Reading - Insight or evolution

Sheer (a)

used to emphasize the size, degree or amount of somethingSYNONYM utter - The area is under threat from the sheer number of tourists using it.

disregard (v)

disregard something to not consider something; to treat something as unimportantSYNONYM ignore - The board completely disregarded my recommendations. - Safety rules were disregarded.

lesser-known (a)

not so famous

predecessor (n)

someone or something that came before another (tiền nhiệm)

misrepresent (v)

(v.) to give an incorrect or misleading representation of(syn.) belie, distort, garble, misconstrue, color, falsify, pervert(ant.) clarify, illuminate, illustrate

realm (n)

(n.) a kingdom; a region or field of studySYNONYMS: domain, duchy, bailiwick, jurisdiction

endevor (n)

an attempt to do something, especially something new or difficult + There have been great advances in the field of scientific endeavour.endeavour to do something + Please make every endeavour to arrive on time. + The manager is expected to use his or her best endeavours to promote the artist's an endeavour to do something + The public bombarded the company with complaints in an endeavour to have the price increases revoked.

monumental (a)

Massive, very great, very important

duly (adv)

rightfully; suitably

undermine (v)

undermine something/somebody to make something, especially somebody's confidence or authority, gradually weaker or less effective (hủy hoại) - It's all a plot to undermine me.

cumulative (a)

having a result that increases in strength or importance each time more of something is added (tích lũy, chồng chất) - the cumulative effect of human activity on the world environment

unheralded (a)

not previously mentioned; happening without any warningSYN: unacknowledged, unrecognized - I didn't want to make an unheralded entrance.

postulate (v)

postulate something | postulate that... to suggest or accept that something is true so that it can be used as the basis for a theory, etc. (đưa ra thành định đề)SYNONYM posit - They postulated a 500-year lifespan for a plastic container.


a company or business - He is in charge of an enterprise with a turnover of $26 billion. - state-owned/public enterprisesa large project, especially one that is difficultSYNONYM venture - Have you heard about his latest business enterprise?

glean (v)

to obtain information, knowledge, etc., sometimes with difficulty and often from various different places - These figures have been gleaned from a number of studies.

mutation (n)

A change in a gene or chromosome.SYN: modification, transformation, changeover

arbitrary (a)


stirrup (n)

one of the metal rings that hang down on each side of a horse's saddle, used to support the rider's foot - He put his feet in the stirrups.

shrewd (a)

clever at understanding and making judgements about a situationSYNONYM astute - a shrewd businessman - She is a shrewd judge of character.

rival (n)

opponent, challenger, enemy

confer (v)

to discuss something with somebody, in order to exchange opinions or get advice - He wanted to confer with his colleagues before reaching a decision.

banal (a)

very ordinary and containing nothing that is interesting or important - a banal conversation about the weather

invoke (v)

to mention or use a law, rule, etc. as a reason for doing something - It is unlikely that libel laws will be invoked.

merely (adv)

used meaning 'only' or 'simply' to emphasize a fact or something that you are saying - It is not merely a job, but a way of life.

refrain from v_ing

tự kiềm chế, cố nhịn

provenance (n)

place or source of origin


An individual living thing (Sinh vật, cơ thể)

serendipity (n)

luck, finding good things without looking for them

Affix (n/c)

a prefix or suffixTo attach

End objective in sight

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