History Chapter 15 Flashcards


person shows loyalty to a particular region

Border States

Slave holding states that remain loyal to the Union

Popular Sovereignty

proposed by Stephen Douglas; allows people in a territory to vote to
allow slavery

Missouri Compromise

proposed by Henry Clay; Missouri would be slave, Main would be free,
and a line at 36,30 N Latitude would prohibit slavery in the north.

Wilmot Proviso

plan proposed by David Wilmot; slavery should be prohibited in all
land acquired from Mexico

Fugitive Slave Act

part of the Compromise of 1850; made it illegal to help runaway
slaves and runaway slaves had to be returned to the south.

Harriet Beacher Stowe

wrote Uncle Tom's Cabin; book about life as a slave.

Dred Scott

slave who lived in two free states - tried to sue for his freedom

Kansas-Nebraska Act

Allowed territories to vote on whether or not to have slavery; opened
more land to slaveholding; led to violence in Kansas.

Stephen Douglas

proposed the idea of popular sovereignty - ran against Abraham
Lincoln in the 1858 Illinois Senate race - Douglas won

Roger B. Taney

Supreme Court Chief Justice who ruled in the Dred Scott case - said
the 5th amendment protected slavery

James Buchanan

won the 1856 presidential election

John Brown

radical abolitionist who led a raid on Harper's Ferry

Henry Clay

proposed the Missouri Compromise and Compromise of 1850 - known as
the "Great Compromiser"
(Remember C - Clay- Compromiser)

Fort Sumter

US army fort in South Carolina where the first shots of the Civil War
were fired.

Explain the 5 parts of the Compromise of 1850

1. Stronger Fugitive Slave laws
2. California would be a free state
3. New Mexico territory would be open to slavery
4. New Mexico/Texas border dispute is resolved in favor of New Mexico
5. Slave trade (not slavery) would be abolished in Washington D.C.

What political parties joined together to form the Republican Party?

Anti-slavery Democrats

What was significant about the Illinois senatorial race in 1858?

Slavery was the main issue and it drew national attention

Who were the presidential candidates in 1860?

Stephen Douglas, John C. Breckenridge, John Bell, Abraham Lincoln
(SD, JBx2, and AL)

Name the 5 border states.

Delaware, Maryland, Kentucky, Missouri, West Virginia (but it didn't
become a state until 1863)

Explain how the south used "states rights" to justify succession

They believed they had the right to make whatever laws they wanted as
long as it didn't violate the constitution. They felt the government
was infringing too much on their right to hold slaves and their only
option was to break away from the Union.

What did the south call their new country after they succeeded?

The Confederate States of America

How did sectionalism divide the country and lead to Civil War? Be
sure to include at least 4 specific examples that showed how the
country was divided.
(See Road to Civil War chart - this was completed
in class as each topic was discussed.)