Exact location of a place on the earth described by global (mathematical) coordinates.
The science of map making.
The long-term average weather condition at a particular location.
A map that uses differences in shading, coloring, or the placing of symbols within predefined areas to indicate the average values of a property or quantity in those areas.
If the objects in an area are close together, a centralized patter.
The spreading of something over a given area.
If objects in an area are relatively far apart, a scattered settlement pattern.
The diminishing in importance and eventual disappearance of a phenomenon with increasing distance from its origin.
On a map or image, the misrepresentation of shape, area, distance, or direction of or between geographic features when compared to their true measurements on the curved surface of the earth.
Coined the name geography: geo meaning "the earth" and graphene meaning "to write." He is noted for devising a system of latitude and longitude.
The imaginary great circle around the earth's surface, it divides the earth into the Northern Hemisphere and the Southern Hemisphere.
Formal (Uniform) Region
An area in which everyone shares in common one or more distinctive characteristics.
Friction of Distance
A measure of how much absolute distance affects the interaction between two points.
An area organized around a node or focal point.
Geographic Information Systems (GIS)
A computer system that stores, organizes, analyzes, and displays geographic data.
Global Positioning Systems (GPS)
A system that determines the precise position of something on Earth through a series of satellites, tracking stations, and receivers.
A set of processes that are increasing interactions, interpendence without regard to country borders.
Greenwich Mean Time (GMT)
The time in that zone encompassing the prime meridian.
Geographer known for creatng the first Geography book, Mediterranean sea center, and genealogies.
An eleventh century Arabian geographer, who worked for the king of Sicily to collect geographical information into a remarkably accurate representation of the world.
International Date Line
An arc that for the most part follows 180 degrees.
Map line that connects points of equal or very similar values.
Geographer known for defining Geography as the study of interrelated spatial patterns.
The angular distance north or south of the equator, defined by parallels.
Patterns along a straight line.
The position of anything on Earth's surface.
The angular distance east or west of the prime meridian, defined by meridians.
A mathematical method that involves transferring the earth's sphere onto a flat surface.
The relationship between the size of an object on a map and the size of the actual feature on Earth's surface.
George Perkins Marsh
Author of Man and Nature (1864)-First systematic analysis of humanity's destructive impact on natural environment.
A representation of a portion of the Earth's surface based on a person's perspective.
A true conformal cylindrical map projection, it is particularly useful for navigation because it maintains accurate direction.
The geometric arrangement of something in a study area.
Projection where the sizes are accurate but the shape of the continents and direction are distorted.
A specific point on Earth distinguished by a particular characteristic.
A meridian that passes through the Royal Observatory in Greenwich, England.
Roman geographer-astronomer and author of Guide to Geography which included maps containing a grid system of latitude and longitude.
An area distinguished by a unique combination of trends or features.
The regional position or situation of a place relative to the position of other places.
The spread of a trend through physical movement of people from one location to another.
The acquisition of data about Earth's surface from a satellite orbiting the planet.
A map projection that attempts to balance several possible projection errors. It does attempt to minimize the errors of area, shape, distance or direction that are commonly found on all maps.
Geography who defined the concept of cultural landscape as the fundamental unit of geographical analysis.
The relationship between the portion of Earth being studied and Earth as a whole.
The physical character of a place.
The location of a place relative to another place.
The physical interval between two objects.
The idea that distance between some places is actually shrinking as technology enables more rapid communication and increased interaction between those places.
Toponym (Place Names)
The name given to a portion of Earth's surface.
Vernacular (Perceptual) Region
An area that people believe exists as part of their cultural identity.
Patterned along a grid.
Corporations that operate out of countries all over the world.
This area of study focuses only on the natural environment and not on humans interactions.
This study focuses on people, it often overlaps other social sciences.
20th century geographer who argued that cultural landscapes should be the main focus of geographic study
The changes that rapid connections among places and region, due to faster transportation, communication, and new technologies.
The location of places, people, and events and their connections.
An area of a region that is most distinct.
Greenwich Mean Time
From which all time zones are created.
Local Global Continuum
Interaction of a phenomena at one scale influencing those at other scales.