FM 3-22.9

What is the FM concerning the M4 Rifle?

FM 3-22.9

What is the first thing you should do when you handle a weapon?

Make sure you clear it

Name the five phases in Basic Rifle Marksmanship

*Preliminary Rifle Instruction
*Downrange Feedback
*Field Fire
*Advanced Rifle Marksmanship
*Advanced Optics, Laser and Iron Sights

What is the purpose of a weaponeer?

The weaponeer is capable of simulating all of the BRM live fire scenarios without firing rounds. Immediate feedback is available for critiquing the solder's application of the integrated act offering while using the weaponeer device to include misfire pro

What are the four fundamentals of marksmanship?

*Steady position
*Proper Aim (Sight Picture)
*Trigger Squeeze

During Preliminary Marksmanship Training (PMI), what are the only two positions taught?

*Individual Foxhole supported
*Basic Prone unsupported

What are the two basic elements of the Sight Picture?

*Sight Alignment
*Placing of the Aiming Point

What does the acronym SPORTS stand for?

Slap, Pull, Observe, Release, Tap and Shoot

What is remedial action?

Remedial action is the continuing effort to determine the cause for a stoppage normal function and to try to clear the stoppage once it has been identified

Describe the proper procedures for applying remedial action with the M4.

*Try to place the weapon on safe
*Remove the magazine
*Lock the bolt to the rear
*Place the weapon on safe if not already done

Describe the proper procedure for applying immediate action with the M4.

*Slap upward on the magazine
*Pull charging handle to the rear
*Observe for ejection of live round
*Release the charging handle
*Tap the forward assist
*Squeeze the trigger

What are the steps required in order to mechanically zero the M4?

*Adjust the front sight post(1) up or down until the base of the front sight post is flush with the front sight post housing (2)
*Adjust the elevation knob (3) counterclockwise, when viewed from above, until the rear sight assembly (4) rests flush with th

What are the steps required in order to battle sight zero the M4?

* Adjust the elevation knob(1) counterclockwise, when viewed from above, until the rear sight assembly (2) rests flush with the detachable carrying handle and 6/3 marking is aligned with the index line (3) on the left side of the detachable carrying handl

Is SPORTS an Immediate or Remedial Action?

Immediate action

What is immediate action?

Immediate action involves quickly applying a possible correction to reduce a stoppage without performing troubleshooting procedures to determine the actual cause (SPORTS)

How many times should immediate action be applied to a weapon?


What is a malfunction?

The weapon ceasing to fire due to a stoppage resulting from mechanical failure of the weapon, magazine or ammo.

Name the different categories of malfunctions for the M4 Rifle.

*Failure to feed, chamber or lock
*Failure to fire cartridge
*Failure to Extract
*Failure to Eject

What is a stoppage?

A stoppage is a failure of an automatic or semiautomatic firearm to complete the cycle of operation

How do you clear a stoppage?

Apply immediate or remedial action

What is the definition of Maximum Effective Range?

The greatest distance at which a soldier may be expected to deliver a target hit.

What does CLP stand for?

*Cleaner- It contains solvents that dissolve firing residue and carbon
*Lubricant- It lays down a layer of teflon as it dries to provide lubrication
*Preservative- It prevents rust from forming

Describe the M4 Rifle.

A 5.56 mm, magazine fed, gas operated, air cooled, semiautomatic or three round burst, hand held, shoulder fired weapon.

What are the 7 types of ammunition that can be used with the M4 Rifle?

*M196- Trace
*M199- Dummy
*M200- Blank (Violet Tip)
*M855- Ball (Green Tip)
*M856- Tracer (Red Trip)
*M862- Short Range Training Ammunition (Plastic with a Blue Tip)

Describe the weights of the M4 Rifle without magazine and sling, with sling loaded 20 round magazine, and with sling and loaded 30 round magazine.

*Without Magazine and Sling-6.49
*With Sling and a loaded 20 round magazine-7.19
*With Sling and a loaded 30 round magazine-7.50

Describe the max effective rates of fire for the M4 Rifle

*Semiautomatic-45 rounds per minute
*Burst-90 rounds per minute
*Sustained-12-15 rounds per minute

What is the muzzle velocity of the M4 Rifle?

2.970 feet per second

Describe the ranges for the M4 Rifle

*Maximum Range-3,600 meters
*Max Effective Range for a Point Target-500 meters
*Max Effective Range for an Area Target-600 meters

Describe the Barrel Rifling for the M4 Rifle

Right hand twist 1/7

What is the basic load of ammunition for the M4?

210 Rounds total. (7 magazines with 30 rounds in each)

The elevation knob adjusts the point of aim for the M4 Rifle how much?

300 to 600 meters

What is the overall length of the M4 Rifle?

*Buttstock Closed- 29.75 inches
*Buttstock Open- 33.00 inches

What are the four positions for the buttstock of the M4 Rifle?

*1/2 Open
*3/4 Open
*Full Open

What are the 8 steps in the functioning of the M4 Rifle?


What part of the M4 Rail Adapter System may be removed to perform PMCS?

Only the Lower Assembly

Describe the procedures for clearing the M4 Rifle

*Point the muzzle in a designated SAFE DIRECTION. Attempt to place selector lever on SAFE. If weapon is not cocked, lever cannot be placed on safe.
*Remove the magazine by depressing the magazine catch button and pulling the magazine down.
*To lock bolt o

How do you perform a functions check on the M4 Rifle?

*Place the selector lever on safe. If the selector switch will not go on safe, pull the charging handle to the rear and release. Place the selector lever on safe. Pull the trigger to the rear, the hammer should not fall.
*Place the selector lever on semi.