AP HUG: Ch. 11 Vocab.


Factories built by US companies in Mexico near the US border, to take advantage of much lower labor costs in Mexico

NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement)


Industrial Revolution

A series of improvements in industrial technology that transformed the process of manufacturing goods

Cottage Industry

Manufacturing based in homes rather than in a factory, commonly found before the Industrial Revolution


A fabric made by weaving, used in making clothing

Bulk-reducing Industry

A industry in which the final product weighs less or comprises a lower volume than the inputs

Bulk-gaining Industry

A industry in which the final product weighs more or comprises a greater volume than the inputs

General Motors


Single-market Manufacturers


Perishable Products


Break-of-bulk Point

A location where transfer is possible from one mode of transportation to another

Site Factors

Location factors related to the costs of factors of production inside the plant, such as land, labor, and capital

Labor Intensive Industry

An industry for which labor costs comprise a high percentage of total expenses

Fordist Production

Form of mass production in which each worker is assigned one specific task to perform repeatedly

Post-Fordist Production

Adoption by companies of flexible work rules, such as the allocation of workers to teams that preform a variety of tasks





Silicon Valley

The major center of computer software, semiconductors, and other computer products in the south San Francisco Bay area in California

Stagnant Demand


Worldwide Capacity


Trading Bloc

A group of neighboring countries that promote trade with each other and erect barriers to limit trade with other blocs

New International Division of Labor

Transfer of some types of jobs, especially those requiring low-paid less skilled workers, from more developed to less developed countries

FDI (Foreign Direct Investment)


TNC (Transnational Corporation)

A company that conducts research, operates factories, and sells products in multiple countries, not just where its headquarters or shareholders are located

EPZ (Export Processing Zones)






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