us history II final exam Flashcards

Both Ratified in the 1930s, the twentieh amendment _______; The
twenty-first Amendment _____

shortened the time between presidential election and inauguration;
ended prohibition

In 1932 Franklin Roosevelt campaigned on the promise that his
administration would demonstrate particular concern for

the forgotten man

the 1930s Dust Bowl was centered in the states of

Texas, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Kansas, Colorado

The Agriculture Adjustment Act attempted to solve the "farm
Problem" by

paying farmers to reduce their production and thus raise prices

The Federal Securities Act

created the securities and Exchange commission to require accurate
public information about stocks and bonds.

The Glass- Steagall Act

created the federal deposit insurance corporation to insure
individual bank deposits

The ____ was probably the most popular New Deal program; the ____ was
one of the most complex and the ______ was the most radical

Civilian Conservation Corps; Nation Recovery Administration;
Tennessee Valley Authority

The Phrase "Hundred Days" refers to

The first months of Franklin Roosevelt's presidency when congress
passed numerous important laws

Which of the following was not among the goals of the Tennessee
Valley Authority

bring business, labor, and agriculture under direct federal control

After the destroyer Greer was fired upon, the Kearny crippled and the
Reuben James sunk

congress authorized the arming of American Merchant Ships

Fascist aggression in the 1930s included Mussolini's invasion of
______, HItlers invasion of _____, and Franco.. overthrow of
republican government of _____

Ethiopia, Czechosolvakia, and Spain

America's neutrality during the Spanish civil war of 1936-1939 allowed

Spain to become a fascist dictatorship

The 1941 Lend-Lease Act was all of the following except

an executive deal negotiated between Franklin Roosevelt and Winston Churchill

Japan attacked the United States primarily because Franklin Roosevelt
insisted that Japan

leave China

In 1936 the British and French brought peace with Hitler at the Munch
Conference at the expense of


Franklin Roosevelt's good neighbor policy

began to overturn longstanding Latin American resentment because of
the united States

the passage of the Neutrality Acts and other isolationist policies of
the 1930s resulted in all of the following except

a stiffening of British and French resistance to totalitiarian aggression

All of the following encouraged many postwar americans to move from
cities to the suburbs except

development of fuel efficient automobiles

In regard to postwar Germany, the Big Three allies agreed that

high-ranking nazis should be tried and punished for war crimes

Under the North atlantic Treaty, The United States

assumed a commitment to aid any member nation attacked by the Soviet Union

The Postwar policies adopted by the Truman administration toward the
Soviet Union were based on


The huge baby boom reached its peak in

late 1950s

the The feminist revolt of the 1960s was sparked by

a clash between the demands of the traditional role of women as wives
and mothers

the Taft-Hartley Act of 1947 was passed to check the growing power of

labor unions

the marshall plan finally passed congress largely because it was
perceived there as

a way to block communist takeovers in western europe

Soviet specialist George F. Kennan framed a coherant theory for
american foreign policy that was...


In 1956 the United States sharply critized ______ as the agressors in
the Suez Canal crisis.

Britain and France

Amont anticommunists, Senator Joseph R> McCarthy was the

the most ruthless and damaging to american traditions

By the end of the of the 1950s, Latin American anger toward the
United States had intensified because Washinton had done all of the
following except

allowed cuba to fall into the hands of communists

on te subject of racial justice, president eisenhower

argued that the law could not effectively change racial customs and prejudices

In the epochal 1954 decision in Brown V. Board of Education of
Topeka, the supreme court

declared that the concept of "separate but equal"
facilities for blacks and whites was unconstitutional

the 1955 Geneva Conference

established a permanent division of North Vietnam and South Vietnam

The 1957 Eisenhower Doctrine empowered the president to extend
economic and military aid to the nations of ______ that wanted help to
resist communist aggression

the middle east

The suez crisis marked the last time in history that the United
States could

use its oil weapon to make foreign policy demands

The Power behind the economic boom of the 1950s and 1960s was increasingly

science and technology

the launching of sputnik by the soviet union in 1957

created great anxiety about america's scientific and educational strength

Operation Rolling Thunder" was the code name for

American bombing raids on North Vietnam

All of the following prominant leaders of the 1960s died by violent
assassination except

george wallace

as a result of the voting rights act of 1965

black southerners gained new power in the region

by the late 1960s, black power advocates in the north focused their
attention primarily on

economic demands

regular american military forces first entered vietnam in order to

foster political stability and prevent Ngo Dinh Diem's regime from
falling to the communists

the "three Ps" that largely explain the cultural upheavels
of the 1960s are

population bulge, protest against vietnam, and prosperity

the cuban missile crisis resulted in all of the following except

s agreement to abandon the american base at guantanamo

the most serioys blow to Lyndon Johnson's Vietnam policy

was the tet offensive of 1968

when the soviet union attempted to install nuclear weapons in Cuba,
President Kennedy ordered

a naval quarantine of that island nation

John F. Kennedy's strategy of "flexibile response

called for a variety of military options that could be matched to the
scope and importance of a crisis

solidarity" was

a massive working-class labor union that toppled poland's communist puppet....

For Mikhail Gorbachev's policies of glasnot (openness) and
perestroika (restructuring) to work ....

soviets keep control of eastern europe

Ronald reagan's supply side economic advisers assured him that te
combination of cutbacks in social programs and tax reduction would do
all the following exvept

create greater income equality

in response to the collapse of the soviet union, president george
bush called for a new world order where

democracy would reign supreme and diplomacy would replace weaponry

as one consenquence of the demise of the soviet union,

long-supressed ethnic hatreds flared in eastern europe and the former
soviet republics

to president reagan, "the focus of evil in the modern
world" was

the soviet union

the result of the persian gulf war was that

kuwait was liberated but saddam hussein stayed in power

the "new right" movement that helped to elect ronald reagan
was spearheaded by

evangelical christians

true to his campaign promises, as president, ronald reagan

cut taxes

Ronald Reagan differed from Franklin D. Roosevelt in that roosevelt

branded big business as the enemy of the common man, while reagan
depicted big government as the foe

as a result of the us support for israel in 1973 when it was attacked
by egypt and syria

arab nations placed an embargo on oil to america

in griswold v. connecticut, the supreme court declared a state law
prohibiting the use of contraceptives unconstitutional based on

a declared right to privacy

Title IX of the education amendments was passed by congress in 1972 to

prohibit sex descrimination in an federally funded education program
or activity

the killings of college students at kent state and jackson state
universities occurred in connection with campus protests against

nixon's invasion of cambodia

the guiding principle of president carter's foreign policy was

human rights

the effect of the supreme court ruling in Milliken v. Bradley that
integration did not have to take place across school district lines
was to

reinforce the division between poorer, minority inner city schools
and nearly all white suburbs

the supreme court case of roe v. wade ruled that state laws
prohibiting abortion were unconstitutional because they

violated a woman's constitutional right to privacy in her own person

The SALT II treaty between the soviet union and the united states
died in the senate when the soviets

invaded afghanistan

the nixon doctrine proclaimed that the us would

require its alies to fight their own wars without large numbers of
american troops