APUSH CH 12 Vocab

Transcendentalism

Liberal, religious movement of the 1830s. Believed that the truth transcends the senses and that every man possesses and inner light

Ralph W. Emerson

19th century writer who wrote many poems and philosophical essays

Henry D. Thoreau

Transcendentalist and a non conformist. He condemned government and inspired passive resistance

Burned Over District

Center of religious revivalism and received many traveling evangelists

Margaret Fuller

Started the women's rights movement of the 19th century. First female reporter in America

James F. Cooper

Considered part of the New England Renaissance, wrote many books about the frontier

Herman Melville

Considered an unconventional author and wrote many stories about the south pacific

Nathaniel Hawthorne

One of three authors dealing with the never-ending struggle between good and evil

Edgar A. Poe

Eccentric genius whose works were full of horror

Washington Irving

First American to win international recognition for his literature

Henry W. Longfellow

Wrote many epic poems about history, though they were inaccurate and very long

John G. Whittier

One of the few Quaker writers during his time. Abolitionist and most of his poems dealt with the evils of slavery

Charles G. Finney

Avid reformer who started the Second Great Awakening

Walt Whitman

Poet from Brooklyn, whose most famous work was Leaves of Grass, a set of poems written in free verse

Hudson River School of Arts

One of the few art schools in America in the 19th century. Consisted of a group of artists with the same style of painting who became famous for their landscapes

Alexis de Tocqueville

French historian who came to America and observed democracy

Millerites

Religious movement that stated one would have to renounce all worldly things and started by William Miller

Brook Farm

Commune that wanted a perfect union between intellectual and manual labor.

George Bancroft

First American historian and wrote the History of the United States

New Harmony

Society that focused on Utopian Socialism and started by Robert Owens

Oneida

Perfectionist Utopian movement began here

Amana

This utopian group was called the Minonites and was created by the Germans

Shakers

Started by Ann Lee and promoted celibacy as an answer to world suffering

Lyceum Movement

Adult education movement for dropouts who were curious for knowledge

Dorothea Dix

Wanted reform in prisons and the creation of insane asylums because insane people were being held on boxes and otherwise mistreated

Oberlin 1833

First school to have co-Ed classes and integrated class

Mt. Holyoke 1836

This university was founded by Mary Lyons and it was the first university for women only

Horace Mann

Pursued reform in the educational system during the 19th century

Noah Webster

Created a dictionary of the standardized usage of the English language in America

William McGuffey

Wrote a book used to teach 80% of Americans to read during the early 1800s

American Peace Society 1828

Pacifist organization that advocated ideas for a world court and the United Nations

United States Temperance Union 1833

Formed when the American Society for the Promotion of Temperance and other temperance societies merged together. Promoted a limitation of liquor consumption

Timothy S. Arthur

Wrote ten nights in a bar, a book that promoted legal prohibition of alcohol

Neal Dow Maine Laws

Dow supported temperance ardently and supported the passage of the Maine Laws which prohibited alcohol

Nativism

German and Irish immigrants flooded into the U.S. during the 1850s. This caused great resentment among Americans and caused nativism to grow

Lucretia Mott

Strongly supported the women's rights movement and the anti-slavery movement

Elizabeth C. Stanton

Another ardent women's righter who attended the Seneca Falls Conference and advocated suffrage for women

Seneca Falls Convention

First women's rights movement meeting

Cult of True Women

Emphasized domesticity, piety, purity, and submissiveness as the attributes of a true women.