Apush Ch 21

Although the progressives often differed about what progressivism meant, most agreed that
A) all of the answers below
B) it was a particular set of political reforms
C) it was a group of moral and humanitarian goals
D) government should play a role in cor

D) government should play a role in correcting society's ills

The progressive approach to reform was influenced by
A) all of the answers below
B) an opposition to monopolies in business
C) a belief in the interdependence of the individual and society
D) a rejection of party bosses in favor of organized and efficient

A) all of the answers below

The traditional view of progressivism described it as a movement by the "people" to curb the power of the
A) all of the answers below
B) special interests
C) immigrants
D) middle class
E) labor unions

B) special interests

The group of crusading journalists of the late 1800s and early 1900s who attacked corruption in business and government were called
A) yellow journalists
B) Wobblies
C) muckrakers
D) mugwumps
E) scandal mongers

C) muckrakers

Gabriel Kolko argued in his 1963 book that progressivism was an attempt by
A) labor leaders to use political power to force companies to meet their demands
B) the lower classes to seize part of the wealth in the hands of the upper classes
C) city bosses t

D) businessmen to use the power of the government to protect themselves against competition

The favorite targets of the muckrakers included all of the following except
A) the violence used against unions
B) the excessive practices of the railroads
C) the corruption of the business trusts
D) the seamy side of boss rule
E) the waste of natural res

A) the violence used against unions

According to historians writing in the 1970s and 1980s, the progressive movement resulted in
A) the rise of both political parties and interest groups as the vital players in public life
B) the decline of interest groups and the rise of political parties

D) the decline of political parties and the rise of interest groups

In the late 1800s, a group of Christian reformers started a movement that acquired the name of the Social Gospel. One organization that originated as a result of this movement was the
A) American Medical Association
B) General Federation of Women's Clubs

D) Salvation Army

One of the most important members of the Social Gospel movement of the late 1800s was
A) Andrew Carnegie
B) Lincoln Steffens
C) William Graham Sumner
D) Walter Rauschenbusch
E) Charles Evans Hughes

D) Walter Rauschenbusch

Father John Ryan focused on
A) protesting the massive violence of World War I
B) alleviating imperialism in the Far East
C) expanding the scope of welfare for the poor
D) registering immigrant voters in ethnic neighborhoods
E) stopping legislation that wo

C) expanding the scope of welfare for the poor

Hull House, a settlement house designed to aid immigrants, was started by
A) Alice Paul
B) Margaret Sanger
C) Carrie Chapman-Catt
D) Jane Addams
E) Mary Elizabeth Lease

D) Jane Addams

The new middle class of the early 1900s placed a high value on
A) all of the answers below
B) family background
C) becoming involved in radical politics
D) stature within the local community
E) education and individual accomplishment

E) education and individual accomplishment

As a result of the increasing demands for reform in medicine by the progressives, the medical profession
A) all of the answers below
B) opened the field to all practitioners
C) established the American Medical Association, to represent the field as a whol

C) established the American Medical Association, to represent the field as a whole

The growing demand for reform by the progressives in the newly developing professions was the result of their attempts to
A) all of the answers below
B) defend the professions from the untrained and the incompetent
C) protect those already in the professi

A) all of the answers below

As a result of their attempts to regulate the medical profession, doctors such as William H. Welch
revolutionized the teaching of medicine by
A) requiring students to join the American Medical Association
B) moving students out of the classrooms and into

B) moving students out of the classrooms and into laboratories and clinics

The so-alled "women's professions" of the progressive era included all of the following except
A) nurse
B) social worker
C) teacher
D) librarian
E) secretary

E) secretary

To be more actively involved in the progressive effort to remake American society, the great majority of American women
A) took up professional careers
B) organized within existing political parties
C) joined women's clubs
D) abandoned their roles as wive

C) joined women's clubs

All of the following were women's organizations of the progressive era except
A) General Federation of Women's Club
B) National Association of Colored Women
C) Women's Trade Union League
D) National Organization for Women
E) National Woman's party

D) National Organization for Women

Most progressive reformers advocated suffrage for women because they thought it would
A) make it easier for women to get a divorce
B) strengthen the forces of reform
C) preserve the natural order to society
D) automatically lead to equal rights for men an

B) strengthen the forces of reform

The most radical and militant women's suffrage leader who advocated both the vote for women and the Equal Rights Amendment was
A) Alice Paul
B) Carrie Chapman Catt
C) Jane Addams
D) Ida Tarbell
E) Florence Kelly

A) Alice Paul

Most progressives agreed that the only societal institution that could provide the regulation and control necessary to modern society was the
A) corporation
B) church
C) government
D) labor union
E) corporation

C) government

The progressives attempted to challenge the dominance of the two major political parties through all of the following methods except
A) supporting a third party
B) introducing the secret ballot
C) working with the urban political bosses
D) increasing the

C) working with the urban political bosses

Most urban working people opposed the actions of the progressives against the party machines because
A) the machines were a source of jobs and services
B) the bosses tended to be of the same nationality as the progressives
C) they felt that the progressiv

A) the machines were a source of jobs and services

The progressive belief that government must remain untainted by the corrupting influence of politics led to the creation of the form of municipal government known as
A) commission government
B) mayor government
C) elected trusts
D) city manager government

D) city manager government

Progressives introduced reforms that attempted to make government more responsive to the people. Those reforms included all of the following except
A) recall
B) party nominating conventions
C) initiative and referendum
D) direct primaries
E) limiting corp

B) party nominating conventions

The progressive measure that gave voters the right to remove a public official from office through special election was
A) initiative
B) referendum
C) direct primary
D) recall
E) commission

D) recall

Progressives came to regard one state as the center of reform and its governor as the leading progressive. The most progressive state and governor were
A) New Jersey/Woodrow Wilson
B) Wisconsin/Robert La Follette
C) California/Hiram. Johnson
D) New York/C

B) Wisconsin/Robert La Follette

During the progressive era, New York's Tammany Hall was an example of
A) all of the answers below
B) a city political machine
C) a vehicle for social welfare
D) corrupt and incompetent municipal government
E) using political power to gain reforms

A) all of the answers below

The death toll in the Triangle Shirtwaist Fire was much higher than it should have been because
A) an arsonist had deliberately set the fire to start at the worst possible time of the day
B) union organizers started the fire in the exits in an attempt to

C) the management of the company had locked the emergency exits so that employees could not sneak away from work

Western progressives wanted the federal government to help their states by
A) all of the answers below
B) settling conflicts between states over water rights
C) building federal dams and water projects
D) subsidizing the construction of roads and highways

A) all of the answers below

The black leader who became the chief spokesman for the new civil rights movement and who helped to found the Niagara movement and the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People was
A) Booker T. Washington
B) Frederick Douglass
C) Alain Lo

D) W. E. B. Du Bois

The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People approach to obtaining civil rights for black Americans included
A) all of the answers below
B) using the federal courts to gain equal tights
C) seeking immediate restoration of civil rights as

A) all of the answers below

Although many progressives felt that the elimination of alcohol from American life was a necessary step in remaking American society, the primary group in society who pushed for prohibition was
A) religious leaders
B) immigrants
C) women
D) the working cl

C) women

In the progressive push to adopt the Eighteenth Amendment in 1917, only Connecticut and Rhode Island refused to ratify it because
A) the liquor trusts had significant influence there
B) they had primarily Catholic immigrant populations
C) they had few pro

B) they had primarily Catholic immigrant populations

In adopting the Eighteenth Amendment, progressives felt the federal government had taken a step toward the elimination of
A) all of the answers below
B) the liquor industry
C) the saloon
D) family violence
E) poor work performance

A) all of the answers below

Which statement would most likely have been said by a nativist?
A) "American Indians should be allowed to return to their tribal lands."
B) "Voting rights should be extended to all American citizens."
C) "American purity is being harmed by the immigration

C) "American purity is being harmed by the immigration of non-Anglo-Saxon people.

Progressives used all of the following reasons to justify immigration restriction except
A) the introduction of immigrants was polluting the nation's racial stock
B) newer immigrant groups had proven themselves less adaptable to American society than earl

C) immigrants were a source of cheap labor and thus were forcing down the wages of average Americans

The Dillingham Report concluded that
A) lynchings had become a major social problem in America
B) newer immigrants were not efficient at assimilating to American culture
C) big business had become so corrupt that government regulation was needed
D) rural

B) newer immigrants were not efficient at assimilating to American culture

In the early 1900s, the man who became famous as the leader of the Socialist party and who was its perennial presidential candidate was
A) William "Big Bill" Haywood
B) Henry Cabot Lodge
C) Walter Lippman
D) Lincoln Steffens
E) Eugene V. Debs

E) Eugene V. Debs

In the early 1900s, supporters of socialism argued that the main problem of American society was not the abuse of the economic system by big business but the
A) all of the answers below
B) economic system as a whole
C) abuses of the national government
D)

B) economic system as a whole

The Wobblies were a group of
A) all of the answers below
B) labor union members
C) socialists
D) radicals
E) critics of capitalism

A) all of the answers below

Louis D. Brandeis, who was a brilliant lawyer, Supreme Court justice, and author, was associated with the economic viewpoint that
A) government should allow small-scale private enterprise to thrive while nationalizing major industries
B) government should

D) government must regulate competition in such a way as to ensure that large trusts did not emerge

Herbert Croly, whose 1909 book The Promise of American Life was one of the most influential progressive documents, expressed a "nationalist" position on the American economy. This nationalist policy called for
A) breaking up large business combinations an

B) guarding against abuses of power by large institutions by distinguishing between "good trusts" and "bad trusts

The president who became the most powerful symbol of the reform impulse at the national level was
A) Woodrow Wilson
B) William Howard Taft
C) Theodore Roosevelt
D) William McKinley
E) Grover Cleveland

C) Theodore Roosevelt

All progressives were in agreement that
A) laissez-faire orthodoxy was inadequate for dealing with social problems
B) racism was the number one social problem in the United States
C) it was time for the Socialist party to become a major political force
D)

A) laissez-faire orthodoxy was inadequate for dealing with social problems