broke from it and formed their own independent churches

Mayflower Compact

the shipboard agreement by the Pilgram Fathers to establish a political body and submit to majority rule


Puritans term for their belief that Massachusetts Bay had a special arrangement with God to become a holy society

Dismissal of Parliment

Charles I's political action of 1629 that lef to the persecution of putitains and the formation of the Massachusetts Bay Company

Fishing & Ship building

The two major nonfarming industries of Massachusetts Bay


Anne Hutchinson's heretical belief that the truly saved not obey human or divine law.


Common fate of Roger Williams and Anne Hutchinson after they were convicted of heresy in Massachusetts Bay

Praying Towns

Villages where New England Indians who converted to Christianity were gathered

King Philip's War

Successful military action by the colonies united in the New England Confederation

Glorious Revolution

English revolt that also led to the overthrow of the Dominion of New England in America

Hudson River Valley

River valley where vast estates created an aristocratic landholding elite in New Netherland and New York.


Required, sworn statements of loyalty or religious belief, resisted by Quakers


Common activity in which the colonists engaged to avoid the restrictive, unpopular Navigation Laws.

Martin Luther

German monk who began Protestant Reformation

John Calvin

Reformer whose religious ideas inspired English Puritans, Scotch Presbyterians, French Huguenots, and Dutch Reformed

William Penn

Founder of the most tolerant and democratic of the middle colonies


Wampanoag chieftain who befriended English colonists


Small colony that eventually merged into Massachusetts Bay

Massachusetts Bay Colony

Colony whose government sought to enforce God's law on believers and unbelievers alike

John Winthrop

Promoter of Massachusetts Bay as a holy "city upon a hill

Great Puritian Migration

Mass flight from the persecutions of Archbishop Laud and Charles I

General Courth

Representative assembly of Massachusetts Bay


Dominant religious group in Massachusetts Bay Colony


Religious group persecuted in Massachusetts and New York but not in Pennsylvania

Anne Hutchinson

Religious dissenter convicted of the heresy of antinomianism

Roger Williams

Radical founder of the most tolerant New England colony.

King Philip

Indian leader who waged an unsuccessful war against New England

Peter Stuyvesant

Conqueror of New Sweden who later lost New Netherland to the English

The Glorious Revolution

Led to the overthrow of Andro's Dominion of New England

The middle colonies' cultivation of broad, fertile river valleys

Encouraged development of Pennsylvania, New York, New Jersey as rich, grain-growing "bread colonies

The dutch West India company's search for quick profits

secured political control of New York for a few aristocratic families

Charles I's persecuton of the Puritians

spurred formation of the Massaschusetts Bay Company and mass migration to New England

The English government's persecution of Quakers

Encouraged large scare foreign immigration to Pennsylvania

Puritain belief that their government was based on a convenant with God

Led to restriction of political participation in colonial Massachusetts to "visible saints

William Penn's liberal religious and immigration policies

Spurred William Penn's founding of Pennsylvania

Dutch and English creation of vast Hudson Valley estates

Ment that New Netherlands was run as an authorirarian fur trading ventue

King Philip's War

ended New England' Indian attmepts to halt white expansion

Puritian persecution of religious dissenters like Roger Williams

Led to the founding of Rhode Island as a haven for unorthodox faiths.