The myth of autonomous practice - to what does it refer?
The Assumption that Social workers and clients are isolated from external policies.
Bruce Jansson refers to as the mythology of autonomous practice. By this he means that social workers tend to approach practice, assuming that they and their clients are r
When an individual is doing everything necessary to fulfill a role and the appropriate social institutions are functioning well enough to support the person's role performance, we have a situation we refer to as interdependence.
When most people and insti
Dual targets of social work
One target is to help individuals having difficulty meeting individual role expectations, also referred to as micropractice or clinical social work.
The other goal of social work is to deal with those aspects of social institutions that fail to support in
-The individual is the most immediate target for change. An individual with a problem cannot wait for a social policy change to come along and solve the problem.
-Another reason for the social work profession's strong emphasis on individual role performan
Abraham Flexner was responsible for?
In summary, for better or for worse, the adoption of a model of professionalization based on Flexner's criteria caused, or perhaps simply accelerated, the trend in social work to define the profession as being focused on role difficulties of individuals (
The policy-based profession is based on three systems, what are they?
The policy-based profession is composed of three systems�the professional system, the client system, and the policy system.
What are the five areas that policy directly relates to practice?
-Policy Determines the Major Goals of Service. A basic component of social work practice is the setting of case goals. The range of possible goals is not entirely up to the judgment of the individual social work practitioner but rather is greatly restrict
What Policy means?
Social actions sanctioned by society
"Those principles, procedures, and courses of action established in statute, administrative code and agency regulation that affect people's social well-being." (Dear, 1995)
"Enhance social welfare as a condition of hum
The four basic policy practice skills as identified by Janson (1994)
They need analytic skills to evaluate social problems and develop policy proposals, analyze the severity of specific problems, identify barriers to policy implementation, and develop strategies for assessing programs. They need political skills to gain an
What are the multiple levels of social welfare policy?
The policies at the various levels are referred to as macro-, mezzo-, and microlevel policies.
Policy Analysis definition (Leslie Pal (2006).
Policy analysis is the disciplined application of intellect to the study of collective responses to public (in our case social welfare) problems.
What is Choice Analysis?
Developed by Gilbert and Terrell, choice analysis is a systematic is a process of looking at the options available to planners for dealing with a social welfare problem. "They are social constructs that are used in the intellectual process of making choic
The difference between "in cash" or "in kind" benefit
A traditional way of categorizing types of provision is to distinguish between "in-cash" or "in-kind" benefits. Monthly unemployment checks are a good example of the former. Indirect forms of cash benefits, although not often viewed as such, include tax c
What is the purpose of evaluating social welfare policies
Rather than simply describing or explaining social welfare policy, evaluation is intended to judge it. The evaluation process may judge a policy's logical consistency, empirically evaluate its effectiveness and efficiency, or analyze its ethical character
Why is an understanding of the outcome of previous policies important?
An understanding of the outcome of previous policies helps us evaluate present proposals and claims for success. For example, many people regarded the changes in public welfare instituted in the mid-1990s as an abrupt shift in the way we deal with familie
What does "half-orphaned" refer to?
Usually single mothers, voluntarily placed their children in institutions when they could no longer afford to care for them on their own. Often they contributed a small sum of money toward the children's support. Generally, they maintained contact with th
What is the first rule of policy analysis?
The first rule of policy analysis is: Specify the policy you wish to analyze as carefully as possible and keep that specification before you all during the analysis. The purpose of this is similar to that of a scientist who states a research question and
What is a critical step in policy analysis?
The next step in social/economic analysis is to clearly and completely identify and define the problem the policy addresses. Social welfare policies are hypothetical solutions to perceived social problems. For this reason, the definition of the problem is
What is critical to the understanding of social welfare policies?
The social construction of social problems is of critical import for understanding social welfare policies. In the case of Phoenix, the problem being dealt with by the policy is clearly not experienced by the people without any shelter.
When attempting to