English Late Renaissance, Restoration, and Argument Test (Blue Book)

Herrick and Marvell

the cavalier poets

love and time

common tones

Seize the day

common theme

carpe diem

latin phrase meaning "Seize the day!"; motif that says life is short and time is the enemy


reoccurring theme/symbol

To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time

poem written by Robert Herrick

you could die tommorrow so find someone quickly

the speaker's warning


symbolize beauty, happiness, and marriage, and how you must marry immediately

glorious lamp of heaven

metaphor for the sun in To the Virgins

life is like a race that's constantly spinning and going to be setting soon

How Herrick uses the path of the sun to reinforce his message


according to Herrick it's great and you experience it first before old age

after you lose your youth you'll have to wait forever to marry and you'll be old

the conclusion of To the Virgins

To His Coy Mistress

poem written by Andrew Marvell

coyness (being shy and modest), because she has no real serious crimes

the Speaker's sweetheart's crime

sit down and think about walking, travel the world and talk with her, and stare at her breasts for 400 years

things the Speaker would do if he had time

he's flattering her

how do these things help his argument

a hurrying Winged-chariot

symbolizes time creeping up on them

by having sex while they're young

how the speaker and his mistress will make the sun run

To His Coy Mistress

the more aggressive poem from the cavalier poets about time

Invocation to the Muse

prayer for inspiration used by the Ancient Greeks when writing epics


a goddess of the arts (usually Calliope)


a minor character whose differences are used to highlight the personality of the main character

King James I

appointed 54 scholars and priests to translate the Bible from Greek and Hebrew to an English translation

John Milton

at 44 he lost his wife Mary, his son John, and His eyesight

When I consider How my Life is Spent

poem written by John Milton about how he can't serve God after he lost his eyesight

Jewish God

the god Milton invokes in his invocation to the muse talking about Moses and Mount Sinai


what Milton asks the god for

a dove flying over an abyss

how Milton imagines God before he created the world

show the justice of God to men

the purpose of Paradise Lost

envy and revenge

the "infernal serpent's" motivations to deceive the mother of mankind

it doesn't give light, it only gives darkness

the uniqueness of the fire in Hell


enemy in Hebrew


Satan's friend

Satan's reaction to his punishment

he feels remorse and guilt for losing the battle and failing his followers

that he shook God's thrown

Satan's claim

the battle's lost but not the war

what though the field be lost?

Beelzebub's reaction

he thinks Satan is superior but questions if they can actually win a battle against God

to do bad things and create a kingdom in Hell to challenge God

Satan and Beelzebub's task

can't be changed by place or time, it's its own place

the mind according to Satan

because at least in Hell he will be free

why Satan prefers to reign in Hell over serving in Heaven