Technology Praxis


Which of the following printing methods uses a raised surface area?

The Greenhouse Effect

When heat radiated from Earth's surface gets trapped by gases in Earth's atmosphere and cannot escape back into space, the process is referred to as


The type of guideway used by rail transportation systems is considered

Universal Design

Which of the following processes incorporates accessiblilty design considerations to buildings, products, and all environments?


The process of transmitting thermal energy by electromagnetic waves is called

Structural System

Which of the following vehicular systems holds parts of other vehicular systems and the loads they carry?

Guidance System

a system of equipment for automatically guiding the path of a vehicle (especially a missile) - Provides stability; rotates the nozzel and maneuvers the rocket to keep it on track

Control System

a system for controlling the operation of another system

Propulsion System

a system that provides a propelling or driving force


Which of the following is a term used for measuring the mechanical energy related to twisting or turning forces?


a unit of heat equal to the amount of heat required to raise one pound of water one degree Fahrenheit at one atmosphere pressure - British Thermal Unit


a unit of power equal to 746 watts


the electrical power consumed by a device

Divergent Thinking

In the design process, brainstorming is a form of

Convergent Thinking

a type of critical thinking in which one evaluates existing possible solutions to a problem to choose the best one


a detailed description of design criteria for a piece of work


the process of building a model that demonstrates the features of a proposed product, service, or system, - developing a working replica of the system or some aspect of the system to help define user requirements

Screen Printing

printing process used often for textiles where ink is transferred through a fine stretched mesh screen

Electrostatic Printing

A printing process that relies upon a charge of static electricity to transfer the message from the plate to the paper. An example is photocopy machine.


This printing method uses a metal printing cylinder onto which the image is etched below the surface of the plate. Then the raised (non-image) portion of plate is wiped clean of ink, then when the paper is pressed against the plate, it lifts the ink out of the etched areas-Uses: Magazines, pressure sensitive labels, catalogs, gift wrap, wallpaper, imitation wood grain finished, vinyl flooring

Offset Lithography

Which of the following printing processes is currently used for most newspapers and magazines?


Which of the following is an engineering material that is composed of a number of organic molecules arranged in a chain-like structure?

Alloy Steel

a form of steel containing carbon plus other metals such as chromium, cobalt, manganese, and molybdenum


a ductile malleable reddish-brown corrosion-resistant diamagnetic metallic element


an artifact made of hard brittle material produced from nonmetallic minerals by firing at high temperatures

Assembly Models

Which of the following terms describes the result of bringing together two or more individual parts drawn in CAD during solid modeling?

Axonometric projections

Employed by architects and engineers. Have the advantage of translating space in such a way that distortions of scale common in linear perspective. 3 types are isometric, dimetric, trimetric

Isometric Drawings

a form of pictorial drawing in which all three drawing axes form equal angles of 120 degrees with the plane of projection

Projection Lines

helps locate a point on an adjacent view


uses a greasy crayon to write on a stone, the wipes water on the stone. The artist then oil based ink onto the stone, presses the paper to the stone and the drawing transfers to the paper.


Which of the following terms is used in the energy sector to describe changing an input into a required output using the universal systems model?

Storage System

the information processing, the holding of of information in the long-term memory store. the hardware (boxes)

Feedback Loop

a circuit that feeds back some of the output to the input of a system


wealth in the form of money or property owned by a person or business and human resources of economic value


The vacuum tubes in the electrical circuits of first-generation computers were replaced in second-generation computers with


using waste heat to make electricity - the technology of generating two or more forms of energy from the same energy converter


When a wide variety of plant and animal organic matter is harnessed to generate electricity and make other valuable products, the energy source that drives the process is referred to as

Anaerobic Decay

decomposition in the absence of oxygen


a process in which an agent causes an organic substance to break down into simpler substances


Which of the following processes uses heat, mechanical force, or chemical action to change the internal properties of a material?

Random Access Memory

Holds a software program and small amounts of data for processing (volatile- lose if computer is turned off)

Read Only Memory

Permanent storage; instructions are burned onto chips by the manufacturer. Form of primary memory that holds items that can be read but not erased or changed by normal computer input.

Universal Serial Bus

Plug this devise into your USB port and you instantly have an additional hard drive. The abbreviation is USB

Friction and gravity

Drag, the force that operates on land, marine, and air vehicles, is a result of


Which of the following is the major source of energy associated with photovoltaic cells?


Which of the following technology resources are considered capital of a manufacturing enterprise?


Which of the following would be the most appropriate manufacturing system for producing products in lots or batches?


An alkaline battery converts which of the following forms of energy into electrical energy?


Which type of visual balance is achieved by placing all the elements of a graphic design layout on the vertical center of a page?


Which of the following components allow for the one-way flow of electricity in either forward or reverse bias?

Steam Engine

Which of the following is an example of a combustion engine in which heat is generated outside the cylinder?

Tensile Strength

Although widely used in construction because of its desirable characteristics, nonreinforced concrete is relatively low in which of the following properties?

National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)

Which of the following organizations provides suggested safety guidelines and checklists for teachers and students of career and technical education programs?


Which of the following forms of energy does biomass directly produce?

Nonrenewable Resources

Energy resources such as coal, oil, and natural gas can best be categorized as

Topographic Survey

Which of the following is a type of survey that is used for determining land elevation, locating natural and artificial features of land, and for selecting a suitable site for construction?


Which of the following is a component of a communication system that converts messages into codes or symbols to be sent through various media channels?


Is NOT a cycle of a four-stroke cycle engine

Parts of a Cycle of a Four-Stroke Cycle Engine

Compression, Power, and Exhaust


Cost proposals called bids are prepared by which of the following professionals?


persons who calculate insurance rates


The stabilizer bar is part of which of the following vehicle subsystems?


Which of the following is used to test a nonenergized circuit for the conductance of a transmission path?


a meter that measures the flow of electrical current in amperes

Intaglio Printing

Printing process in which images are transferred from plates that have recessed (sunken) areas. Also called gravure printing.


a device used to measure voltage, or electrical potential energy difference

Industrial Designer

Which of the following is responsible for improving the function, value, and appearance of a product?

Skeleton Framing

In commercial and industrial building construction, the type of open frame to which a wall covering is added is known as

Post-and-beam construction


Industrial Design

creating a product or system to meet stated operational and safety requirements


Which of the following terms is the activity of collecting evidence of the thinking and problem solving that has gone into a designed innovation?


Which of the following is a full-scale working model that is commonly used to test design concepts by making actual observations and necessary adjustments?

Rapid Prototype

Testing and revising a preliminary design model


the transfer of thermal energy from one substance to another through direct contact


the production of heat or electricity


the transfer of thermal energy by the circulation or movement of a liquid or gas

Product Life Cycle

The successive movement of a single product through the design, manufacturing, marketing, use, and disposal phases is known as the

Industrial Arts

From which of the following disciplines did technology education evolve?


An engineer is in the initial stages of designing a factory that will mass produce a specific product. Which design factor is the engineer most likely considering at this point?


Movement of upper and middle-class people from urban core areas to the surrounding outskirts to escape pollution as well as deteriorating social conditions (perceived and actual). In North America, the process began in the early nineteenth century and became a mass phenomenon by the second half of the twentieth century.


Which of the following is considered an undesirable impact that has led to increased travel distances to work, higher fuel consumption, and increased pollution?


Which of the following forms of energy is generally not visible to the eye but can be measured in terms of temperature?

Just-in-time manufacturing

Which of the following uses a pull system to bring parts to a workstation as they are needed and its goal is to reduce inventory and waste?

Open Loop

A technology education teacher asks her computer-aided drafting and design (CADD) students to print out their floor plans on the classroom plotter. The plotter runs out of ink but does not send an error message to the class computers, causing some of the students to print out blank pages. The scenario is an example of which of the following systems model?

Closed Loop

Any continuous connection of branches that allows tracing of a path that leaves a point in one direction and returns to that same point from another direction without leaving the circuit. - A disadvantage is that it is slow.

Secondary Processing

Conditioning in manufacturing is considered

Pulleys and belts

Are used to transmit mechanical energy from a car engine to engine components such as the water pump and fan?


The term for developing a new product or system that has never existed

Industrial Revolution

Began in England around 1750, changing the way people designed and produced products

Hoover Dam

Civil engineering dam project is directly responsible for the growth of both Los Angeles and Las Vegas


Which of the following communication terms best illustrates the main purpose of a compact disc?

Concept Map

Assessment techniques that require students to graphically show the relationship between ideas

Plot Plan

A type of drawing that would show the location of a building on a site


An output device connected to a computer

Total quality management

A manufacturing processes is concerned with ensuring that finished products are usable and uphold high standards.


The process of physically assembling negatives and positives on a flat plate for printing

Computer-aided design

A type of system that enables engineers and architects to design everything from furniture to airplanes from any angle and keeps track of design dependencies so that when a value is changed, all other values that depend on it are automatically updated accordingly

Maglev Train

A vehicle that uses the same force for both propulsion and suspension


A devise that is designed to produce a signal that can be transmitted and decoded to reproduce the original digital data

Owning Land

Is most closely associated with a person's ability to gain power or success during the Agricultural Age


Is NOT part of a typical sustainability plan instituted by a manufacturing company


Describes notes documented in and around the drawing of a product in order to provide information to a person reading the drawing

Digital thermostat

Is an example of a closed-loop system for home heating representing feedback


A devise that can change sound waves into electrical impulses or signals


A communication technology process is a good example of what an Internet search engine does


Refers to the principles and standards applied during the design process in order to meet requirements and expectations of the customer

Push Method

Which of the following technologies is the means for automating the delivery of information to a computer via the Internet

Are all part of the secondary manufacturing processes

Casting and molding, assembling, and finishing


Uses information from the output of a system to control input or processes to modify outputs

Orthographic projection

A drawing that shows representations of a three-dimensional object on an imaginary plane having only width and height


A mathematical concepts expresses the extent to which a dimension or parameter is expected to change in magnitude


Which of the following rapid-prototyping applications makes use of a special liquid plastic, or resin, that hardens when exposed to an ultraviolet laser beam?