AP Human Geography Chapter 2 Multiple Choice

The United States census is politically important because:
A. Immigrants without proper documentation are tracked and deported by the Census Bureau, which explains immigrants' historically low rates of participation in censuses.
B. Statistical sampling re

C. Some legislative seats, including those of the U.S. Houses of Representatives, are apportioned according to population.

Analyzing a world map and the population maps in this chapter, you can deduce that the most populous country south of the Philippines is:
A. Australia
B. Indonesia
C. New Zealand
D. China
E. Malaysia

B. Indonesia

Geographers might characterize as overpopulated a country where:
A. There are too many people according to a standard economic measure of poverty.
B. The population numbers less than one million, but there is concern that the country's natural resources a

B. The population numbers less than one million, but there is concern that the country's natural resources are adequate for only half that number.

A homeless person living in a small town would be _______ to be counted in the US Census than a homeless person living in a large city:
A. Less likely
B. Equally (neither more nor less) likely
C. More likely
D. Nearly as likely

C. More likely

Analyzing a world map in the population maps in this chapter, you can deduce that the most populous country within 2000 miles of Australia is:
A. India
B. Indonesia
C. New Zealand
D. China
E. Malaysia

B. Indonesia

The earth area of a permanent human settlement is called the:
A. Hot zone
B. Civilized world
C. Geophenom
D. Ecumene
E. Subpolar region

D. Ecumene

The most populous country in the Southeast Asia region is:
A. Bangladesh
B. China
C. India
D. Indonesia
E. Thailand

D. Indonesia

The countries depicted as smaller, or more limited in size, on the population cartogram have:
A. higher levels of wealth and higher populations.
B. lower levels of wealth and higher populations.
C. lower populations.
D. lower populations and lesser land a

C. lower populations.

Analyzing the map(s) of ecumene in this chapter, along with a world map, we can deduce that Turkey was intensively settled by:
A. 5000 BC
B. AD 50
C. AD 1500
D. AD 1
E. AD 1900

D. AD 1

Analyzing the map(s) of ecumene in this chapter, along with a world map, we can deduce that the eastern coast of Australia was intensively settled by:
A. 5000 BC
B. AD 50
C. AD 1500
D. AD 1900
E. AD 1

D. AD 1900

Analyzing the map(s) of ecumene in this chapter, along with a world map, we can deduce that Peru was intensively settled before:
A. 5000 BC
B. AD 50
C. AD 1500
D. AD 1
E. AD 1900

D. AD 1

Relatively few people live at _____, but there are significant exceptions, especially in Latin America.
A. lower elevations
B. sea-level
C. high elevations
D. or near coastlines
E. the poles

C. high elevations

Comparing the charts, maps, and other data on the world population growth in this chapter, one can deduce that after the Ice Age, approximately 10,000 years ago Earth's human population:
A. changed little because of the availability of food from massive l

D. began to increase at a heretofore unprecedented rate, following millennia of near stagnation.

Among the following world regions, the least densely populated is:
A. East Asia
B. Southeast Asia
C. Sub-Saharan Africa
D. Europe
E. South Asia

C. Sub-Saharan Africa

Physiological density is the number of:
A. Acres of farmland per the total area of a country.
B. Farmers per area of farmland.
C. People per area of flat land.
D. People per area suitable for agriculture.
E. Farm animals per area suitable for agriculture.

D. People per area suitable for agriculture.

Land suited for agriculture is called:
A. population density
B. agricultural density
C. physiological land
D. arid land
E. arable land

E. arable land

We can calculate that a country would raise, or increase, its physiological density by:
A. increasing the amount of agricultural land.
B. limiting the number of farmers.
C. increasing the areas of its urban centers.
D. increasing the size of its populatio

D. increasing the size of its population.

We can calculate that a country would raise, or increase, its agricultural density if it:
A. decreased the amount of agricultural land.
B. decreased the number of farmers.
C. increased the areas of its urban centers.
D. increased the size of its populatio

A. decreased the amount of agricultural land.

We can calculate that a country would lower its arithmetic density by:
A. increasing the amount of agricultural land.
B. limiting the number of farmers.
C. increasing the areas of its urban centers.
D. limiting the size of its population.
E. increasing th

D. limiting the size of its population.

India and the United Kingdom have approximately the same arithmetic density although their landscapes and sizes are quite different. From this we can conclude that the two countries have roughly the same:
A. level of output per farmer.
B. number of people

B. number of people per area of land.

Given the data in this chapter about urban and rural population concentrations, we might expect to find a lower proportion of farmers living in which of these areas?
A. East Asia
B. South Asia
C. Southeast Asia
D. Southeastern Europe
E. Sub-Saharan Africa

D. Southeastern Europe

A country with a large amount of arable land and a small number of farmers will have a:
A. high physiological density
B. low physiological density
C. high agricultural density
D. low agricultural density
E. low arithmetic density

D. low agricultural density

If the physiological density in a given country is very high and its arithmetic density is very low, then a country has:
A. inefficient farmers or farmers that are out of work.
B. a larger number of farmers, although the number of farmers is not a great a

C. a small percentage of land suitable for agriculture, even if there seems to be plenty of space available to live in.

The average number of births women bear in their lifetimes is:
A. total birth rate
B. crude birth rate
C. total fertility rate
D. total increase rate
E. crude fertility rate

C. total fertility rate

The fertility rate based on the number of live births per 1,000 residents is the:
A. crude birth rate
B. crude fertility rate
C. infant birth rate
D. natural increase rate
E. life expectancy at birth

A. crude birth rate

When the world's population reached 6 billion in 1995, it was forecast that at a steady rate of growth the population would reach 12 billion in approximately 45 years. That period of 45 years is known as:
A. doubling time
B. doubling life expectancy
C. do

A. doubling time

The world's annual ______ is currently approximately 1.2 percent, at which rate the world's population is projected to double in about 54 years:
A. natural increase rate (NIR)
B. life expectancy rate (LER)
C. crude birth rate (CBR)
D. life increase rate (

A. natural increase rate (NIR)

A decline in a country crude birth rate would results in an increase in that country's:
A. Total fertility rate
B. Life expectancy rate
C. Crude death rate
D. Doubling time
E. Natural increase rate

D. Doubling time

Life expectancy is lowest on average in:
A. Africa
B. East Asia
C. North America
D. Europe
E. Southeast Asia

A. Africa

The total number of live births per year 1,000 people in a society is the:
A. Crude birth rate
B. Life data rate
C. Natural increase rate
D. Total fertility rate
E. New birth rate

A. Crude birth rate

The Phatak family in India decides to have five children, although India's official approach to demographic growth includes a public relations campaign encouraging smaller families. This illustrates:
A. That children represent an economic liability to rur

D. An example of conflict between individual and government fertility goals.

Analyzing the maps of fertility and mortality in this chapter, we see more counties with high birth rates and Hugh rates of infant mortality in:
A. East Asia, excluding Japan
B. South Asia, excluding Bangladesh
C. Africa south of the Sahara
D. Southeast A

C. Africa south of the Sahara

Analyzing various maps in this chapter along with a world map, we see that Laos has the highest rates of fertility and infant mortality among its neighbor in :
A. East Asia
B. South Asia
C. Southeast Asia
D. Africa
E. Southwestern Asia

C. Southeast Asia

Analyzing the maps of crude birth rages and total fertility rates in this chapter, we can surmise that Afghanistan has a higher TFR and CBR than its neighbors in:
A. South Asia only
B. Southwest Asia only
C. Southwest Asia and South Asia
D. South Asia and

C. Southwest Asia and South Asia

Analyzing the map(s) in this chapter dealing with infant mortality rates, as well as a world map, we can deduce that:
A. Papua New Guinea has a lower IMR than Indonesia
B. India has a lower IMR than Russia
C. Brazil has a lower IMR than Bolivia
D. Madagas

C. Brazil has a lower IMR than Bolivia

Approximately 500 babies were born in Country D in 2011, but 35 of them died before reaching their first birthday. These data can be used to report Country D's
A. Crude death rate
B. Infant mortality rate
C. Early life expectancy
D. Murder rate
E. Termina

B. Infant mortality rate

It may sound strange to hear that the _______ is generally lower for less developed countries than for more developed countries, but the difference is correlated to the average age of each population:
A. Crude birth rate
B. Crude death rate
C. Infant mort

B. Crude death rate

We can hypnotize with some confidence that Costa Rica has a lower crude death rate than the United States because Costa Rica:
A. Has a higher sex ratio
B. Has more hospitals per person
C. Has a milder climate
D. Is in Stage 4 of the demographic transition

E. Has a lower percentage of elderly people

Country A has a crude birth rate of 60 and a crude death rate of 15, while Country B has a CBR of 27 and a CD-R of 9. Which country has a higher natural increase rate?
A. Country A
B. Country B
C. The NIR is the same in both countries
D. The rate depends

A. Country A

Among the world's countries, the spread between the highest and lowest crude death rates is ______
than the spread between the highest and lowest crude birth rates.
A. Greater
B. Less
C. The same as
D. More related to income
E. Less dependent on social se

B. Less

Japan is dealing with economic concerns about an aging population by:
A. Increasing the birth rate.
B. Encouraging women and older people to work.
C. Encouraging intermarriage between Japanese and non-Japanese workers.
D. Increasing its longstanding polic

B. Encouraging women and older people to work.

Country A has approximately 100,00 children between the age of 0 and 14, although it has a high infant mortality rate. It also has 202,000 elderly people who have retired form work, although most countries to live in multi-generational households with the

A. Dependency ratio is about 50 percent.

The shape of a country's population pyramid:
A. Is determined primarily by its crude birth rate.
B. Has no correlation to its crude death rate.
C. Cannot be used to estimate the country's dependency rate
D. Cannot be used to estimate the country's sex rat

A. Is determined primarily by its crude birth rate.

A European country's population pyramid would drastically change shape if it began to resemble:
A. The population pyramid of Japan.
B. The age-sex diagram of the United States.
C. The population pyramid of Nigeria.
D. The age-sex diagram of Australia.
E.

C. The population pyramid of Nigeria.

The population pyramid of a city in southern Florida, Arizona, or even northern Japan may appear _______
because the city's population is dominated by elderly people.
A. "Upside down"
B. To have a wide base
C. To have perfectly vertical sides
D. To be an

A. "Upside down

One demographic feature with the most significant future implications is that:
A. The natural increase rate is larger every year.
B. There are fewer people in the world now than at the peak in the middle of the twentieth century.
C. The most rapid growth

C. The most rapid growth is occurring in the less developed countries.

The highest natural increase rates are found in countries in which stages of the demographic transition?
A. Stage 1
B. Stage 2
C. Stage 3
D. Stage 4
E. Stage 5

B. Stage 2

The lowest crude birth rates are found in countries in which stage of the demographic transition?
A. Stage 1
B. Stage 2
C. Stage 3
D. Stag3 4
E. None of theses stages

D. Stage 4

The highest crude death rates are found in countries in which stage of the demographic transition?
A. Stage 1
B. Stage 2
C. Stage 3
D. Stage 4
E. Stage 5

A. Stage 1

Rapidly declining crude death rates are found in which stage of the demographic transitions?
A. Stage 1
B. Stage 2
C. Stage 3
D. Stage 4
E. Stage 5

B. Stage 2

A crude birth rate of approximately 10 per 1,000 is typical of a country in which stage of the demographic transition?
A. Stage 1
B. Stage 2
C. Stage 3
D. Stage 4
E. Stages 2 and 3

D. Stage 4

Leading approaches to reducing birth rates emphasize the long-term benefits of:
A. Teaching people to become more active consumers.
B. School programs that ignore contraceptive techniques and teach "abstinence only".
C. Improving men's educational attainm

D. Improving local economic conditions in conjunction with improving women's educational attainment.

The government of Bangladesh has helped reduce birth rates mainly by providing:
A. An economy as developed as any in Europe.
B. Access to and information about universities that women can attend.
C. Information about choosing sexual abstinence.
D. Access

D. Access to and information about various methods of contraception.

The low rate of contraceptive use in Africa reflects the region's:
A. Improving education of women.
B. Low status of women.
C. Rapid diffusion of contraceptives.
D. Low status of men.
E. High rates of religious adherence.

B. Low status of women.

An analysis of the charts and/or demographic history in this chapter Indicates that during the Industrial revolution two hundred years ago, the global population:
A. Decreased although it has increased during the earlier agricultural revolution.
B. Declin

C. Continued to increase despite fluctuations in individual countries.

Country X has a crude birth rate of 40 and a crude death rate of 15. In what stage of the demographic transition is this country?
A. Stage 1
B. Stage 2
C. Stage 3
D. Stage 4
E. Stage 5

B. Stage 2

Stages 1 and 4 of the Demographic Transition are similar in that:
A. Both have low growth rates.
B. Both have high dependency ratios.
C. Both have low dependency ratios.
D. Both have low life expectancies.
E. Both have low death rates.

A. Both have low growth rates.

More of the "why" questions of demographics can be addressed with data focusing on:
A. Inventions
B. Health
C. Topography
D. "Pollution exporting" policies
E. Air quality

B. Health

Judging by the demographic patterns of recent years, we can surmise that the principal reason for declining natural increase rates in less developed countries today is:
A. Increasing crude birth rates
B. Declining crude birth rates
C. Increasing crude dea

B. Declining crude birth rates

Evaluating the charts on world population growth in this chapter, we can deduce that:
A. The world population decreased during the late 1950s although it increased through the rest of the 1990s, owing to fluctuations in the net increase rate.
B. The annua

C. The natural increase rate has been correlated to the growth in global population, and both have increased greatly in the last century.

All other factors being equal, assess which of the following families would most likely contribute to slowing its country's birth rates.
A) The sons are encouraged to complete as many years of formal education as possible before marrying and/or beginning

C) The daughters are encouraged to complete as many years of formal education as possible before marrying and/or beginning to bear children themselves.

Thomas Malthus concluded that
A) population increased arithmetically while food production increased linguistically.
B) the world's rate of population increase was higher than the development of food supplies.
C) so-called "moral restraint" was producing

B

In comparing Malthus's theory to actual world food production and population growth during the past half-century, the principal difference is that
A) actual food production has been much higher than Malthus predicted.
B) Malthus's theory predicted much hi

A

The two most populous countries in the world are
A) China and India.
B) India and Bangladesh.
C) Russia and the United States.
D) Indonesia and China.
E) the United States and China.

A

A possible stage five epidemiological transition is the stage of
A) pestilence and famine.
B) receding pandemics, including possible zombie pandemics.
C) degenerative and human-created diseases.
D) delayed degenerative diseases.
E) reemergence of infectio

E

Dr. John Snow found that cholera cases in London were
A) spatially associated with certain public wells.
B) being punished for their sins.
C) being transmitted almost exclusively by French and Irish immigrants.
D) transmitted through the air in contagious

A

The stages of the epidemiologic transition are based on
A) causes of death at varying stages of the demographic transition.
B) the means through which disease is transmitted spatially.
C) non-contagious diseases such as heart disease, obesity, or diabetes

A

The ________ that reached Europe from Central Asia in the 1300s was spread by fleas infecting rats, which were carried from port to port on most ships.
A) Black Blight, or bubonic flu,
B) Flea Plague, or bubonic pestilence,
C) Bubonic Flea Plague
D) Black

D

The term ________ refers to the control of diseases.
A) transition
B) medicology
C) pandemiology
D) epidemiology
E) infectionical

D

The most lethal epidemic in recent years has been
A) avian flu.
B) AIDS.
C) malaria.
D) cholera.
E) SARS.

B

True or False: Most population growth is presently concentrated in more developed countries.

False

True or False: More than half of the people in the world live in Asia.

True

True or False: More people are alive now than at any time in the past.

True

True or False: City X contains 2,000,000 people living on 1,000 square kilometers of land. The population density of City X is 200 persons per square kilometer.

False

True or False: City Y, which is a thriving port and a center of government, contains 4,000,000 people living on 2,000 square kilometers of land. The population density of City Y is 2,000 persons per square kilometer.

True

True or False: Country A, which lies partly in a fertile valley and partly in a vast desert, contains 10,000,000 people living on 10,000 square kilometers of land. The population density of Country A is 1,000 persons per square kilometer.

True

True or False: The physiological density of Egypt is approximately 2,600 persons per square kilometer, while the arithmetic density is approximately 80. This means that most of the country's land is unsuitable for intensive agriculture.

True

True or False: The highest crude birth rates are found in the less developed countries of Africa, Asia, and Latin America.

True

True or False: The highest crude death rates are found in the less developed countries of Africa, Asia, and Latin America.

False

True or False: A country of 30,000,000 people has a crude birth rate of 10. This means that in one year 30 babies were born.

False

True or False: Since the end of World War II, world population has been growing more slowly than in the past.

False

True or False: A country in Stage 2 of the demographic transition is likely to have higher crude birth and crude death rates than a country in Stage 4.

True

True or False: A country in Stage 4 of the demographic transition is likely to have a population pyramid with a narrower base than a country in Stage 2.

True