person shows loyalty to a particular region
Slave holding states that remain loyal to the Union
proposed by Stephen Douglas; allows people in a territory to vote to
proposed by Henry Clay; Missouri would be slave, Main would be free,
and a line at 36,30 N Latitude would prohibit slavery in the north.
plan proposed by David Wilmot; slavery should be prohibited in all
land acquired from Mexico
Fugitive Slave Act
part of the Compromise of 1850; made it illegal to help runaway
slaves and runaway slaves had to be returned to the south.
Harriet Beacher Stowe
wrote Uncle Tom's Cabin; book about life as a slave.
slave who lived in two free states - tried to sue for his freedom
Allowed territories to vote on whether or not to have slavery; opened
more land to slaveholding; led to violence in Kansas.
proposed the idea of popular sovereignty - ran against Abraham
Lincoln in the 1858 Illinois Senate race - Douglas won
Roger B. Taney
Supreme Court Chief Justice who ruled in the Dred Scott case - said
the 5th amendment protected slavery
won the 1856 presidential election
radical abolitionist who led a raid on Harper's Ferry
proposed the Missouri Compromise and Compromise of 1850 - known as
the "Great Compromiser"
(Remember C - Clay- Compromiser)
US army fort in South Carolina where the first shots of the Civil War
Explain the 5 parts of the Compromise of 1850
1. Stronger Fugitive Slave laws
2. California would be a free state
3. New Mexico territory would be open to slavery
4. New Mexico/Texas border dispute is resolved in favor of New Mexico
5. Slave trade (not slavery) would be abolished in Washington D.C.
What political parties joined together to form the Republican Party?
What was significant about the Illinois senatorial race in 1858?
Slavery was the main issue and it drew national attention
Who were the presidential candidates in 1860?
Stephen Douglas, John C. Breckenridge, John Bell, Abraham Lincoln
(SD, JBx2, and AL)
Name the 5 border states.
Delaware, Maryland, Kentucky, Missouri, West Virginia (but it didn't
become a state until 1863)
Explain how the south used "states rights" to justify succession
They believed they had the right to make whatever laws they wanted as
long as it didn't violate the constitution. They felt the government
was infringing too much on their right to hold slaves and their only
option was to break away from the Union.
What did the south call their new country after they succeeded?
The Confederate States of America
How did sectionalism divide the country and lead to Civil War? Be
sure to include at least 4 specific examples that showed how the
country was divided.
(See Road to Civil War chart - this was completed
in class as each topic was discussed.)