Map notes

title

gives purpose of the map

compass rose

A tool on a map showing cardinal (N,E,S,W) and intermediate (NE,SE,NW,SW) directions.

Legend/Key

a list that explains the symbols on a map

scale

shows the ratio of distance on the map to distance in real life

Longitude

lines run north/south, measure distance east/west of the prime meridian, measured in degrees

Latitude

lines run east/west, measure distance north/south of the Equator, measured in degrees

Equator

an imaginary line drawn around the earth equally distant from both poles, dividing the earth into northern and southern hemispheres and constituting the parallel of latitude 0°.

Prime Meridian

0 degrees longitude

political map

A map showing units such as countries, states, provinces, districts, etc. Each is normally a different color

physical map

A map that shows mountains, hills, plains, rivers, lakes, oceans, etc.

road map

Shows major highways, airports, cities, railroad tracks, and local points of interest.

topographic map

A map that shows the surface features of an area.

Climate Map

Maps that show the weather patterns like temperature and rainfall in an area.

Economic Map

shows the important resources of a country or region.

thematic map

a map that shows a particular theme, or topic