Unit 1 Vocabulary

Advocate

publicly recommend or support.; to speak in favor of

Agriculture/Agrarian

practice of farming, including cultivation of the soil for the growing of crops and the rearing of animals to provide food and other products

Banish

exile; send (someone) away from a country or place as an official punishment

Buffer

something that serves as a protective barrier: such as a buffer state

Cash crops

crops, such as tobacco, sugar, and cotton, raised in large quantities to be sold for profit

Debtor

person or country that owes money (debt)

Dissent

to disagree; to differ in opinion

Dissenters

One that dissents; English Protestants who opposed the Church of England

Diverse

different; varied; composed of distinct or unlike qualities

Doctrine

a belief, principle, or teaching; a system of such beliefs or principles; a formulation of such beliefs or principles

Economy

A system for producing and distributing goods, and services to fulfill people's wants

Export

o carry or send (something, such as a commodity) to some other place (such as another country)

Haven

harbor or port; refuge, safe place

Import

to bring (something, such as merchandise) into a place or country from another country

Indentured Servants

Colonists who received free passage to North America in exchange for working without pay for a certain number of years

Monarch

person who reigns (rules) over a kingdom or empire: such asa sovereign ruler (king, queen, emperor)

Raw materials

the basic material from which a product is made. such as timber, iron ore, fur, grain

Refuge

a place of shelter, protection, or safety (see Haven)

tolerance

acceptance; especially the acceptance of different religious beliefs and customs

persecution

mistreatment or punishment of a group of people because of their beliefs; especially the mistreatment or harassment of an individual or group because of their religious beliefs

subsistence farming

farming in which only enough food to feed one's family is produced

Consequence

the result of an action (note it can be positive or negative)

delegate

A person appointed or elected to represent others

finished/manufactured good

products that have been made from a raw material,

human geography

The study of where and why human activities are located where they are

physical geography

the study of physical features of the earth's surface