AP Human Geography Chapters 9 and 11

Explain the Industrial Revolution by describing its origin

- UK in the late 1700s
- iron, coal, transportation, textiles, chemicals, and food processing were among the first industries affected

Explain the Industrial Revolution by describing its diffusion and current pattern of industrial regions

- diffused to Europe and North America in the 19th century and other regions in the 20th century
- main industrial regions are Europe, North America, and East Asia

Map regional manufacturing zones in different regions with different specific strengths

- UK: steel and textiles, Rhine-Ruhr Valley: iron and steel, Mid-Rhine: chemicals, Po Basin, Northeastern Spain: textiles, Moscow, St. Petersburg: shipbuilding, Urals: iron, steel, chemicals, machinery, and metal fabricating plants, Volga: petroleum and n

Compare and contrast pre-industrial, industrial, and post-industrial life and landscape and give examples of each

> Pre-Industrial: Early 20th century --> better heating requires less coal and more iron (Gary, Indiana)
> Industrial: Mid 20th century --> foreign iron and scrap steel (East and West coasts of the U.S.
> Post-Industrial: Late 20th century --> cheaper to

Describe how site and situation factors influence the location of manufacturing and give examples

Site
- Labor
- most important site factor
- labor intensive industries (textiles)
- Land
- Rural sites
- Environmental factors
- Bid Rate/Bid Rent: cost per acre of land, closer to city higher the price
- Capital
- Banking
- Investors

Explain the location of industry by contrasting raw material-oriented with market-oriented industries

- Raw material-oriented industries
-closer to input rather than output/market
- Market-oriented industries
-closer to output/market rather than input

Explain the location of industry by explaining Weber's "least-cost" theory

- industries place their factory/business in a place that will allow for low transportation costs and the most efficiency (more land vs less land)

Explain the location of industry by discussing break-of-bulk

- if different modes of transportation are needed (ex- ship to train to truck), then an industry/business will be located close to a break-of-bulk point, which is a location where different modes of transportation are all located
- ex: Milwaukee
- airport

Explain the location of industry by defining "footloose" industries

- in a footloose industry, location is not strongly influenced by access to materials and/or markets, and can operate in a wide range of locations

Discuss the problems created by industrialization in MDCs

- deglomeration
- climate over need of input or market proximity
- sunbelt/rust belt
- right to work laws
- union membership
- textile production

Discuss the problems created by industrialization in LDCs

- Maquiladoras
- MDCs unsupportive
- development

use examples of human welfare indicators to distinguish between relatively developed and less developed countries

People are healthier in MDCs than in LDCs. the health of the population is influenced by diet. On average people in MDC receive more calories and proteins daily then they need compared to LDCs in Africa and Asia, most people receive less than the daily mi

Use examples of economic indicators to classify countries as less or relatively developed.

GDP is an economic indicator that tells whether a country is less developed or more developed. Like for example, the difference in GDP per capita between Africa and the United States.

discuss specific examples of semi periphery countries explaining why they are so labeled

semi peripheral countries would be like China and Brazil, because while they are developing at a constant rate they are still not developed enough to be a big player in world trade economy. The are technologically advanced but not in all regions of their

compare and contrast different theories and models of economic development and the relationship between LDCs and relatively developed countries

Two approaches, Self sufficiency and and Rostows World trade development model. Self sufficiency states that the country has to try and spread its money as equally as it can across all sectors and regions, while growth is slow and modest it reduces povert

provide examples of the different sectors of a country's economy and explain the economic relationship between them.

Primary sector workers primarily extract materials from Earth through agriculture and sometimes mining, fishing, and forestry.
Secondary sector: includes manufacturers that process, transform, and assemble raw materials into useful products. Other seconda